Lesson 1

Detailed Discussion
On the lesson with meanings of tough words, exercise
work outs, questions and answers

Navab...
Lesson 1

The Snake’s Secret

Detailed Discussion
On the lesson with meanings of tough words, exercise
work outs, question...
Connect

This section is intended to help you establish a clear
connection with the topic being discussed in the
lesson.
b...
Connect

When you hear the word ‘secret’ what do you feel?
How would you feel if someone found out your
secret?
babuappat@...
Establish a clear connection with the topic
of the lesson by thinking on these lines

When you hear the word ‘secret’ what...
When you hear the word ‘secret’ what
do you feel?

Perhaps you may hold something as secret; you will
never tell it to any...
Some facts which one person or a small group of
persons only know, most others don’t know.
Such facts are called secrets.
...
Secret

For example:

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The secret formula of Coca Cola
The secret technology Cryogenic Rockets
Some ac...
Secret of your success- you’ll feel proud;
Secret deed you’ve done- you’ll feel ashamed.

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How would y...
We’ll establish a connection with the main point
discussed in this lesson- The Snake’s Secret

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By thi...
The word reflect means:
Think seriously upon,
Peruse deeply,
Engage yourself in a contemplative exploration on the
subject...
If you are to share your secret with someone, who
would that person be?
Why would you share it with him?

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Your mother, father, brother, sister, teacher, closest
friend, a stranger, no one?

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If you are to sha...
Why would you share it with him?

You believe him the most,
You believe he can give you a help,
He’ll never tell anyone el...
Imagine
Imagine means:

Think creatively
Use your problem solving abilities
Think innovatively
Think constructively
so tha...
Connect, Reflect, Imagine

Are the three tools

You have to use
to have a better understanding
of the lesson being discuss...
Word Bank
(please don’t confuse it with the world bank)
Distressed: unhappy; upset
Wee: very small, (wee hours of the day)...
Read

Please carefully read the
following:
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This is the story of a mythical bird
from heaven; Holowaka, who is
sent by God with a secret for men
and women on Earth.
I...
After God created men and women,
He discovered that as they grew old
they suffered a great deal of
discomfort

babuappat@g...
Not only did their bones grow weak
and hair turn grey, they also lost the
strength to work and defend
themselves. God was ...
So, He called Holowaka, his
messenger, and said, “Holowaka, I
want you to fly to Earth with my
message to mankind.

babuap...
Tell them, when they find
themselves growing old, all they
have to do is slip out of their skin
and they will be young aga...
But remember to talk to no one on
your way. If other creatures learn
this secret, it will be theirs alone.

babuappat@gmai...
So Holowaka promised not to speak
to anyone or stop for anything on
the way and set flight to Earth. He
flew for days and ...
By this time, Holowakas wings were
aching and his stomach was
rumbling with hunger. “If I can’t get
a wee morsel to eat, t...
But he couldn’t find any food.
When he was almost faint with
hunger, he smelt meat. He went in
search of it and found a sn...
Holowaka was delighted at the sight
of food. “Will you be kind enough
to share the meat with me; dear
snake,” he asked mee...
But the snake was a wily old
creature. He knew Holowaka was
the messenger carrying an
important secret that God had
entrus...
And he also knew that the secret
would be only for men’s ears. Now
if the snake hated any creature, it
was man.

babuappat...
For as soon as man saw a snake,
even a harmless one that was
crawling along thinking about its
own affairs, he would take ...
The snake had lost many a loved
one in such a manner. So the snake
sucked on a succulent piece of flesh
and asked Holowaka...
Holowaka looked around helplessly.
What could he give the snake? Then
he thought of his tail which was
long and colourful ...
He said; “I can give a feather from
my tail.” The snake snorted and
said, “what would I do with a
feather from your tail? ...
“I can teach you to fly,” Holowaka
offered. “Pah,” the snake spat. “No
thank you, I’m happy being on the
ground.”

babuapp...
Poor Holowaka could no longer
bear the hunger. So he thought
hard and as he sat wondered, he
felt that with every passing ...
Then he was overcome by a tearing
rage at God. “How could he send
me on a mission without providing
enough food to eat on ...
All this is His fault,” he said himself
and having comforted thus, he
cleared his throat and said in a low
voice, snake, l...
This will change the life of mankind,
but now I am prepared to tell you
the secret in exchange of food.’

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The snake stared at the bird and
then, unable to hide his curiosity,
hissed, ‘Go on tell me…’

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But Holowaka was clever enough to
realize the snake might trick him.
“You have to believe me and I will
tell you the secre...
Besides I am too weak to speak. I
need to eat first” he told the snake.

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The snake said “ come to me. You
will eat, but I will coil you in my
clutches so that you don’t fly away
after you’ve eate...
Holowaka agreed and let himself
be entrapped in the snakes coils.

