The Lincoln Assassination
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The Lincoln Assassination

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The Lincoln Assassination The Lincoln Assassination Presentation Transcript

  • The Lincoln Assassination
  • Appomattox Court House, VA
    • April 9, 1865
        • General Robert E. Lee (Confederacy) surrenders to General Ulysses S. Grant (Union)
        • The Civil War is officially over, however, small battles still take place in the South
    Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant
  • Capturing Jefferson Davis
    • The last order given to Union troops was to capture Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy
    • Davis fled farther south with his Cabinet
  • “ Our American Cousin”
    • Five days after the surrender of General Lee Abraham Lincoln plans to attend a play at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C.
    • "Crook, do you know I believe there are men who want to take my life? And I have no doubt they will do it.....I know no one could do it and escape alive. But if it is to be done, it is impossible to prevent it."
    • Abraham Lincoln to bodyguard, William H. Crook, on April 14, 1865
  • “ Our American Cousin”
    • What Lincoln doesn’t realize is that a famous face at the theater will be the person who will take his life.
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • Booth was a Southern sympathizer.
    • There are many conspiracy theories surrounding his role in the assassination
        • Was he part of a secret service organization for the South?
        • Was he working on direct orders of Jefferson Davis?
    • All of the information we have says that Booth devised the assassination by himself, but with the help of a few friends.
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • Originally, Booth hoped to kidnap Lincoln
        • They would take him to Richmond and use him to bargain for Confederate prisoners of war
        • This plan never worked out for Booth
        • “ For six months we had worked to capture. But, our cause being almost lost, something decisive and great must be done.“
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • Samuel Arnold
        • Helped Booth with his kidnapping scheme
        • Was arrested and sentenced to life for being a part of the Booth conspiracy
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • Michael O’Laughlen
        • Conspired with Booth about the kidnapping of the President
        • Was in Washington, D.C. on the day of the assassination
        • No evidence connects him to the murder plot
        • Voluntarily surrendered himself to the authorities
        • Sentenced to life in prison
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • Edman Spangler
        • Accused of aiding Booth’s escape from Ford’s Theater after the assassination
        • Supposedly punched another theater worker in the face and told him not to inform the police about which way Booth went after leaving the theater
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • Lewis Powell
        • Involved in the kidnapping plot
        • Assigned to kill Secretary of State, William Seward
        • Arrived at the boardinghouse of Mary Surratt, mother of John Surratt, just as the police also arrived to arrest her
        • Sentenced to death by hanging for his role in the conspiracy and attempted murder
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • David Herold
        • Was to guide Lewis Powell to Seward’s house for the murder
        • Did not stay to help Powell escape
        • Met up with Booth and aided his escape until they were both captured by Union troops
        • Sentenced to death by hanging
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • Dr. Samuel Mudd
        • Introduced Booth to John Surratt
        • Set and splinted Booth’s broken left leg during his escape
        • Claimed not to recognize his patient as Booth
        • Sentenced to life in prison for conspiracy and aiding Booth
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • George Atzerodt
        • Was assigned to kill Vice- President Andrew Johnson
        • Most people think that he chickened out at the last minute
        • No attempt was made on Johnson’s life that night
        • Found guilty for conspiracy and sentenced to death by hanging
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • John and Mary Surratt
        • Mother and son
        • Most of the conspirators had stayed at the Surratt boardinghouse in the days leading up to the assassination
        • John Surratt escaped to Canada
        • Mary Surratt was arrested and found guilty for aiding the conspiracy– she was sentenced to death by hanging
          • She was the first woman to be executed by the U.S. government
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • John Wilkes Booth
        • Had been to a Lincoln speech the day before the assassination
        • Planned to shoot the President, then escape to the South where he thought he would be welcomed like a hero
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • John Wilkes Booth
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • John Wilkes Booth
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • John Wilkes Booth
  • John Wilkes Booth’s Plot
    • The co-conspirators:
      • John Wilkes Booth
        • Booth was on the run for almost two weeks
        • He was surrounded in a barn in Virginia
          • He refused to surrender, so Union troops tried to burn the barn down to force him out
          • A soldier named Boston Corbett shot Booth in the neck and he was pulled from the barn
          • Booth was paralyzed from the bullet-- just before he died, he looked at his hands and said “Useless, useless.”
  • The Booth Diary Conspiracy
    • When Booth died, the Union soldiers found a red address book on him that had been used as a diary.
        • There are missing pages
          • Anywhere from 14-86 pages has been guessed.
    • Booth’s last entry
  • Lincoln’s Funeral
    • Lincoln’s body traveled across the country from Washington, D.C. to his hometown of Springfield, where he remains today
  • Jefferson Davis
    • Nearly one month later, Davis was captured and the Confederate States of America were dissolved
  • Effects of the War
    • Ended the threat of secession
      • Although states’ rights is still an issue today
    • Income tax and National Bank Act
    • Slavery abolished– 13 th Amendment
    • Great human and economic costs
    • Red Cross
    • Photojournalism