Road to revolution

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Road to Revolution Computer Lab Activity

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Road to revolution

  1. 1. The Story of a RoadThe Story of a Road Some Took toSome Took to RevolutionRevolution United States HistoryUnited States History ““An Age of Revolution”An Age of Revolution”
  2. 2. What Do YouWhat Do You SeeSee?? What Do YouWhat Do You KnowKnow??
  3. 3. What do predict will happen?What do predict will happen? Stated that laws exist which protect the rights of British subjects which the king must observe First colonial government written by Pilgrims before settling the New World A king could not tax British subjects without permission from the British government, Parliament Provided basic rights for all British subjects: established elections, right to bear arms, forbid cruel unusual punishment, trial by jury
  4. 4. Care to make a prediction? Rights of English Citizens King’s Influence and Power Time (Years)
  5. 5. King’s Power and Influence Time (YEARS) RightsofEnglishCitizens
  6. 6. Do You Know Anything AboutDo You Know Anything About Powder Kegs?Powder Kegs?
  7. 7. MercantilismMercantilism England has got it GOOD!!!England has got it GOOD!!!
  8. 8. Victory comes at a costVictory comes at a cost
  9. 9. How can we fix it?How can we fix it? We need more money…perhaps the colonies? I have a few ideas. Prime Minister Grenville
  10. 10. Navigation Acts, 1660’sNavigation Acts, 1660’s We need to tighten our leash a bit more. Certain products can only be sold to England or English colonies. (sugar, tobacco, indigo, etc.) Goods from other countries had to go to Europe first. Goods had to be transported on English ships.
  11. 11. Proclamation of 1763Proclamation of 1763 We have to limit colonial expansion westward.
  12. 12. Back in the colonies…Back in the colonies… Doesn’t bother me at all. I know a way to smuggle goods in. I like things just the way they are. They did not care to enforce trade before. They’ll back off. We are still moving west.
  13. 13. Ignore, smuggle and bend the rules. Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763
  14. 14. We still need more money. England’s citizens pay taxes on sugar. The colonists are English citizens. It seems only fair.
  15. 15. Back in the colonies…Back in the colonies… Can they really do that? Do we have a say at all? Things are tight enough! I don’t need more taxes!What if we get sugar from someone else? We can find ways around this.
  16. 16. Currency Act, 1764 Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act, 1764 Ignore, smuggle and bend the rules. Verbal protest More smuggling
  17. 17. Not working! Any other bright ideas? I have another way which could bring in more money.
  18. 18. Stamp Act, 1765Stamp Act, 1765 This is an English royal stamp!
  19. 19. Back in the colonies…Back in the colonies… Can they really do that? Who represents us anyway? More taxes? Are you kidding me? They did spend a lot of money protecting our interest. I wonder what other colonies are saying?
  20. 20. The Stamp Act CongressThe Stamp Act Congress Taxatio n witho ut representatio n? “ Why no t o ur lands? Why no t pro duce o f o ur lands, and everything we po ssess o r make use o f?...If taxes are laid upo n us in any shape witho ut having a legalrepresentative where they are laid, are we no t reduced fro m… free subjects to slaves?” PATRICK HENRY SAMUEL ADAMS
  21. 21. Boycotts begin!Boycotts begin!
  22. 22. Less than a civil response…Less than a civil response…
  23. 23. Boycotts! Threats! Violence! Tar and feathering? We could repeal the act? But our authority will be compromised.
  24. 24. Some threats and violence Currency Act, 1764 Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act, 1764 Declaratory Act, 1766 Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Stamp Act, 1765 “Taxation without representation!”
  25. 25. Townshend Acts, 1767Townshend Acts, 1767 1. We have to enforce the Navigation Acts more. 2. We must have the authority to search any building any time. (writs of assistance) 3. We will put taxes on all imported goods like lead, paper, glass and tea. 4. We will use the money earned to pay the salaries of our colonial officials. 5. We will not let any meetings take place at the New York Assembly.