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When he had eaten as much as his
belly could hold, Holowaka said,
‘God said to me to tell man that
when they felt weak and...
The snake was eager to see if the
secret worked for him too. Slowly
and carefully the snake slipped out
of his skin and be...
Meanwhile when Holowaka felt
the coils of the snake loosen
around him, he seized his chance
and quickly escaped to Heaven....
Since the snake had heard God’s
secret first, the secret has
remained with snakes and from
then on, when they feel
themsel...
Answer the following questions

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Consolidate
As human beings grew old they became weak and
tired, they suffered a great deal of discomfort.
This was the poor plight of...
God entrusted Holowaka with the task of delivering a
secret to retain health and happiness to the mankind.
God instructed ...
What happened by the time Holowaka
reached Earth?

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Holowaka flew days in and days out, and when he
re...
When he was about to faint with hunger he smelt
meat. He saw a snake feasting on a dead antelope.
This is where and how Ho...
The snake was a wily old creature. He already knew
that Holowaka was the messenger of God to earth
and he carried an impor...
6. Was God able to provide a
solution for old age to human
beings?

He was not able to give a solution for old age and
ass...
7. Read the following
questions and answer the
questions.

“This will change the life of mankind, but now I am
prepared to...
a). Who says this to whom?

These words were spoken by Holowaka, the
messenger of God to earth to the snake when they
met ...
b). What is the secret?

When one grows old, weak and distressed they
have to slip off their skin so that they will
become...
c). Why would it change the
life of mankind?

Man will never have to grow old, weak or distressed.
So it’s a change from p...
d). Did the speaker do the
right thing by telling the
secret?

No, the speaker didn’t obey God, but the fact remains
that ...
Think and Answer

This section is to help the students to think
independently and come out with an answer. So it will
impa...
1. Which of the creatures that
God created was He fond of the
most? How do we know this?

Human beings believe God likes t...
2. Why was Holowaka told not to
speak to anyone on the way?

The secret Holowaka is carrying is useful only to the
first p...
3. If the snake had not slipped
out of its skin what would have
happened to Holowaka?

He may not understand whether the s...
4. Write a brief character sketch
of the snake. (Keep in mind his
feelings towards man) ?

Human beings whenever they see ...
4. Was Holowaka reliable?

Apparently he is not. Even then he has done it
because he couldn’t bear the hunger any longer a...
6. Was Holowaka simple or
intelligent? Why do you think
so?
Holowaka was simple, he has fell to the wily nature of
the sna...
Create

Listen to some sentences read out from the story in
different ways. Listen carefully and say what
tone/mood they i...
Mockery

What would I do with your tail, wear it on my
head?
“Pah, No thank you, I’ll be happy being on the
ground.”
babua...
Persuasion

Will you be kind enough to share the meat with
me, dear snake?
“Go on, tell me”
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Suggestion

“Come to me, you’ll eat , but I will have to coil
you in my clutches so that you won’t fly away
after you’ve e...
Order

Holowaka I want you to fly to earth with
my message to mankind.

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Request

Will you be kind enough to share the meat
with me dear snake?

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Complaint

Holowaka laments, he has not been
provided food to eat on his way to Earth.
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Talk Time

Holowaka returns to Heaven and breaks the news of his
failure to deliver God’s message to the mankind. God is v...
P h ra s e s f ro m t h e l e s s o n
T i c k o n t h e c o r re c t m e a n i n g o f t h e p h ra s e .

Faint with hung...
S et f l i g ht to

Boarded a flight
Began a journey
Started flying to

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Te a r i n g ra ge

Tearing up things around you
Shedding tears
great anger

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R u m b l i n g w i t h h u n ge r

Sound of rumbling of thunder
Feeling very angry
feeling very hungry

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F i l l i n t h e b l a n ks

1. As winter approaches birds set flight to tropical lands
2. He never interferes in other p...
A n s we rs

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

set flight to
minding his own.
faint with hunger
tearing rage
rumbling with hunger

babuappat...
Language Ladder

Some passages are given in the following slides. Write
it down neatly in your note books. Underline the
f...
Nouns in Red
Adjectives in blue
Verbs in green
Adverbs in yellow

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Instructions:
The Passage 1
‘God sent me to tell man that when they felt weak
and old, all that they had to do was to slip out of their
...
Answer Key

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‘God sent me to tell man that when they felt weak and old, all
that they had to do was to...
The Passage 2

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People collect different things. Some are particular in
what they collect. It could be...
Answer Key

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People collect different things. Some are particular in
what they collect. It could be ol...
Auxiliary Verbs

They are also called helping verbs; are used along
with the main verb to form tenses and to express
certa...
Read the following sentences

