Ecology
35.1,35.8-35.11
2.6 - 2.92.11 - 2.12
Ecology
It takesall kinds(to make a world)
“...study of relationshipsthat living organisms havewith respect to each otherand their natural environment.”             ...
“...study of how organisms interactwith each other andwith their environment.”
How many speciesdoes it taketo grow an apple?
How many organisms are inone cubic meter of grassland soil?
Billions of bacteria10,000,000 nematodes45,000 earthworms48,000 miteshundreds of thousands ofprotozoa, algae and fungi
Niche
Habitat
“...the place wherean organism lives.”
Niche
“...a pattern of living.”
“...a particular biological role.”“...the sum total of all the ways[an organism] utilizes theresources of its environment.”
Principle ofCompetitiveExclusion
CharacterDisplacements
“...changes in competing speciesto reduce niche overlap.”
Competition
Intraspecific
Interspecific
Predation
Coevolution
Symbiosis
Mutualism
Commensalism
Demodex folliculorum
Parasitism
Levels ofEcologicalOrganization
http://www.goldiesroom.org/Note%20Packets/22%20Ecology/00%20Ecology--WHOLE.htm
IndividualPopulationSpeciesCommunityEcosystemBiomeBiosphere
Figure 2.14
Figure 2.15
Figure 38.9
Ecosystems Services
“Nature is working for you.”
Natural processes supporthuman activities.
http://www.good.is/post/how-can-we-put-a-value-on-ecosystem-services/
Worth at least$33,000,000,000,000collectively
Regulation of water forstorage and accessTreatment of waste                     Design                     is the         ...
Desalinization
2 kWh(11.5 Twinkies)1m   3 water(1,000L or 264 gallons)
plants1,500 worldwide             m 3 water15.3Billion per year     worldwide0.5% water demand
primary productivitydecompositionnutrient cycling (C, N, P, O, etc.)pollinationpurification of water and airdetoxification...
Example:Insect Pollination
100 trees25 people2 beehives
Insects transport pollenfrom plant to plant70% of flowering plantsrely on insect pollinationincluding 1/3of the foods and ...
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
Ecology
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Ecology

  1. 1. Ecology
  2. 2. 35.1,35.8-35.11
  3. 3. 2.6 - 2.92.11 - 2.12
  4. 4. Ecology
  5. 5. It takesall kinds(to make a world)
  6. 6. “...study of relationshipsthat living organisms havewith respect to each otherand their natural environment.” http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Ecology
  7. 7. “...study of how organisms interactwith each other andwith their environment.”
  8. 8. How many speciesdoes it taketo grow an apple?
  9. 9. How many organisms are inone cubic meter of grassland soil?
  10. 10. Billions of bacteria10,000,000 nematodes45,000 earthworms48,000 miteshundreds of thousands ofprotozoa, algae and fungi
  11. 11. Niche
  12. 12. Habitat
  13. 13. “...the place wherean organism lives.”
  14. 14. Niche
  15. 15. “...a pattern of living.”
  16. 16. “...a particular biological role.”“...the sum total of all the ways[an organism] utilizes theresources of its environment.”
  17. 17. Principle ofCompetitiveExclusion
  18. 18. CharacterDisplacements
  19. 19. “...changes in competing speciesto reduce niche overlap.”
  20. 20. Competition
  21. 21. Intraspecific
  22. 22. Interspecific
  23. 23. Predation
  24. 24. Coevolution
  25. 25. Symbiosis
  26. 26. Mutualism
  27. 27. Commensalism
  28. 28. Demodex folliculorum
  29. 29. Parasitism
  30. 30. Levels ofEcologicalOrganization
  31. 31. http://www.goldiesroom.org/Note%20Packets/22%20Ecology/00%20Ecology--WHOLE.htm
  32. 32. IndividualPopulationSpeciesCommunityEcosystemBiomeBiosphere
  33. 33. Figure 2.14
  34. 34. Figure 2.15
  35. 35. Figure 38.9
  36. 36. Ecosystems Services
  37. 37. “Nature is working for you.”
  38. 38. Natural processes supporthuman activities.
  39. 39. http://www.good.is/post/how-can-we-put-a-value-on-ecosystem-services/
  40. 40. Worth at least$33,000,000,000,000collectively
  41. 41. Regulation of water forstorage and accessTreatment of waste Design is the Problem
  42. 42. Desalinization
  43. 43. 2 kWh(11.5 Twinkies)1m 3 water(1,000L or 264 gallons)
  44. 44. plants1,500 worldwide m 3 water15.3Billion per year worldwide0.5% water demand
  45. 45. primary productivitydecompositionnutrient cycling (C, N, P, O, etc.)pollinationpurification of water and airdetoxification of soilmoderation of climatemitigation of floods and erosionmitigation of disease transmissionpest predationmaterials (dyes, fibers, rubbers, oils)medicinal substances
  46. 46. Example:Insect Pollination
  47. 47. 100 trees25 people2 beehives
  48. 48. Insects transport pollenfrom plant to plant70% of flowering plantsrely on insect pollinationincluding 1/3of the foods and beverageswe consume
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