Internet Governance: Why does it matter to Bangladesh?

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Paul Wilson's keynote presentation delivered at bdNOG 1 & APNIC Regional Meeting 3, in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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Internet Governance: Why does it matter to Bangladesh?

  1. 1. Internet Governance: Why does it matter to Bangladesh? Paul Wilson bdNOG 1 & APNIC Regional Meeting 3 23 May 2014
  2. 2. The Internet story… 1980 1983 1992 1998 1989 2000 1993 1999
  3. 3. It didn’t just happen… Standards development Registry management – IP and DNS Rootserver operation Network interconnection Cooperation By the way…
  4. 4. The story continues… 1980 1983 1992 2000 2006 20031998 2014 3B 2016 $4.2T 1989 1993 1999
  5. 5. The birth of “Internet Governance” • World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) • Geneva Phase 2002-3 – Internet recognised – “Internet Governance” became a key focus – Created WGIG – the Working Group on Internet Governance • Tunis Phase 2004-5 – WGIG report – “Internet Organisations” under a spotlight – Competing proposals and “solutions”
  6. 6. What did WSIS achieve? • Working definition of “Internet Governance” • Recognition of the “Multi-stakeholder Process” • Call for “Enhanced Cooperation” among Governments • Call for establishment of IGF: Internet Governance Forum – New type of multistakeholder forum within the UN system – 5-year mandate
  7. 7. Internet Governance Forum • IGF is the recognised global forum for IG discussions – “not for decision making, but for decision makers” • Open to all stakeholders, on an equal footing • Annual IGF Event – 8 so far, next Istanbul, Turkey – Up to 2,000 participants, many workshops and sessions. • Regional and national IGFs – APrIGF – Bangladesh IGF
  8. 8. More recent events…
  9. 9. Montevideo Statement • October 2013: Internet technical organizations met in Montevideo • Expressed concern about Internet fragmentation and loss of trust in the Internet • Called for – Progress on globalization of ICANN and IANA functions – Community-wide effort of Internet Governance challenges – More effort on IPv6 deployment • January 2014: APNIC EC endorsement 9
  10. 10. NETmundial • “Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance” – Principles – Roadmap • Output: “Multistakeholder Statement of Sao Paulo” – Unified addressing system – Open standards – Multistakeholder model – Strengthen IGF • Focus on the IANA oversight transition process
  11. 11. IANA Transition • March 2014: NTIA announcement and ICANN 49 (SG) – Transition of IANA oversight from USG to global community – Call for process to be developed – ICANN as facilitator • APNIC Process to be developed – “Cooperation SIG” proposed – Consultation sessions – Accountability review – APNIC Survey 2014 • For info and mailing list www.apnic.net/ianaxfer 11
  12. 12. IANA Transition 12
  13. 13. Why is this important to Bangladesh?
  14. 14. The Internet is Growing 150m114m Mobile Phone Penetration 36m Internet Penetration Population
  15. 15. Internet in Bangladesh
  16. 16. Internet in Bangladesh
  17. 17. An Open Internet drives Growth Technical + Skills + Policy Enablers Connectivity InnovationContent
  18. 18. Technical Considerations Internet built on IPv4 – but IPv4 is running out The open Internet requires IPv6 340 trillion trillion trillion addresses 24% online, 0.02% IPv6: An opportunity for BD
  19. 19. Skills Considerations Skilled networking professionals needed to build the Internet Shortage of 482,000 network professionals in AP by 2016 Increased training is vital to bridge this gap Sharing of knowledge and experience: bdNOG
  20. 20. Policy Considerations Creating an environment where the Internet can flourish Government Investment: a2i Program, IPv6? Industry can show leadership on Internet issues Embrace Bangladesh’s role on the global stage
  21. 21. Get involved! Take an interest in BD Internet discussions Work with Government - play your part as industry leaders Participate in IGF process See you soon!
  22. 22. You’re Invited! • APNIC 38: Brisbane, Australia, 9-19 Sep 2014 • APRICOT 2015: Fukuoka, Japan, 24 Feb-6 Mar 2015 22
  23. 23. Questions?
  24. 24. Thank you! Paul Wilson dg@apnic.net

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