•I am entrusted with a great secret.
•He is coming got meet me
•He has lost the car keys
•Wh...
Auxiliary verbs can also be shortened. You have learnt
that contractions use an apostrophe (‘) to indicate
missing letters...
Negative Contractions

When we make contractions using not, these are
negative contractions, for e.g.:
•He isn’t ready to ...
Rewrite these sentences with negative
contractions

We have not decided what gift to buy for mother,
They had not cancelle...
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

We haven’t decided what gift to buy for mother,
They hadn’t cancelled the trip to Trichy last week.
The sn...
Extend

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Sometimes we rewrite a story or poem in brief, highlighting
only the central idea and the mai...
Rearrange the phrases and write them as complete
sentences to form a paragraph that will tell us the
story of how snakes c...
Expanded

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God becomes unhappy over the distress of mankind at their old age. He
wanted to give humank...
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Imagine you’re Holowaka. You are afraid
to return to Heaven and face God. Write a
letter of apology t...
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Most Revered Almighty,
I hope you are doing well in heaven. I also am fine here on earth. I
reached e...
Relate

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Find information about the following and discuss it in
your class. You could also write an ar...
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Are all snakes poisonous?
Whenever we see a snake we will get scared of it. We will immediately try to
run away. Normally no snake will attack us. W...
?

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Do all snakes bite?
Do all snakes bite?

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They may bite, but all are not poisonous. No
snake will bite a man for no reason
How do we help a person who has
been bitten by a snake?

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All of us have to take a training on first a...
How do we help a person who has
been bitten by a snake?

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All of us have to take a training on first a...
Vocabulary

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Mythical
:
myth·i·cal (mĭth′ĭ-kəl) also myth·ic (-ĭk)adj.1. Of
or existing in myth: the m...
dis·tressed (dĭ-strĕst′)adj.1. Suffering distress: the distressed parents of
wayward youths.
2. Damaged or previously used...
rum·ble (rŭm′bəl)v. rum·bled, rum·bling, rum·bles
v.intr.1. To make a deep, long, rolling sound.
2. To move or proceed wit...
Vocabulary

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wee (wē)adj. we·er, we·est1. Very small; tiny. See Synonyms at small.
2. Very early: the ...
Vocabulary

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mor·sel (môr′səl)n.1. A small piece of food.
2. A tasty delicacy; a tidbit.
3. A small am...
Vocabulary

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en·trust (ĕn-trŭst′) also in·trust (ĭn)tr.v. en·trust·ed also in·trust·ed, en·trust·ing a...
con·sol·i·date (kən-sŏl′ĭdāt′)v. con·sol·i·dat·ed, con·sol·i·dat·ing, con·sol·i·dates
v.tr.1. To unite into one system or ...
rage (rāj)n.1.a. Violent, explosive anger. See Synonyms at anger.
b. A fit of anger.
2. Furious intensity, as of a storm o...
hiss (hĭs)n.1. A sharp sibilant sound similar to a sustained s.
2. An expression of disapproval, contempt, or dissatisfact...
Hope you have understood the
lesson very well

THANK YOU

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Go back and read the lesson once again
Thin...
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The snakes secret lesson 1

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This is an English language lesson for the students of Std VI of the CBSE scheme of syllabus. This fiction is a really good reading material. This slide show is dedicated to my students at Navabharath Model School at Kakkanvchery and my students at Navabharat Central School, Valakkandy

