Maps, Landforms, And Climate
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Maps, Landforms, And Climate

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Maps, Landforms, And Climate Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Maps, Landforms, and Climate Physical Geography
  • 2. Two Tools of Geographers
    • Globes (more accurate)
    • Maps
    • - all maps distort the earth in some way
  • 3.
    • Map projections: ways of showing the curved earth on a flat surface
    • Four main map projections
    • 1. Mercator Projection
    • 2. Peters Projection
    • 3. Interrupted Projection
    • 4. Robinson Projection
    Two Tools of Geographers
  • 4. Map Projections
    • Mercator Projection
    • - the “big box”
    • - accurate near the equator
    • - land is distorted at the poles
  • 5. Map Projections
    • 2. Peters Projection
    • - the rectangle
    • - correct areas of land and sea
    • - some continents appear longer than they really are
  • 6. Map Projections
    • 3. Interrupted Projection
    • - correct areas of land and sea
    • - cuts out parts of oceans
    • - makes measuring distance impossible
  • 7. Map Projections
    • 4. Robinson Projection
    • - the oval; most used
    • - correct sizes and shapes of land masses
    • - fairly accurate distances
    • - Distortions occur along the edges
  • 8. Types of Maps
    • Physical - show topography : physical features of a place or region
    • Population - show how many people live in an area
    • Climate - show what the typical climate is like in an area
    • Political, etc.
  • 9.
    • Physical
    Types of Maps
  • 10.
    • Population
    Types of Maps
  • 11.
    • Climate
    Types of Maps
  • 12. Major Landforms
    • Four major landforms
    • 1. mountains
    • 2. hills
    • 3. plateaus
    • 4. plains
    Rivers and lakes are NOT landforms! They are waterforms .
  • 13. Climate
    • Climate : the average weather a place has over a period of 20 to 30 years (pg. 778)
        • What is the difference between climate and weather?
        • How can climate affect the way we live? (think about the 3 rd theme of geography- interaction )
  • 14. Climate
    • Factors that affect climate
    • - latitude (how close to equator?)
    • - proximity to oceans
    • - oceans act as climate mediators
    • - elevation (height above sea level)
  • 15. Review
    • 4 Map Projections
      • Mercator, Peters, Interrupted, Robinson
    • 3 types of maps
      • Physical, Population, Climate
    • 4 Major Landforms
      • Mountains, hills, plateaus, plains
    • Climate
      • Factors that affect climate