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  1. 1. What is it?<br />Censorship<br />
  2. 2. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.<br />The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution<br />
  3. 3. The policy or practice of examining publications, television programmes, or other forms of communication with a view to suppressing or altering those that are considered unacceptable or offensive. <br />Definition<br />
  4. 4. Censorship comprises many methods of preventing the publication or dissemination of speech, printed matter, art, theater, music, electronic media, or other forms of expression.<br />
  5. 5.  Most common subjects that are censored<br />Religion<br />Politics<br />Sex<br />
  6. 6. Such expression is :<br />subversive<br />blasphemous <br />heretical<br />obscene<br />pornographic<br /> or otherwise offensive or harmful.<br />Usual Justification<br />
  7. 7. When does censorship happen?<br />Before Publication (prior restraint)<br />licensing and <br />prior review<br />After Publication<br />banning, burning, boycotting of the published product <br />fining, imprisonment, or the death penalty for the author or publisher.<br />
  8. 8. Public Libraries<br />Museums<br />Schools <br />Sites of Censorship<br />
  9. 9. The school library media program plays a unique role in promoting intellectual freedom.<br />Students and educators served by the SLM program have access to resources and services free of constraints resulting from personal, partisan, or doctrinal disapproval. <br />SLMS resist efforts by individuals or groups to define what is appropriate for all students or teachers to read, view, hear, or access via electronic means.<br />Library Bill of Rights<br />
  10. 10. Ray Bradbury and Censorship<br />There is more than one way to burn a book.You don&apos;t have to burn books to destroy a culture. Just get people to stop reading them.<br />
  11. 11. The development of each new medium of communication has brought with it efforts to censor that medium. <br />Internet censorship is the latest in that line, with authorities around the world trying more or less effectively to limit access to certain Web sites and information.<br />What&apos;s the Latest on Censorship<br />
  12. 12. So…can we just say and do anything that we want to?<br />Almost no one believes in absolute freedom of expression. <br />Libel, slander, and defamation are prohibited by nearly every legal code. <br />These prohibitions are not usually considered to be censorship, but rather a part of tort law.<br />
  13. 13. Who says &quot;it can&apos;t happen here&quot;? Scan current newspapers and magazines over a period of time for evidence that censorship of books and information goes on in 2010. <br />Cut out or make copies of the articles you&apos;ve found and put them on the Graffiti Wall.<br />Write one word about what you think censorship is.<br /> Write out one quote in your own handwriting from Ray Bradbury’s Coda to put on your Graffiti Wall. <br />Think about what you could do to prevent censorship and write a paragraph on your actions.<br />Look on the IRC SharePoint Site under “Documents for Students” and “Links for Students” for additional resources on censorship.<br /> Keep a log of all your activities: citation of your article in MLS form, your quote from the Coda, your paragraph on censorship.<br />What&apos;s next<br />
  14. 14. &quot;Access to Resources and Services in the School Library Media Program,&quot; American Library Association, May 29, 2007. http://www.ala.org/ala/aboutala/offices/oif/statementspols/statementsif/interpretations/accessresources.cfm (Accessed December 07, 2009) Document ID: 388497<br />Laursen, John Christian. &quot;Censorship.&quot; New Dictionary of the History of Ideas. Ed. Maryanne Cline Horowitz. Vol. 1. Detroit: Charles Scribner&apos;s Sons, 2005. 290-295. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Gale. Alabama School of Fine Arts (AVL). 7 Dec. 2009 &lt;http://go.galegroup.com/ps/start.do?p=GVRL&u=avl_fine&gt;.<br />Works Cited<br />
  15. 15. &quot;Censorship.&quot; Current Issues: Macmillan Social Science Library. New York: Macmillan Reference USA,2003. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. Alabama School of Fine Arts (AVL). 7 Dec. 2009&lt;http://find.galegroup.com/ovrc/infomark.do?&contentSet=GSRC&type=retrieve&tabID=T001&prodId=OVRC&docId=EJ3011400033&source=gale&srcprod=OVRC&userGroupName=avl_fine&version=1.0&gt;.<br />“censorship n.&quot;  A Dictionary of Psychology. Edited by Andrew M. Colman. Oxford University Press 2009. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press.  Alabama School of Fine Arts.  7 December 2009  &lt;http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t87.e1332&gt;<br />