  26. 26. Samuel Adams steps it up…Samuel Adams steps it up…  Colonists felt theirColonists felt their rights were beingrights were being taken awaytaken away  Boycotts stir upBoycotts stir up againagain  British taxBritish tax collectors andcollectors and officials are stillofficials are still threatened.threatened.
  27. 27. Violence Erupts in BostonViolence Erupts in Boston
  28. 28. JOHN ADAMS Events of the TrialEvents of the Trial Governor Hutchinson orders troops to withdraw from the Boston City Captain Preston faces trial alone. 22 testified. Many state Preston did not give order.(Jury-12: 2 Boston, 5 Tories) Wemms, Hartigan, McCauley, White, Warren and Carroll stand trial together. Kilroy and Montgomery did fire into crowd. Found guilty of manslaughter. Both claimed to be clergy and were spared death penalty. Branding by fire was punishment. (seared thumbs) Montgomery later admitted to yelling “Damn you, Fire!” after being knocked to the ground.
  29. 29. (TORIES) BEN FRANKLIN WILLIAM FRANKLIN I am indeed of opinion, that the parliament has no right to make any law whatever, binding on the colonies… I know your sentiments differ from mine on these subjects. You are a thorough government man, which I do not wonder at, not do I aim at converting you. I only wish to act uprightly and steadily.” I think that all laws until they are repealed ought to be obeyed and that is the duty of those who are entrusted with the executive part of government to see that they are so.” FATHER… …AND SON
  30. 30. I wonder if the king has heard the news? Enough is enough! We are losing control! Repeal the acts! As you wish! However we still need to make money. Perhaps keep the tax on tea? Day #2 Stopping Point
  31. 31. Tea Anyone?Tea Anyone? (3 years after(3 years after Boston Massacre)Boston Massacre) Forty to fifty men gathered at Griffin’s Wharf. Dressed as Indians and blackened in face with coal, they boarded the Dartmouth, Beaver and Eleanor. No harm was to come to any of the ships or the persons aboard her. 342 chests of tea had been emptied.
  32. 32. TIME FOR A SONG? Tea Anyone?Tea Anyone?Perhaps Boston should pay back England for the tea they damaged? BEN FRANKLIN Day #2 Stopping Point
  33. 33. Some threats and violence Currency Act, 1764 Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act, 1764 Declaratory Act, 1766 Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Stamp Act, 1765 “Taxation without representation!” Townshend Acts, 1767 More boycotts Tea Act, 1773 Boston Tea Party Boston Massac re
  34. 34. That was a great idea! Whatever!!!
  35. 35. Intolerable Acts, 1774Intolerable Acts, 1774 1. Boston Harbor is hear by closed! 2. Colonists will quarter our British soldiers 3. We need to give more authority to our colonial governors and weaken their state legislatures. 4. All British officials accused of crimes will be on trial in England or in another colony Hmm…We’ll probably need more troops sent over to the colonies.
  36. 36. GOVERNOR Searching homes, quartering troops, punishing cities? The Intolerable Acts redesigned colonial governments thus limiting voice (and power) within the colonies.
  37. 37. The Colonies GatherThe Colonies Gather Repeal the Intolerable Acts!!! Our legislatures need to make laws, not Parliament! Halt all exports to England!!! Continue to boycott!!!!
  38. 38. A Voice from VirginiaA Voice from VirginiaGentlemen may cry, peace, peace-but thereisnot peace. Thewar isactually begun! Thegalethat sweepsfrom thenorth will bring our earstheclash of resounding arms! Our brethren arealready in thefield! Why stand wehereidle? What isit that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Islifeso dear, or peaceso sweet, asto be purchased at thepriceof chainsand slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what courseotherswill take: but asfor me, give me liberty, orgive me death!
  39. 39. Some threats and violence An army is formed! Currency Act, 1764 Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act, 1764 Declaratory Act, 1766 Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Stamp Act, 1765 “Taxation without representation!” Townshend Acts, 1767 More boycotts Tea Act, 1773 Boston Tea Party Boston Massac re Intolerable Acts, 1774 1st Continental Congress Committees of Correspondence Lexingto n & Concord
  40. 40. ““The British are coming!”The British are coming!” THOMAS GAGE JOHN HANCOCK SAMUEL ADAMS
  41. 41. Shot Heard Round the World!Shot Heard Round the World!
