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Gerunds And Infinitives
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Gerunds And Infinitives

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  • 1. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES
  • 2. Base form Vs Gerund Vs Infinitive
    • Base Form: Infinitive without TO
    • SHARE
    • Infinitive: always with TO
    • TO SHARE
    • Gerund: Base form+ING
      • SHARING
  • 3. BASE FORM
    • After some perception verbs such as HEAR, FEEL or SEE and the verbs LET and MAKE:
    I saw you leave home. My parents don’t let me stay out late
  • 4. GERUNDS
    • As a subject of a sentence:
    • After prepositions:
    Smoking kills. I thought of calling you, but it was late. After having lunch, they go to school.
  • 5. GERUNDS
    • As a Direct Object of certain verbs:
    • After certain expressions:
    Continue Miss Enjoy Prefer Finish Recommend Like/dislike Suggest Love/hate Can’t help Look forward to Can’t stand Spend (time) Feel like Don’t mind It’s no use Would mind Be/Get used to
  • 6. INFINITIVES
    • As a subject of a sentence (when we talk about a specific fact)
    • After some verbs:
    To smoke now would be rude. Agree Learn Appear/seem Manage Choose Plan Decide Promise Expect Refuse Hope Want/wish
  • 7. INFINITIVES
    • After certain adjectives and adverbs:
    • After Indirect Object of certain verbs:
    Busy Happy Ready Tired Slowly Fast Low High Advise Teach Invite Persuade Tell Warn
  • 8. VERBS FOLLOWED BY BOTH
    • Without change in meaning:
    • With change in meaning:
    Begin Propose Forbid Intend Start Stop Remeber Forget Regret
  • 9. STOP
    • STOP + GERUND:
    • To leave an habit
    • STOP + INFINITIVE:
    • To interrupt an action for doing something else
    You should stop smoking, it will kill you! Let’s stop here to have a drink!
  • 10. REMEMBER
    • REMEMBER + GERUND:
    • It refers to something done in the past
    • REMEMBER + INFINITIVE:
    • It refers to the future. We use it when we want to say sth immportant to somenone.
    I don’t remeber locking the door! You should remember to call Mr Jones to put off the meeting.
  • 11. REGRET
    • REGRET + GERUND:
    • To regret something from the past.
    • REGRET + INFINITIVE:
    • To make bad news public.
    She regrets breaking up with him. I regret to tell you that we don’t have any vacancy to be filled.
  • 12. FORGET
    • FORGET + GERUND:
    • To express that we’ve forgotten something which was done in the past.
    • FORGET + INFINITIVE:
    • To forget doing something.
    I forgot talking to you! (you talked, but you don’t remember) I forgot to call you on your birthday. (you didn’t call, so you didn’t remember)