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  1. 1. + Schizophrenia A presentation
  2. 2. + Definition  Schizophrenia is considered a severe brain disorder characterized by people not perceiving reality correctly.  Includes a combination of hallucinations, delusions, and disordered thinking and behavior.
  3. 3. + Symptoms  Schizophrenia is usually diagnosed in the 20’s.  Common symptoms include:  Delusions: false beliefs not based on reality  Hallucinations: Hearing or seeing things that don’t exist.  Disordered thinking: communications seems impaired and sometimes they are hard to understand.  Abnormal Motor Behavior: characterized by random agitation or childlike silliness.  Negative Symptoms: Refers to the lack of ability to function normally.
  4. 4. + Symptoms in Teen  Schizophrenia is not diagnosed until adulthood, but the following symptoms are associated with teen who will later develop the disease:  Withdrawal  Lack in school performance  Trouble sleeping  Irritability  Depression  Lack of motivation 
  5. 5. + Causes  Schizophrenia is a disease that no one knows a lot about, so the cause is unknown.  Doctors and scientists believe that is is a combination of genetic issues and environmental contributions.  Problems with brain chemicals such as dopamine and glutamate, may contribute to the development of schizophrenia.  Considered a brain disease.
  6. 6. + Heredity A graph showing risk of developing schizophrenia
  7. 7. + Risk Factors  Factors that are though to increase a person’s chances of schizophrenia include:  Exposure to toxins while in the womb  Older aged parents  Having a family history of schizophrenia.
  8. 8. + Complications  Schizophrenia is an extremely dangerous disease, especially when left untreated. Schizophrenia can bring upon the following issues:  Suicide  Poverty  Homelessness  Social isolation  Aggressive behavior  Self- harm
  9. 9. + Tests and Diagnosis  A person much have two or more of the following symptoms lasting more than 6 months to be officially diagnosed:  Delusions  Disorganized speech  Hallucinations  Disorganized behavior  Negative symptoms  Catatonic behavior  At least one of the symptoms must be delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized speech.
  10. 10. + Treatment and Drugs  Life long treatment is required.  Medications to help schizophrenia have a tendency to have major side effects, so they are avoided at all costs.  Antipsychotic drugs are the most commonly prescribed drugs for schizophrenia.  Psychosocial interventions such as individual therapy, social skills training, family therapy, and vocational rehabilitations and supported employment.
  11. 11. + Coping and Support  Suggestions for coping include the following:  Learn about schizophrenia  Set goals  Learn relaxations and manage stress  Join support groups
  12. 12. + Prevention  Because there are still many mysteries surrounding schizophrenia, there is not way to prevent it.  Early treatment is key to making sure the symptoms don’t get out of hand.
  13. 13. + A Schizophrenic Brain The photo on the left is a well twin ad the photo on the right is a schizophrenic twin
  14. 14. + Types of Schizophrenia  Paranoid Schizophrenia  Most common type  Presence of auditory hallucinations or delusions about persecution  Generally, people diagnosed with this type don not appear abnormal, because their symptoms are not always present.
  15. 15. + Types of Schizophrenia  Disorganized Subtype  Main feature is the disorganization of thought processes.  Hallucinations and delusions may still be present, but are not as common.  Emotionally unstable  Issues communicating
  16. 16. + Types of Schizophrenia  Catatonic Schizophrenia  Dramatic reductions in activity  Some states of catatonic excitement can occur where activity increases  They may maintain a pose that someone puts them in
  17. 17. + Types of Schizophrenia  Residual Type:  A patient no longer displays any of the main symptoms.  Undifferentiated Schizophrenia:  Patients that do not have specific enough symptoms to diagnose them with any of the other types of schizophrenia are diagnose with this.
  18. 18. + Schizophrenic Artwork  Schizophrenic artwork shows people what goes on inside a schizophrenic’s head.
  19. 19. + Artwork Continued
  20. 20. + Examples of Symptoms Schizophrenic people often hear voices. They are commonly paranoid.
  21. 21. + Examples of Symptoms Anger and depression are common side effects.
  22. 22. + Examples of symptoms Hallucinations can cause patients to talk to people who aren't there.
  23. 23. + Works Cited  Schizophrenia. (n.d.). Prevention. Retrieved May 12, 2014, from conditions/schizophrenia/basics/prevention/con-20021077  » Types of Schizophrenia - Psych Central. (n.d.). Psych May 12, 2014, from schizophrenia/000714/2