  42. 42. It’s justIt’s just Common SenseCommon Sense In 1776, at the request of Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Paine, an English writer, came to America. He wrote a 47-page pamphlet which was later distributed in Philadelphia. 500,000 copies were sold in the colonies in a matter of months. Through his words, colonists began to see Great Britain in a new light.
  43. 43. “There is something very absurd in supporting a continent to be perpetually [forever] governed by an island.” “I have heard it asserted by some, that as America hath flourished under her former connection with Great-Britain, that the same connection is necessary towards her future happiness, and will always have the same effect…“ Paine’s words spoke out against the abuse of British government. It would change the way colonists viewed British authority, but it would call for something new… independence. Paine’s words spoke out against the abuse of British government. It would change the way colonists viewed British authority, but it would call for something new… independence. “Nothing can be more fallacious than this kind of argument. We may as well assert that because a child has thrived upon milk, that it is never to have meat, or that the first twenty years of our lives is to become a precedent for the next twenty.”
  44. 44. So what happens next?So what happens next?
  45. 45. Some threats and violence An army is formed! Currency Act, 1764Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act, 1764 Declaratory Act, 1766 Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Stamp Act, 1765 “Taxation without representation!” Townshend Acts, 1767 More boycotts Boston Tea Party Boston Massac re Intolerable Acts, 1774 1st Continental Congress Committees of Correspondence Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act, 1764 Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Currency Act, 1764Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Declaratory Act, 1766 Currency Act, 1764Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Stamp Act, 1765 Declaratory Act, 1766 Currency Act, 1764Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Townshend Acts, 1767 Stamp Act, 1765 Declaratory Act, 1766 Currency Act, 1764Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Townshend Acts, 1767 Stamp Act, 1765 Declaratory Act, 1766 Currency Act, 1764Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Intolerable Acts, 1774 Townshend Acts, 1767 Declaratory Act, 1766 Currency Act, 1764Navigation Acts 1660’s Proclamation of 1763 Tea Act, 1773 Sugar Act, 1764 Stamp Act, 1765 Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest “Taxation without representation!” Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott “Taxation without representation!” Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Some threats and violence Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott “Taxation without representation!” Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest An army is formed! Some threats and violence Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott “Taxation without representation!” Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest 1st Continental Congress An army is formed! Some threats and violence Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott “Taxation without representation!” Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Boston Tea Party 1st Continental Congress An army is formed! Some threats and violence Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott “Taxation without representation!” Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest More boycotts Boston Tea Party 1st Continental Congress An army is formed! Some threats and violence Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott “Taxation without representation!” Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Committees of Correspondenc e More boycotts Boston Tea Party 1st Continental Congress An army is formed! Some threats and violence Sons & Daughters of Liberty / boycott “Taxation without representation! ” Stamp Act Congress More smuggling Ignore & smuggle Verbal protest Boston Massacr e
  46. 46. Questions for you and your neighbor…Questions for you and your neighbor…  Where did the British government makeWhere did the British government make its first mistake? (Push too hard?)its first mistake? (Push too hard?)  Did the colonies make any mistakes?Did the colonies make any mistakes? (Push too hard?)(Push too hard?)  At what point was there no turning back?At what point was there no turning back? (A break was going to happen…)(A break was going to happen…)  Was revolution inevitable? (Going toWas revolution inevitable? (Going to happen no matter what…)happen no matter what…)
  47. 47. What have we covered so far?What have we covered so far? repealrepeal Proclamation of 1763Proclamation of 1763 Stamp ActStamp Act Sons & Daughters of LibertySons & Daughters of Liberty Townshend ActsTownshend Acts boycottboycott Intolerable ActsIntolerable Acts Samuel AdamsSamuel Adams Boston MassacreBoston Massacre Boston Tea PartyBoston Tea Party Lexington & ConcordLexington & Concord loyalists (Tories)loyalists (Tories) George WashingtonGeorge Washington Patrick HenryPatrick Henry Common SenseCommon Sense

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