Uk political system

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Uk political system

  1. 1.  The United Kingdom is governed within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in which the Monarch is the head of state & the Prime minister is the head of government, Executive power is exercised by Her Majesty's Government, on behalf of and by the consent of the Monarch, as well as by the devolved governments of Scotland and Wales, and the Executive of Northern Ireland.
  2. 2.  Legislative power is vested in the two chambers of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, the House of Commons and the House of Lords, as well as in the Scottish parliament and Welsh and Northern Ireland assemblies. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The highest national court is the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.
  3. 3.  The UK political system is a multi-party system. Since the 1920s, the two largest political parties have been the Conservative Party & the Labour Party. Before the Labour Party rose in British politics the Liberal Party was the other major political party along with the Conservatives.
  4. 4.  The UK political system is a multi-party system. Since the 1920s, the two largest political parties have been the Conservative Party & the Labour Party. Before the Labour Party rose in British politics the Liberal Party was the other major political party along with the Conservatives.
  5. 5.  Executive power in the United Kingdom is exercised by the Sovereign, Queen Elizabeth II, via Her Majesty‘s Government and the devolved national authorities - the Scottish Government, the Welsh Assembly Government and the Northern Ireland Executive.
  6. 6.  The UK Parliament is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom (i.e., there is parliamentary sovereignty), and Government is drawn from and answerable to it.
  7. 7.  Parliament is bicameral, consisting of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. There is also a devolved Scottish Parliament and devolved Assemblies in Wales and Northern Ireland, with varying degrees of legislative authority.
  8. 8. Today the UK has three distinct systems of law : English law, Northern Ireland law and Scots law.
  9. 9. Recent constitutional changes saw a new Supreme Court of the United Kingdom come into being in October 2009 that took on the appeal functions of the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords.
  10. 10.  The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, comprising the same members as the Supreme Court, is the highest court of appeal for several independent Commonwealth countries, the UK overseas territories, and the British crown dependencies.
  11. 11.  By: Apoorvo Chakraborty For more slideshare visit my profile: http://www.slideshare.net/a poorvo

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