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The snakes secret lesson 1

  1. 1. Lesson 1 Detailed Discussion On the lesson with meanings of tough words, exercise work outs, questions and answers Navabharath Model School Kakkanchery babuappat@gmail.com The Snake’s Secret
  2. 2. Lesson 1 The Snake’s Secret Detailed Discussion On the lesson with meanings of tough words, exercise work outs, questions and answers babuappat@gmail.com
  3. 3. Connect This section is intended to help you establish a clear connection with the topic being discussed in the lesson. babuappat@gmail.com
  4. 4. Connect When you hear the word ‘secret’ what do you feel? How would you feel if someone found out your secret? babuappat@gmail.com
  5. 5. Establish a clear connection with the topic of the lesson by thinking on these lines When you hear the word ‘secret’ what do you feel? How would you feel if someone found out your secret? babuappat@gmail.com
  6. 6. When you hear the word ‘secret’ what do you feel? Perhaps you may hold something as secret; you will never tell it to anyone. babuappat@gmail.com
  7. 7. Some facts which one person or a small group of persons only know, most others don’t know. Such facts are called secrets. babuappat@gmail.com Secret
  8. 8. Secret For example: babuappat@gmail.com The secret formula of Coca Cola The secret technology Cryogenic Rockets Some activities you do when you are alone and won’t tell anyone else.
  9. 9. Secret of your success- you’ll feel proud; Secret deed you’ve done- you’ll feel ashamed. babuappat@gmail.com How would you feel if someone found out your secret?
  10. 10. We’ll establish a connection with the main point discussed in this lesson- The Snake’s Secret babuappat@gmail.com By thinking on the factor secret
  11. 11. The word reflect means: Think seriously upon, Peruse deeply, Engage yourself in a contemplative exploration on the subject babuappat@gmail.com Reflect
  12. 12. If you are to share your secret with someone, who would that person be? Why would you share it with him? babuappat@gmail.com Reflect
  13. 13. Your mother, father, brother, sister, teacher, closest friend, a stranger, no one? babuappat@gmail.com If you are to share your secret with someone, who would that person be?
  14. 14. Why would you share it with him? You believe him the most, You believe he can give you a help, He’ll never tell anyone else about it, He should know about it, He is an expert in the topic. babuappat@gmail.com
  15. 15. Imagine Imagine means: Think creatively Use your problem solving abilities Think innovatively Think constructively so that you can achieve a better understanding of the topic. babuappat@gmail.com
  16. 16. Connect, Reflect, Imagine Are the three tools You have to use to have a better understanding of the lesson being discussed. It’s an activity oriented learning exercise. babuappat@gmail.com
  17. 17. Word Bank (please don’t confuse it with the world bank) Distressed: unhappy; upset Wee: very small, (wee hours of the day) Wily: cunning, cleverly (an act with a malicious intention) Entrusted: trusted someone with an important job (ringing the first bell denoting the start of the working hours is being entrusted with the peon of our school) Succulent: juicy and delicious Coil: wrap around, cover, twirl around babuappat@gmail.com
  18. 18. Read Please carefully read the following: babuappat@gmail.com
  19. 19. This is the story of a mythical bird from heaven; Holowaka, who is sent by God with a secret for men and women on Earth. Is he able to keep the secret? Read on and find out. babuappat@gmail.com
  20. 20. After God created men and women, He discovered that as they grew old they suffered a great deal of discomfort babuappat@gmail.com
  21. 21. Not only did their bones grow weak and hair turn grey, they also lost the strength to work and defend themselves. God was greatly distressed by this and decided to help mankind remain young, strong and healthy. babuappat@gmail.com
  22. 22. So, He called Holowaka, his messenger, and said, “Holowaka, I want you to fly to Earth with my message to mankind. babuappat@gmail.com
  23. 23. Tell them, when they find themselves growing old, all they have to do is slip out of their skin and they will be young again. babuappat@gmail.com
  24. 24. But remember to talk to no one on your way. If other creatures learn this secret, it will be theirs alone. babuappat@gmail.com
  25. 25. So Holowaka promised not to speak to anyone or stop for anything on the way and set flight to Earth. He flew for days and days and finally reached Earth. babuappat@gmail.com
  26. 26. By this time, Holowakas wings were aching and his stomach was rumbling with hunger. “If I can’t get a wee morsel to eat, then I can go on for some more time” he said to himself. babuappat@gmail.com
  27. 27. But he couldn’t find any food. When he was almost faint with hunger, he smelt meat. He went in search of it and found a snake feasting on a dead antelope. babuappat@gmail.com
  28. 28. Holowaka was delighted at the sight of food. “Will you be kind enough to share the meat with me; dear snake,” he asked meekly. babuappat@gmail.com
  29. 29. But the snake was a wily old creature. He knew Holowaka was the messenger carrying an important secret that God had entrusted him with. babuappat@gmail.com
  30. 30. And he also knew that the secret would be only for men’s ears. Now if the snake hated any creature, it was man. babuappat@gmail.com
