Ancie nt C ivilizations    Mesopotamia    Egypt    China    Greece    Indus River Valley
Mesopotamia                      6500 – 3100 B.C.E.Karl Musser. Tigris - Euphrates Watershed. 2005. Map. WikipediaWeb. 28 ...
Location     −     Between Tigris and Euphrates River     −     Present Day Iraq     −     Known as the Fertile CrescentEm...
    Important contributions        −   Wheeled Vehicles        −   Astronomy        −   Algebra        −   Geometry      ...
Ancient Egypt                 3200 – 500 B.C.E.NASA Goddard. Egypt. 2011. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 28 Jun 2012.        <http...
    Location       −   Nile River Valley       −   Mediterranean Sea    Society       −   Pharaohs were divine rulers   ...
    Contributions        −    Tombs        −    Pyramidsjay8085. Pyramids at Giza. 2005. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 29 Jun 20...
Ancient China                Shang Dynasty: 1600 B.C.E.                    - Han Empire 220 C.E.    Lamussa Design. Map o...
    Location       −   Present day China       −   Dynasties shifted central location based on           who had power   ...
         ContributionsRitenour, Anita. Terra-Cotta Army. 2008. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 29 Jun 2012.<http://www.flickr.com/...
Ancient Greece                       1750 – 133 B.C.E.Megistias. The Archaic Period in Greece. 2007. Graphic. WikipediaWeb...
    Location       −   North Mediterranean Sea       −   Aegean Sea       −   Balkan Peninsula    Society       −   Very...
    Contributions       −   Literature                                Homer       −   Democracy       −   Science       ...
Indus River Valley                      3300 – 1300 B.C.E.   M M. Indus Civilization. 2005. Graphic. WikipediaWeb. 28 Jun ...
    Location       −   Northwestern India and Pakistan       −   Along fertile lands of Indus River ValleySociety       −...
    Contributions       −   Uniform weights and measurements       −   Accurate time records       −   Dentistry       − ...
Works CitedEllis, Elizabeth Gaynor, and Anthony Esler. World History: Connections to Today. 1st. Saddle    River, NJ: Pren...
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Ancient civilizations

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This is a brief presentation on early civilizations. This is just an overview and should be used with supplemental materials for each individual civilization.

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Ancient civilizations

  1. 1. Ancie nt C ivilizations Mesopotamia Egypt China Greece Indus River Valley
  2. 2. Mesopotamia 6500 – 3100 B.C.E.Karl Musser. Tigris - Euphrates Watershed. 2005. Map. WikipediaWeb. 28 Jun 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesopotamia>.
  3. 3. Location − Between Tigris and Euphrates River − Present Day Iraq − Known as the Fertile CrescentEmpires − Sumerian − Babylon − Assyrian
  4. 4.  Important contributions − Wheeled Vehicles − Astronomy − Algebra − Geometry − First form of writing – cuneiform − Hammurabis Code – set of laws for society
  5. 5. Ancient Egypt 3200 – 500 B.C.E.NASA Goddard. Egypt. 2011. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 28 Jun 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/gsfc/5635018418/>
  6. 6.  Location − Nile River Valley − Mediterranean Sea Society − Pharaohs were divine rulers  Depended on viziers to supervise − Mummified bodies upon death  Believed in afterlife
  7. 7.  Contributions − Tombs − Pyramidsjay8085. Pyramids at Giza. 2005. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 29 Jun 2012. <http:// www.flickr.com/photos/89649959@N00/5275093636/>.
  8. 8. Ancient China Shang Dynasty: 1600 B.C.E. - Han Empire 220 C.E. Lamussa Design. Map of Shang Dynasty. 2009. Graphic. WikipediaWeb. 28 Jun 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shang_Dynasty>.
  9. 9.  Location − Present day China − Dynasties shifted central location based on who had power − Tended to stay near rivers (Huang, Yangzi) Society − Social Classes (nobles, peasants) − Many nature gods and spirits were worshipped
  10. 10.  ContributionsRitenour, Anita. Terra-Cotta Army. 2008. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 29 Jun 2012.<http://www.flickr.com/photos/puliarfanita/3456327439/>. Roantree, Dermot . Great Wall. 2004. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 29 Jun 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/21814742@N00/13414746/>.
  11. 11. Ancient Greece 1750 – 133 B.C.E.Megistias. The Archaic Period in Greece. 2007. Graphic. WikipediaWeb. 28 Jun 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece>.
  12. 12.  Location − North Mediterranean Sea − Aegean Sea − Balkan Peninsula Society − Very skilled seamen Government evolved  Monarchy to aristocracy to oligarchy to democracy − Polytheists – Many different gods and goddesses
  13. 13.  Contributions − Literature  Homer − Democracy − Science − Philosophy  Aristotle, Plato, Socrates Cattiaux, Guillaume. Parthenon. 2008. Photograph. FlickrWeb. 29 Jun 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/gcattiaux/2349772226/>.
  14. 14. Indus River Valley 3300 – 1300 B.C.E. M M. Indus Civilization. 2005. Graphic. WikipediaWeb. 28 Jun 2012.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Valley_Civilization>
  15. 15.  Location − Northwestern India and Pakistan − Along fertile lands of Indus River ValleySociety − Two main cities  Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro − Major farmers − Polytheists – worshiped nature gods
  16. 16.  Contributions − Uniform weights and measurements − Accurate time records − Dentistry − Used swastika before it became a symbol of hatred − Cremation
  17. 17. Works CitedEllis, Elizabeth Gaynor, and Anthony Esler. World History: Connections to Today. 1st. Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1999. 35-125. Print. Mesopotamia"Mesopotamia." . British Museum. Web. 29 Jun 2012. <http://www.mesopotamia.co.uk/>. EgyptKinnear, Jacques. "Ancient Egypt Site." 30 Jun 2011. Web. 29 Jun 2012. <http://www.ancient- egypt.org/>. ChinaWikipedia contributors. "Shang Dynasty." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, Web. 29 Jun 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shang_Dynasty>. Greece"BBC: Primary History-Ancient Greece." . BBC, 2012. Web. 29 Jun 2012. <http://www.ancient-egypt.org/> Indus River ValleyWikipedia contributors. "Indus Valley Civilization." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 27 Jun 2012. Web. 28 Jun 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indus_Valley_Civilization>.
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