Japan
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Transcript

  • 1. Japan Physical Landscape, Culture and Traditions, History, and Current Issues
  • 2. Physical
    • Japan is an archipelago
    • Four main islands
      • Kyushu (closest to Korea)
      • Shikoku
      • Honshu (largest & most populous)
      • Hokkaido (most isolated)
  • 3. Physical
    • Forces of nature
      • Volcanoes (Ring of Fire)
      • Earthquakes
      • Typhoons
    Mt. Fuji
  • 4. Physical
    • Large population on a small portion of the land
    • Climate
      • The Pacific Ocean moderates Japan’s climate
        • Mild summers, mild winters
  • 5. Resources and Economy
    • Major crop is rice
    • Fishing is a big industry
    • Produce ¾ of food
      • Almost self-sufficient
    • Dependent on other countries for mineral resources (coal, oil, etc.)
  • 6. People and Culture
    • Isolation has made the Japanese ethnocentric
      • Japanese myth of creation
    • Homogenous society
  • 7. Early History
    • Feudal society
      • Local lords rule the land but are bound to higher lords
      • Class system of Japanese feudalism:
    Samurai : warrior knights The Emperor Commoners (peasants and merchants) This system continued until the 1800s, about the time that imperialism reached Asia.
  • 8. Japanese Traditions
    • Buddhism:
      • Believe anyone can achieve enlightenment through faith
      • Zen Buddhism : gain self-control through meditation and self-discipline
        • What the samurai follow
  • 9.
    • Shinto :
      • A form of animism , spirits also control natural events
      • Is a link between the people and the forces of nature
    Japanese Traditions
  • 10.
    • Confucianism:
      • Guides family life in Japan (respect)
      • Men are superior to women
      • Family members owe complete obedience to head of household
    Japanese Traditions
  • 11. Japan Today
    • After WWII, western customs and traditions began to gain popularity
      • Japan adopted western technology and forms of government
    • Through years of national unity and traditions of hard work and respect, Japan has become leading modern world power
  • 12.
    • There is a focus on high-tech industry
        • Particularly electronics (Sony, Panasonic, Sanyo, Mitsubishi)
    • One of the highest standards of living in the world
    Japan Today
  • 13. Current Issues
    • Urbanization has led to overcrowding in cities
    • Pollution
    • Labor shortage
        • Low birth rate
        • Aging population
  • 14. Review
    • Japan’s four main islands
    • Climate, Resources, and Economy
    • Feudal class system of Japan’s early history
    • Buddhism, Shinto, and Confucianism in Japan
    • Focus on high-tech industries
    • Current Issues