  31. 31. For as soon as man saw a snake, even a harmless one that was crawling along thinking about its own affairs, he would take a stick and beat it to death. babuappat@gmail.com
  32. 32. The snake had lost many a loved one in such a manner. So the snake sucked on a succulent piece of flesh and asked Holowaka; “what will you give me in return.” babuappat@gmail.com
  33. 33. Holowaka looked around helplessly. What could he give the snake? Then he thought of his tail which was long and colourful like a rainbow. babuappat@gmail.com
  34. 34. He said; “I can give a feather from my tail.” The snake snorted and said, “what would I do with a feather from your tail? Wear it on my head? I want something else.” babuappat@gmail.com
  35. 35. “I can teach you to fly,” Holowaka offered. “Pah,” the snake spat. “No thank you, I’m happy being on the ground.” babuappat@gmail.com
  36. 36. Poor Holowaka could no longer bear the hunger. So he thought hard and as he sat wondered, he felt that with every passing moment he would die of hunger. babuappat@gmail.com
  37. 37. Then he was overcome by a tearing rage at God. “How could he send me on a mission without providing enough food to eat on the way? babuappat@gmail.com
  38. 38. All this is His fault,” he said himself and having comforted thus, he cleared his throat and said in a low voice, snake, listen, I am entrusted with a great secret. babuappat@gmail.com
  39. 39. This will change the life of mankind, but now I am prepared to tell you the secret in exchange of food.’ babuappat@gmail.com
  40. 40. The snake stared at the bird and then, unable to hide his curiosity, hissed, ‘Go on tell me…’ babuappat@gmail.com
  41. 41. But Holowaka was clever enough to realize the snake might trick him. “You have to believe me and I will tell you the secret only after I have eaten. babuappat@gmail.com
  42. 42. Besides I am too weak to speak. I need to eat first” he told the snake. babuappat@gmail.com
  43. 43. The snake said “ come to me. You will eat, but I will coil you in my clutches so that you don’t fly away after you’ve eaten. babuappat@gmail.com
  44. 44. Holowaka agreed and let himself be entrapped in the snakes coils. babuappat@gmail.com
  45. 45. When he had eaten as much as his belly could hold, Holowaka said, ‘God said to me to tell man that when they felt weak and old, all that they had to do was to slip out of their skin…” babuappat@gmail.com
  46. 46. The snake was eager to see if the secret worked for him too. Slowly and carefully the snake slipped out of his skin and became youthful again. babuappat@gmail.com
  47. 47. Meanwhile when Holowaka felt the coils of the snake loosen around him, he seized his chance and quickly escaped to Heaven. babuappat@gmail.com
  48. 48. Since the snake had heard God’s secret first, the secret has remained with snakes and from then on, when they feel themselves growing old, they just slip out of their skins and become young once again. Anitha Nair babuappat@gmail.com
  49. 49. Answer the following questions babuappat@gmail.com Consolidate
  50. 50. As human beings grew old they became weak and tired, they suffered a great deal of discomfort. This was the poor plight of human beings that worried God. babuappat@gmail.com 1. What plight of people worried God?
  51. 51. God entrusted Holowaka with the task of delivering a secret to retain health and happiness to the mankind. God instructed him not to stop anywhere or tell anyone else, because the first person who hear the secret only will have the power of using it. babuappat@gmail.com 2. What work did God entrust Holowaka with? What instruction did God give him?
  52. 52. What happened by the time Holowaka reached Earth? babuappat@gmail.com Holowaka flew days in and days out, and when he reached earth finally, his wings were aching, his stomach was rumbling with hunger. He felt that he could not move any further without eating something.
  53. 53. When he was about to faint with hunger he smelt meat. He saw a snake feasting on a dead antelope. This is where and how Holowaka found food. babuappat@gmail.com 4. Where did he find food?
  54. 54. The snake was a wily old creature. He already knew that Holowaka was the messenger of God to earth and he carried an important secret. That’s why he wanted something in return for food. babuappat@gmail.com 5. Why did the snake want something in return for food?
  55. 55. 6. Was God able to provide a solution for old age to human beings? He was not able to give a solution for old age and associated worries to human beings, because it was confided to the snakes by Holowaka- his messenger to earth on his way to meet human beings. babuappat@gmail.com
  56. 56. 7. Read the following questions and answer the questions. “This will change the life of mankind, but now I am prepared to tell you the secret in exchange for food” babuappat@gmail.com
  57. 57. a). Who says this to whom? These words were spoken by Holowaka, the messenger of God to earth to the snake when they met each other on Holowaka’s arrivalbabuappat@gmail.com to Earth.
  58. 58. b). What is the secret? When one grows old, weak and distressed they have to slip off their skin so that they will become young again. babuappat@gmail.com
  59. 59. c). Why would it change the life of mankind? Man will never have to grow old, weak or distressed. So it’s a change from present sorrowful condition of mankind. babuappat@gmail.com
