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Maps, Landforms, And Climate
 

Maps, Landforms, And Climate

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    Maps, Landforms, And Climate Maps, Landforms, And Climate Presentation Transcript

    • Maps, Landforms, and Climate Physical Geography
    • Two Tools of Geographers
      • Globes (more accurate)
      • Maps
      • - all maps distort the earth in some way
      • Map projections: ways of showing the curved earth on a flat surface
      • Four main map projections
      • 1. Mercator Projection
      • 2. Peters Projection
      • 3. Interrupted Projection
      • 4. Robinson Projection
      Two Tools of Geographers
    • Map Projections
      • Mercator Projection
      • - the “big box”
      • - accurate near the equator
      • - land is distorted at the poles
    • Map Projections
      • 2. Peters Projection
      • - the rectangle
      • - correct areas of land and sea
      • - some continents appear longer than they really are
    • Map Projections
      • 3. Interrupted Projection
      • - correct areas of land and sea
      • - cuts out parts of oceans
      • - makes measuring distance impossible
    • Map Projections
      • 4. Robinson Projection
      • - the oval; most used
      • - correct sizes and shapes of land masses
      • - fairly accurate distances
      • - Distortions occur along the edges
    • Types of Maps
      • Physical - show topography : physical features of a place or region
      • Population - show how many people live in an area
      • Climate - show what the typical climate is like in an area
      • Political, etc.
      • Physical
      Types of Maps
      • Population
      Types of Maps
      • Climate
      Types of Maps
    • Major Landforms
      • Four major landforms
      • 1. mountains
      • 2. hills
      • 3. plateaus
      • 4. plains
      Rivers and lakes are NOT landforms! They are waterforms .
    • Climate
      • Climate : the average weather a place has over a period of 20 to 30 years (pg. 778)
          • What is the difference between climate and weather?
          • How can climate affect the way we live? (think about the 3 rd theme of geography- interaction )
    • Climate
      • Factors that affect climate
      • - latitude (how close to equator?)
      • - proximity to oceans
      • - oceans act as climate mediators
      • - elevation (height above sea level)
    • Review
      • 4 Map Projections
        • Mercator, Peters, Interrupted, Robinson
      • 3 types of maps
        • Physical, Population, Climate
      • 4 Major Landforms
        • Mountains, hills, plateaus, plains
      • Climate
        • Factors that affect climate