History of Higher Education in the United States Timeline

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In the United States, Higher Education began as a way to establish one's social standing. It wasn't until the Industrial Age that Higher Education was expected to help students enter the job market. This timeline highlights these important periods of transformation in the history of Higher Education in the United States.

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History of Higher Education in the United States Timeline

  1. 1. 1802 1819 1824 18361636 1849 Harvard College opens as 1st institution of Higher Education in America Official separation between Private & Public colleges (Dartmouth) Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute opens as 1st Technical College West Point Academy opens as 1st religiously separate college Wesleyan College opens as 1st women’s college Most influential for- profit college is founded: Bryant & Stratton 1852 Avery College opens as the first college for African American students Colonial colleges taught a classical education that focused on man’s place in society. Colonial Colleges were based on the Oxford model with powerful presidents that believed in behaviorist teaching models.
  2. 2. 20151740 1746 1754 1764 1766 17691636 1693 1701 William and Mary University of Pennsylvania Rutgers University Yale University Dartmouth College Colonial Colleges Columbia University Brown University Princeton University Harvard University
  3. 3. 1873 1883 1890 1891 1892 19011862 1865 1868 Department of Education begins 1st correspondence degrees are offered by Chautauqua College Correspondence Courses teach English and mining safety Land Grant universities offer correspondence courses (U. of Wisconsin & Penn State College) 2nd Morrill Act strengthens and builds separate, but equal land grant universities Massachusetts Institute of Technology opens Correspondence Education comes to the Untied States 1st Morrill Act helps found 50+ Land Grant Universities 1st 2-year college opens as Joliet Junior College Industrial Age universities taught both a liberal arts and vocational education that focused on service and utility. These colleges were based on German models, which established academic departments. These universities used both behaviorist and cognitive teaching models.
  4. 4. 1960s 1964 1965 1970s 1972 1980s1944 1947 1950s Telecourses offered for credit Introduction of computers Baby boomers come of age More than 457 Community Colleges Open 4 million 18-21 year-olds enroll Teleconference courses offered for credit The term nontraditional student is added to IPEDS Higher Education Act is re-authorized Higher Education ActCommission on Higher Education Civil Rights Act Women’s Lib Movement GI Bill During the transformation age, higher education began to be viewed as a right and characterized by universal access. These colleges believed in constructivist teaching models.
  5. 5. G.I. Bill Paves the way for Adult Students Commission on Higher Education Higher Education Act Transformation Age Legislation
  6. 6. G.I. Bill Paves the way for Adult Students Commission on Higher Education Higher Education Act Democratizes Higher Education through Open Enrollment policies Popularizes phrase Community College Transformation Age Legislation
  7. 7. Promotes Technology, General Financial Aid , Institutional Aid, Pell Grants, Work-Study Programs Forbids bias based on sex or race G.I. Bill Paves the way for Adult Students Commission on Higher Education Higher Education Act Democratizes Higher Education through Open Enrollment policies Popularizes phrase Community College Transformation Age Legislation

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