  60. 60. d). Did the speaker do the right thing by telling the secret? No, the speaker didn’t obey God, but the fact remains that if he had not got anything to eat at least by then he would have died starving.babuappat@gmail.com
  61. 61. Think and Answer This section is to help the students to think independently and come out with an answer. So it will impart the power of imagination and free thinking to them. babuappat@gmail.com
  62. 62. 1. Which of the creatures that God created was He fond of the most? How do we know this? Human beings believe God likes them the most. Since he sent His messenger to Earth to help the human race we can believe so. babuappat@gmail.com
  63. 63. 2. Why was Holowaka told not to speak to anyone on the way? The secret Holowaka is carrying is useful only to the first person who hears it from him. This was why he was asked not to speak anyone else. babuappat@gmail.com
  64. 64. 3. If the snake had not slipped out of its skin what would have happened to Holowaka? He may not understand whether the secret works or not. Snake slipped out of its skin and became young again, so Holowaka was convinced of its efficacy. babuappat@gmail.com
  65. 65. 4. Write a brief character sketch of the snake. (Keep in mind his feelings towards man) ? Human beings whenever they see a snake will take a stick and beet it to death even if it’s a really harmless one. So snake hated the whole mankind. The snake is a wily old creature. He would expect something in return to each help he does to others. babuappat@gmail.com
  66. 66. 4. Was Holowaka reliable? Apparently he is not. Even then he has done it because he couldn’t bear the hunger any longer and he was going to die starving. So he wanted food very badly, he tried many other offers to the snake, but the snake was not agreeing to it. babuappat@gmail.com
  67. 67. 6. Was Holowaka simple or intelligent? Why do you think so? Holowaka was simple, he has fell to the wily nature of the snake. He was very much hungry and his wings ached. So we cannot say that he was cunning. babuappat@gmail.com
  68. 68. Create Listen to some sentences read out from the story in different ways. Listen carefully and say what tone/mood they indicate. As the sentences are read out, write the correct sentence number against each option. babuappat@gmail.com
  69. 69. Mockery What would I do with your tail, wear it on my head? “Pah, No thank you, I’ll be happy being on the ground.” babuappat@gmail.com
  70. 70. Persuasion Will you be kind enough to share the meat with me, dear snake? “Go on, tell me” babuappat@gmail.com
  71. 71. Suggestion “Come to me, you’ll eat , but I will have to coil you in my clutches so that you won’t fly away after you’ve eaten” babuappat@gmail.com
  72. 72. Order Holowaka I want you to fly to earth with my message to mankind. babuappat@gmail.com
  73. 73. Request Will you be kind enough to share the meat with me dear snake? babuappat@gmail.com
  74. 74. Complaint Holowaka laments, he has not been provided food to eat on his way to Earth. babuappat@gmail.com
  75. 75. Talk Time Holowaka returns to Heaven and breaks the news of his failure to deliver God’s message to the mankind. God is very angry; He starts shouting at Holowaka. Holowaka, on his part blames God for not providing him with food. And the argument continues. One of you will play Holowaka and another will play God. Enact this scene for your class. Make it as interesting as possible. babuappat@gmail.com
  76. 76. P h ra s e s f ro m t h e l e s s o n T i c k o n t h e c o r re c t m e a n i n g o f t h e p h ra s e . Faint with hunger: See something faint Feeling faint because of intense hunger Feeling full babuappat@gmail.com
  77. 77. S et f l i g ht to Boarded a flight Began a journey Started flying to babuappat@gmail.com
  78. 78. Te a r i n g ra ge Tearing up things around you Shedding tears great anger babuappat@gmail.com
  79. 79. R u m b l i n g w i t h h u n ge r Sound of rumbling of thunder Feeling very angry feeling very hungry babuappat@gmail.com
  80. 80. F i l l i n t h e b l a n ks 1. As winter approaches birds set flight to tropical lands 2. He never interferes in other people’s work. He likes minding his own. 3. By the time we reached the mountain peak we’re faint with hunger 4. When the boys lost the match the coach was in a tearing rage 5. The children came into the house after the mach with their stomach rumbling with hunger babuappat@gmail.com
  81. 81. A n s we rs 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. set flight to minding his own. faint with hunger tearing rage rumbling with hunger babuappat@gmail.com
  82. 82. Language Ladder Some passages are given in the following slides. Write it down neatly in your note books. Underline the following parts of speeches as instructed. babuappat@gmail.com
  83. 83. Nouns in Red Adjectives in blue Verbs in green Adverbs in yellow babuappat@gmail.com Instructions:
  84. 84. The Passage 1 ‘God sent me to tell man that when they felt weak and old, all that they had to do was to slip out of their skin…’ The snake was eager to see if the secret worked for him too. He slipped out of his skin and became youthful again. Meanwhile. When Holowaka felt the coils of the snake loosen around him, he seized his chance and quickly escaped to heaven. babuappat@gmail.com
