0
Chapter 1 Sections 1 and 2
What is prehistory? History :  recorded information about beliefs, activities, and important events Prehistory :  the whol...
<ul><li>What can we learn about a society if we uncover these items? </li></ul>
Human Origins <ul><li>How do we discover info about people who lived before the invention of writing? (p.4) </li></ul><ul>...
“ In 1976, members of a team led by Mary Leakey discovered the fossilized footprints of human ancestors in Laetoli, Africa...
<ul><li>Hominids :  humans and other creatures that walk upright </li></ul><ul><li>“Lucy” </li></ul><ul><li>Pgs. 8-9 </li>...
The Old and New Stone Ages <ul><li>Paleolithic Age : 2.5 million to 8000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where archaeologists f...
<ul><li>Neanderthals </li></ul><ul><li>Homo sapiens , “wise men” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cro-Magnon </li></ul></ul></ul>...
<ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGYt83Ym8Gs </li></ul>
<ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>artifact </li></ul><ul><li>culture </li></ul><ul><li>hominid </li></ul><ul><li>Paleol...
Section 1  <ul><li>Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Why was the discovery of fire so  important? </li></ul>2.  Why ...
Section 2 <ul><li>“ Humans Try to Control Nature” </li></ul><ul><li>Page 15 </li></ul><ul><li>How did the “Ice Man’s” belo...
Humans Try to Control Nature <ul><li>Did more than just survive </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“I’m dying to be alive, not tryi...
<ul><li>Artistic Expression </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Necklaces, sculptures, cave paintings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ne...
Humans Try to Control Nature <ul><li>Rising temps and climate change worldwide provided longer growing seasons to support ...
<ul><li>Slash and burn farming :  </li></ul><ul><li>- cut trees/grasses and burn to  clear a field </li></ul><ul><li>-  th...
<ul><li>Where did the first farming begin? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iraq! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India </li></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Now humans lived in groups of the thousands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catal Huyuk, modern-day Turkey (8,000 yrs ago) <...
<ul><li>Benefits of living the new way </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large crop production possible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><u...
Section 2 <ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>- Nomads </li></ul><ul><li>-Hunter-gatherers </li></ul><ul><li>-Neolithic R...
Section 2 <ul><li>Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>1.  What kinds of tools would have  made survival easier for Cro-Mag...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

World History Chapter 1, Sections 1-2

17,342

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
17,342
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
98
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "World History Chapter 1, Sections 1-2"

  1. 1. Chapter 1 Sections 1 and 2
  2. 2. What is prehistory? History : recorded information about beliefs, activities, and important events Prehistory : the whole time period on earth before people recorded events in writing
  3. 3. <ul><li>What can we learn about a society if we uncover these items? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Human Origins <ul><li>How do we discover info about people who lived before the invention of writing? (p.4) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Artifacts : human-made objects, such as tools and jewelry </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From these they re-create early people’s culture , or way of life </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fossils </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. “ In 1976, members of a team led by Mary Leakey discovered the fossilized footprints of human ancestors in Laetoli, Africa. The footprints were formed 3.5 million years ago when at least two individuals walked over wet volcanic ash. The wet ash hardened like cement and was then covered by more ash.” pbs.org
  6. 6. <ul><li>Hominids : humans and other creatures that walk upright </li></ul><ul><li>“Lucy” </li></ul><ul><li>Pgs. 8-9 </li></ul>Human Origins
  7. 7. The Old and New Stone Ages <ul><li>Paleolithic Age : 2.5 million to 8000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where archaeologists find the oldest stone tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Also during the last Ice Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Australopithecines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homo habilis, Homo erectus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homo erectus, or “upright man” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First to develop technology : ways of applying knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet their needs (including fire and language) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The first to migrate from Africa (p.3) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Neolithic Age : 8,000 to 3,000 B.C. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Neanderthals </li></ul><ul><li>Homo sapiens , “wise men” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cro-Magnon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appear identical to modern humans, though about 5 feet, 1 inch tall </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Old and New Stone Ages
  9. 9. <ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGYt83Ym8Gs </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>artifact </li></ul><ul><li>culture </li></ul><ul><li>hominid </li></ul><ul><li>Paleolithic Age </li></ul><ul><li>Neolithic Age </li></ul><ul><li>technology </li></ul><ul><li>Homo sapiens </li></ul>Section 1 Cave paintings pages 12-13
  11. 11. Section 1 <ul><li>Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>1. Why was the discovery of fire so important? </li></ul>2. Why will specific details about the physical appearance and customs of early peoples never fully be known? 3. Which skill—toolmaking, the use of fire, or language– do you think gave hominids the most control over their environment?
  12. 12. Section 2 <ul><li>“ Humans Try to Control Nature” </li></ul><ul><li>Page 15 </li></ul><ul><li>How did the “Ice Man’s” belongings show an attempt to control his environment? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Humans Try to Control Nature <ul><li>Did more than just survive </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“I’m dying to be alive, not trying to just survive” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tools for Survival </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nomads : highly mobile people who moved in search of food; usually groups of 25 to 70 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hunter-gatherers : nomadic groups who depend on hunting animals and collect plants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Early modern humans created more than 100 different tools that made surviving easier </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Artistic Expression </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Necklaces, sculptures, cave paintings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Neolithic Revolution : agricultural revolution, the changes in human life resulting from the beginnings of farming </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Change from nomadic food-gathering to settled food-producers </li></ul></ul></ul>Humans Try to Control Nature
  15. 15. Humans Try to Control Nature <ul><li>Rising temps and climate change worldwide provided longer growing seasons to support population growth </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unlike hunting, provides a steady source of food </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Slash and burn farming : </li></ul><ul><li>- cut trees/grasses and burn to clear a field </li></ul><ul><li>- the ashes then fertilize the soil </li></ul><ul><li>Domestication : taming of animals either for slaughter or for work </li></ul>Humans Try to Control Nature
  17. 17. <ul><li>Where did the first farming begin? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iraq! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China (pg 17) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Once it began, however, the change took place in many places over the same period of time </li></ul>Humans Try to Control Nature
  18. 18. <ul><li>Now humans lived in groups of the thousands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catal Huyuk, modern-day Turkey (8,000 yrs ago) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5,000-6,000 people living in houses </li></ul></ul></ul>Humans Try to Control Nature
  19. 19. <ul><li>Benefits of living the new way </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large crop production possible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skilled workers can develop (pottery, weavers) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Drawbacks of living the new way </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural disasters could wipe out a settlement (floods, fire, drought, etc) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diseases can spread easily when living so close </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jealous neighbors or roving nomads can attack a wealthy village </li></ul></ul></ul>Humans Try to Control Nature
  20. 20. Section 2 <ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>- Nomads </li></ul><ul><li>-Hunter-gatherers </li></ul><ul><li>-Neolithic Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>-Slash and burn farming </li></ul><ul><li>-Domestication </li></ul>
  21. 21. Section 2 <ul><li>Critical Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>1. What kinds of tools would have made survival easier for Cro-Magnon? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Why do you think the development of agriculture occurred around the same time in several different places? </li></ul>
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×