World History - Chapter 5
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World History - Chapter 5

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    World History - Chapter 5 World History - Chapter 5 Presentation Transcript

    • Classical Greece Chapter 5
    • What comes to mind when you think of ancient Greece?
    • Geography
      • Seas influenced Greece
        • Greeks became skilled sailors
        • trade for natural resources
      • Mountainous land
        • cover 3/4 Greece
        • small, independent communities developed
        • land transportation was difficult
    • Geography
      • Climate
        • mild temperatures support outdoor life
    • Mycenae
      • Mycenaeans : Group of Indo-Europeans that settled in southern Greece
      • Contact with Minoans
          • adapted Minoan writing system
          • Minoan designs on vases
      • forms base of Greek culture
    • Mycenae
      • Trojan Wars
          • Mycenaeans (Greeks) fought a 10 year war against the city-state of Troy
          • recent archaeological finds suggest it could be a true story
    • Mycenae
      • Mycenaeans replaced by Dorians
          • no written records exist from 1150-750bc
          • we know little about the Dorians
    • Mycenae
      • Spoken stories became popular
        • Homer : Greek storyteller
          • wrote epics : narrative poems that celebrate heroes
    • Mycenae
      • Greek myths
        • sought to understand the mysteries of nature and power of human passion
        • live on Mt. Olympus
          • Zeus : ruler of the gods
          • Athena : goddess of wisdom and guardian of cities (Athens)
    • Section 2 Review
      • City-states of Greece
        • Polis
        • Acropolis
        • Monarchy
        • Aristocracy
        • Oligarchy
    • Section 2 Review
      • Athens
        • Democracy
          • limited or more accepting at different times depending on ruler
    • Section 2 Review
      • Sparta
        • Military state
        • Helots
        • Values of pride, bravery, strength
    • Section 2 Review
      • Persian Wars
        • Phalanx
        • Battle of Thermopylae
        • Battle of Salamis
        • Delian League
    • The Golden Age of Athens
    • The Golden Age
      • Pericles and Athens
        • Three goals:
          • Strengthen democracy
          • Hold/strengthen empire
          • Glorify Athens
    • The Golden Age
      • Strengthen democracy
        • Paid more public officials
        • Increased number of citizens serving in govt.
        • Direct democracy : citizens rule directly
    • The Golden Age
      • 2. Strengthen empire
        • Took over Delian League
          • Used the League’s money to strengthen Athens’ navy
          • Dominated other members
    • The Golden Age
      • 3. Glorify Athens
        • Used League money to buy gold, ivory, marble
        • Paid artists/architects to create sculptures and buildings
    • Art and Drama
      • Classical art :
        • Graceful, beautiful, strong, perfect
        • Greek values in art:
          • Harmony
          • Order
          • Balance
          • Proportion
          • idealistic
    • Art and Drama
      • Drama
        • Greek built the first theaters
          • Tragedy : serious drama about love, hate, war, betrayal
            • Heroes have a tragic flaw
            • Darth Vader
          • Comedy : crude humor and slapstick
            • made fun of politics and Athenians
            • SNL
    • Modern Examples of Greek Stories and Epics
    • Art and Drama
      • Historians
        • Herodotus : wrote first book of history on Persian Wars
        • Thucydides : wrote works on basis that history repeats itself
    • Athens vs. Sparta
      • Peloponnesian War:
        • Sparta declared war on Athens
    • Greek Philosophers
      • Beliefs of the philosophers:
        • The universe is orderly, made up of unchanging laws
        • We can understand the universe by using logic and reason
    • Greek Philosophers
      • Sophists
          • Question traditional beliefs
      • Socrates
          • Question yourself, your values and actions
      • Plato
          • The Republic : philosopher-kings rule over a perfect society
      • Aristotle
          • Basis of scientific method for questioning the world and human belief
    • Alexander the Great
      • King Philip II of Macedonia
        • Macedonians thought they were Greek
        • Greeks did not
        • Philip II invaded Greece and ended Greek independence forever
    • Alexander the Great
      • Philip II murdered
        • Alexander, his son, declared himself the new king
        • Becomes known as “Alexander the Great” for his accomplishments
    • Alexander the Great
      • Defeating Persia
        • Taught by Aristotle, inspired by the Iliad
        • Alexander first proved he could defeat the Persians in the battle of Granicus River
        • Page 144
    • Alexander the Great
      • Moving South
        • Persian King Darius III was scared
          • Offered Alexander all Persian lands west of Euphrates
        • Alexander refused peace and marched into Egypt
          • Founded Alexandria
    • Alexander the Great
      • Moving East
        • Near ancient Nineveh, Alexander used the phalanx formation to cause Darius III to flee the battle
          • Marked the end of the Persian Empire
    • Alexander the Great
      • Alexander’s Defeat
        • Pursued Darius
          • Found him dead near the Caspian Sea
        • Continuing east, armies experienced hardship
        • Once defeating an army in the Indus Valley, Alexander agreed to return home
    • Alexander the Great
      • Alexander’s Defeat
        • At Babylon, Alexander died from illness
      • The Legacy
        • Empire split into three kingdoms
          • Antigonus
          • Ptolemy
          • Seleucus
    • Alexander the Great
      • The Legacy
        • Hellenistic culture :
          • Blending of Persian, Egyptian, Indian, and Greek cultures