  85. 85. Answer Key babuappat@gmail.com ‘God sent me to tell man that when they felt weak and old, all that they had to do was to slip out of their skin…’ The snake was eager to see if the secret worked for him too. He slipped out of his skin and became youthful again. Meanwhile, when Holowaka felt the coils of the snake loosen around him, he seized his chance and quickly escaped to heaven.
  86. 86. The Passage 2 babuappat@gmail.com People collect different things. Some are particular in what they collect. It could be old idols, locks, stamps, posters, letters or greeting cards. One old lady collected bags- bags of all kinds, from small bags to large ones.
  87. 87. Answer Key babuappat@gmail.com People collect different things. Some are particular in what they collect. It could be old idols, locks, stamps, posters, letters or greeting cards. One old lady collected bags- bags of all kinds, from small bags to large ones.
  88. 88. Auxiliary Verbs They are also called helping verbs; are used along with the main verb to form tenses and to express certain situations. The most common auxiliary verbs are: be, have and do. babuappat@gmail.com
  89. 89. Read the following sentences •I am entrusted with a great secret. •He is coming got meet me •He has lost the car keys •Where do you stay? All the above sentences have two verbs. Am, is, has and do are auxiliary verbs. And constructed, coming, lost and stay are the main verbs. babuappat@gmail.com
  90. 90. Auxiliary verbs can also be shortened. You have learnt that contractions use an apostrophe (‘) to indicate missing letters. For e.g.: Word I am I have You are He is I had They are It is Contraction I’m I’ve You’re He’s I’d They’re It’s babuappat@gmail.com
  91. 91. Negative Contractions When we make contractions using not, these are negative contractions, for e.g.: •He isn’t ready to listen to me (is not) •I haven’t finished this story yet (have not) babuappat@gmail.com •Holowaka didn’t trust the snake (did not)
  92. 92. Rewrite these sentences with negative contractions We have not decided what gift to buy for mother, They had not cancelled the trip to Trichy last week. The snake was not ready to help Holowaka The children are not playing in the park It is not right to break promises babuappat@gmail.com 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
  93. 93. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. We haven’t decided what gift to buy for mother, They hadn’t cancelled the trip to Trichy last week. The snake wasn’t ready to help Holowaka The children aren’t playing in the park It isn’t right to break promises babuappat@gmail.com Answers
  94. 94. Extend babuappat@gmail.com Sometimes we rewrite a story or poem in brief, highlighting only the central idea and the main point of action. In order to do this, we first write down the main idea of each paragraph using phrases/short sentences. We then put these together in a paragraph form using suitable conjunctions and connectors.
  95. 95. Rearrange the phrases and write them as complete sentences to form a paragraph that will tell us the story of how snakes came to shed their skin Holowaka God • Snake is eating an antelope • That’s how snakes came to shed their skin • Holowaka eats and then tells the secret to the snake • Holowaka flies for many days and is hungry and tired • Wants snake to share the food but the snake wants to know the secret • Holowaka escapes but secret remains with the snake • God unhappy with people’s discomfort at their old age • Calls Holowaka and gives him the message for the mankind • Secret is to slip off the skin and be young again babuappat@gmail.com Snake
  96. 96. Expanded babuappat@gmail.com God becomes unhappy over the distress of mankind at their old age. He wanted to give humankind a solution for this problem. Calls Holowaka- His messenger and gives him a secret message meant for mankind. Secret is to slip off their old skin and be young again. Holowaka flies for many days and reach earth hungry and tired. He smells meat and see a snake feasting on a dead antelope. Wants snake to share some food. The snake wants the secret in return. Holowaka eats the meat and tells the secret to the snake. Holowaka goes back but the secret remains with the snakes
  97. 97. babuappat@gmail.com Imagine you’re Holowaka. You are afraid to return to Heaven and face God. Write a letter of apology to God for not being able to carry out His order.
  98. 98. babuappat@gmail.com Most Revered Almighty, I hope you are doing well in heaven. I also am fine here on earth. I reached earth comfortably. The journey was more or less comfortable. But we forgot one thing when we set out to earth. Neither did I remember nor did you remind me to carry some food for myself. While I reached earth I was really tired and hungry. My hunger was too severe since I had not eaten a thing for days together. I went out looking for some food and I saw a snake feasting on a dead antelope. I begged for some food, but he was not ready to oblige. I offered him many things but he was not ready to accept. He was adamant that I should part the secret with him. Finally I had to do it. I was under the impression that I can tell it to men too. But I came to know it won’t work, since the message was meant for the first person who hear it from me. I and sorry, really sorry. I promise you I won’t commit this kind of a mistake any more. Please forgive me. Thanking you in anticipation of your blessing Yours faithfully Holowaka
  99. 99. Relate babuappat@gmail.com Find information about the following and discuss it in your class. You could also write an article using the information.
