Ancient civilizations
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Ancient civilizations

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This is a brief presentation on early civilizations. This is just an overview and should be used with supplemental materials for each individual civilization.

This is a brief presentation on early civilizations. This is just an overview and should be used with supplemental materials for each individual civilization.

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  • 1. Ancie nt C ivilizations Mesopotamia Egypt China Greece Indus River Valley
  • 2. Mesopotamia 6500 – 3100 B.C.E.Karl Musser. Tigris - Euphrates Watershed. 2005. Map. WikipediaWeb. 28 Jun 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesopotamia>.
  • 3. Location − Between Tigris and Euphrates River − Present Day Iraq − Known as the Fertile CrescentEmpires − Sumerian − Babylon − Assyrian
  • 4.  Important contributions − Wheeled Vehicles − Astronomy − Algebra − Geometry − First form of writing – cuneiform − Hammurabis Code – set of laws for society
  • 5. Ancient Egypt 3200 – 500 B.C.E.NASA Goddard. Egypt. 2011. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 28 Jun 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/gsfc/5635018418/>
  • 6.  Location − Nile River Valley − Mediterranean Sea Society − Pharaohs were divine rulers  Depended on viziers to supervise − Mummified bodies upon death  Believed in afterlife
  • 7.  Contributions − Tombs − Pyramidsjay8085. Pyramids at Giza. 2005. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 29 Jun 2012. <http:// www.flickr.com/photos/89649959@N00/5275093636/>.
  • 8. Ancient China Shang Dynasty: 1600 B.C.E. - Han Empire 220 C.E. Lamussa Design. Map of Shang Dynasty. 2009. Graphic. WikipediaWeb. 28 Jun 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shang_Dynasty>.
  • 9.  Location − Present day China − Dynasties shifted central location based on who had power − Tended to stay near rivers (Huang, Yangzi) Society − Social Classes (nobles, peasants) − Many nature gods and spirits were worshipped
  • 10.  ContributionsRitenour, Anita. Terra-Cotta Army. 2008. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 29 Jun 2012.<http://www.flickr.com/photos/puliarfanita/3456327439/>. Roantree, Dermot . Great Wall. 2004. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 29 Jun 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/21814742@N00/13414746/>.
  • 11. Ancient Greece 1750 – 133 B.C.E.Megistias. The Archaic Period in Greece. 2007. Graphic. WikipediaWeb. 28 Jun 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece>.
  • 12.  Location − North Mediterranean Sea − Aegean Sea − Balkan Peninsula Society − Very skilled seamen Government evolved  Monarchy to aristocracy to oligarchy to democracy − Polytheists – Many different gods and goddesses
  • 13.  Contributions − Literature  Homer − Democracy − Science − Philosophy  Aristotle, Plato, Socrates Cattiaux, Guillaume. Parthenon. 2008. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 29 Jun 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/gcattiaux/2349772226/>.
  • 14. Indus River Valley 3300 – 1300 B.C.E. M M. Indus Civilization. 2005. Graphic. WikipediaWeb. 28 Jun 2012.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Valley_Civilization>
  • 15.  Location − Northwestern India and Pakistan − Along fertile lands of Indus River ValleySociety − Two main cities  Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro − Major farmers − Polytheists – worshiped nature gods
  • 16.  Contributions − Uniform weights and measurements − Accurate time records − Dentistry − Used swastika before it became a symbol of hatred − Cremation
  • 17. Works CitedEllis, Elizabeth Gaynor, and Anthony Esler. World History: Connections to Today. 1st. Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1999. 35-125. Print. Mesopotamia"Mesopotamia." . British Museum. Web. 29 Jun 2012. <http://www.mesopotamia.co.uk/>. EgyptKinnear, Jacques. "Ancient Egypt Site." 30 Jun 2011. Web. 29 Jun 2012. <http://www.ancient- egypt.org/>. ChinaWikipedia contributors. "Shang Dynasty." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, Web. 29 Jun 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shang_Dynasty>. Greece"BBC: Primary History-Ancient Greece." . BBC, 2012. Web. 29 Jun 2012. <http://www.ancient-egypt.org/> Indus River ValleyWikipedia contributors. "Indus Valley Civilization." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 27 Jun 2012. Web. 28 Jun 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Valley_Civilization>.