  100. 100. babuappat@gmail.com Are all snakes poisonous?
  101. 101. Whenever we see a snake we will get scared of it. We will immediately try to run away. Normally no snake will attack us. When hurt or frightened it may, but never for no reason. All snakes are not poisonous. Water snake, rat snake, python and a lot other such snakes are not poisonous. Anaconda the largest snake on earth also is not poisonous. Please don’t fear snakes, please don’t hurt them. Let them also live a full life on this earth. babuappat@gmail.com Are all snakes poisonous?
  102. 102. ? babuappat@gmail.com Do all snakes bite?
  103. 103. Do all snakes bite? babuappat@gmail.com They may bite, but all are not poisonous. No snake will bite a man for no reason
  104. 104. How do we help a person who has been bitten by a snake? babuappat@gmail.com All of us have to take a training on first aid measures. When a person is bitten by a snake we have to wash the site of bite with flowing water. We have to use a toilet soap; preferably a carbolic soap to wash the wound or site of bite. Then mop it to dry and cover the place with a tower or clean cloth. Never allow the person to walk, run or do any activity which requires physical exertion. Take him to a hospital immediately.
  105. 105. How do we help a person who has been bitten by a snake? babuappat@gmail.com All of us have to take a training on first aid measures. When a person is bitten by a snake we have to wash the site of bite with flowing water. We have to use a toilet soap; preferably a carbolic soap to wash the wound or site of bite. Then mop it to dry and cover the place with a tower or clean cloth. Never allow the person to walk, run or do any activity which requires physical exertion. Take him to a hospital immediately.
  106. 106. Vocabulary babuappat@gmail.com Mythical : myth·i·cal (mĭth′ĭ-kəl) also myth·ic (-ĭk)adj.1. Of or existing in myth: the mythical unicorn. 2. Imaginary; fictitious. 3. often mythic Of, relating to, or having the nature of a myth:
  107. 107. dis·tressed (dĭ-strĕst′)adj.1. Suffering distress: the distressed parents of wayward youths. 2. Damaged or previously used: distressed merchandise. 3. Having been foreclosed and offered for sale, usually at a price below market value: distressed real estate. 4. Intentionally marred or faded to convey an antique or used look: distressed furniture; distressed denim. babuappat@gmail.com Vocabulary
  108. 108. rum·ble (rŭm′bəl)v. rum·bled, rum·bling, rum·bles v.intr.1. To make a deep, long, rolling sound. 2. To move or proceed with a deep, long, rolling sound. 3. Slang To engage in a gang fight. v.tr.1. To utter with a deep, long, rolling sound. 2. To polish or mix (metal parts) in a tumbling box. n.1. A deep, long, rolling sound. 2. A tumbling box. 3. A luggage compartment or servant's seat in the rear of a carriage. 4. Slanga. Pervasive, widespread expression of unrest or dissatisfaction. b. A gang fight. babuappat@gmail.com Vocabulary
  109. 109. Vocabulary babuappat@gmail.com wee (wē)adj. we·er, we·est1. Very small; tiny. See Synonyms at small. 2. Very early: the wee hours of the morning.
  110. 110. Vocabulary babuappat@gmail.com mor·sel (môr′səl)n.1. A small piece of food. 2. A tasty delicacy; a tidbit. 3. A small amount; a piece: a morsel of gossip. 4. One that is delightful and extremely pleasing.
  111. 111. Vocabulary babuappat@gmail.com en·trust (ĕn-trŭst′) also in·trust (ĭn)tr.v. en·trust·ed also in·trust·ed, en·trust·ing also in·trust·ing, en·trusts also in·trusts1. To give over (something) to another for care, protection, or performance: "He still has the aura of the priest to whom you would entrust your darkest secrets" (James Carroll). 2. To give as a trust to (someone): entrusted his aides with the task.
  112. 112. con·sol·i·date (kən-sŏl′ĭdāt′)v. con·sol·i·dat·ed, con·sol·i·dat·ing, con·sol·i·dates v.tr.1. To unite into one system or whole; combine: consolidated five separate agencies into a single department. 2. To make strong or secure; strengthen: She consolidated her power during her first year in office. 3. To make firm or coherent; form into a compact mass. v.intr.1. To become solidified or united. 2. To join in a merger or union babuappat@gmail.com Vocabulary
  113. 113. rage (rāj)n.1.a. Violent, explosive anger. See Synonyms at anger. b. A fit of anger. 2. Furious intensity, as of a storm or disease. 3. A burning desire; a passion. 4. A current, eagerly adopted fashion; a fad or craze: when torn jeans were all the rage. intr.v. raged, rag·ing, rag·es1. To speak or act in violent anger: raged at the mindless bureaucracy. 2. To move with great violence or intensity: A storm raged through the mountains. 3. To spread or prevail forcefully: babuappat@gmail.com Vocabulary
  114. 114. hiss (hĭs)n.1. A sharp sibilant sound similar to a sustained s. 2. An expression of disapproval, contempt, or dissatisfaction conveyed by use of this sound. v. hissed, hiss·ing, hiss·es v.intr.To make a hiss: The audience booed and hissed. The teakettle hissed on the stove. v.tr.1. To utter with a hiss: 2. To express (a negative view or reaction) by uttering a hiss: The audience hissed its displeasure. babuappat@gmail.com Vocabulary
  115. 115. Hope you have understood the lesson very well THANK YOU babuappat@gmail.com Go back and read the lesson once again Think about how well you could comprehend
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