Imperialism To Today


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Imperialism To Today

  1. 1. China Imperialism, Development
  2. 2. Review Chapter 15 <ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name of Confucian teachings: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Analects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 relationships of society: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ruler and ruled </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Father and son </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Older brother and younger brother </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Friend and friend </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Husband and wife </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Review Chapter 15 <ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filial piety : the duty and respect that children owe their parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How is Confucianism a good basis for government and society? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How could there be problems with Confucianism? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Daoism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dao : the way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>According to Daoism, how should people live? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>According to this way of thinking, how to people naturally live? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What ensures order in a society? </li></ul></ul>Review Chapter 15
  5. 5. <ul><li>Where have soldiers traditionally ranked in the Chinese social classes? </li></ul><ul><li>Dynasties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shi Huangdi and uniting the empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Great Wall </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qin dynasty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Silk Road and civil service exams </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Han, Tang, and Song dynasties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mongol invasion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ming and Qing dynasties </li></ul></ul></ul>Review Chapter 15
  6. 6. Before and After
  7. 7. Imperialism <ul><li>During the age of imperialism, the Qing dynasty declined and the Industrial Revolution increased the strength of European nations </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Great Britain wanted to get involved with China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>British began trading opium in China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Chinese became addicted </li></ul></ul>Imperialism
  9. 9. Imperialism
  10. 10. <ul><li>Opium Wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Chinese government asked Great Britain to stop the trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The British refused </li></ul></ul>Imperialism
  11. 11. Imperialism <ul><li>Opium Wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>European victory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Superior military technology </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Imperialism <ul><li>Opium Wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Nanjing : ended the Opium wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Chinese were forced to accept British terms of surrender </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spheres of influence : areas in which a foreign country has special economic privileges </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Imperialism
  14. 14. Reform in China <ul><li>The Chinese wanted reform, with the hopes of kicking other nations out of China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learn the western way of life to control foreigners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rebellions and unrest lasted for half a century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many were supportive of reform, others resisted it </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Reform in China <ul><li>The Boxer Rebellion : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of a movement known as the “Righteous and Harmonious Society Movement” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fought against foreign influence in China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The rebellion was easily crushed by a coalition of foreign armies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Independence <ul><li>China became a republic in 1911 (western reform) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Development <ul><li>Communist China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mao Zedong , leader of the Chinese Communist party from 1931-1959 </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Communism (Karl Marx) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To become a communist nation, it must happen naturally </li></ul></ul>Development
  19. 19. <ul><li>By 1949, Mao was encouraging farmers and peasants to rebel against the current Chinese government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proletariat : lower working class </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Appeal of Mao Zedong’s Communism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appealed to the poor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promised to end oppression by the government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Denounced imperialism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vowed to make China a leading world power </li></ul></ul></ul>Development
  20. 20. <ul><li>Corruption in the communist government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Totalitarian state : government controls every aspect of its citizens’ lives through a dictatorship </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“The Great Leap Forward” </li></ul>Development
  21. 21. <ul><li>Under Mao, China restored order and ended foreign influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mao died in 1976 </li></ul></ul>Development
  22. 22. <ul><li>Mao’s successors attempted to follow his example in making China a world power: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Four Modernizations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modernize agriculture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expand industry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop science and technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrade China’s military </li></ul></ul></ul>Development
  23. 23. <ul><li>In making China a world power, they have sacrificed some of Mao’s utopian communist ideals </li></ul><ul><li>Growing discontent led to the Tiananmen Square Protests (1989) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students gathered to protest for liberty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The government’s army killed or wounded thousands </li></ul></ul>Development
  24. 24. China Today <ul><li>The media exposure of the 1989 freedom protests put pressure on the Chinese government to reform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China has been more lenient with its economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modern computer technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better relations with other countries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>China has modernized and become a leading world power </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Still, the Chinese people lack many freedoms of the people in other nations </li></ul><ul><li>But, much of the world is not helping … </li></ul>China Today
  26. 26. Review <ul><li>Qing dynasty was the last Chinese dynasty before imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Opium Wars </li></ul><ul><li>Half a century of rebellion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boxer Rebellion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mao Zedong and Communist China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeal of communism, why it has failed in some respects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China is modernizing and changing </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opium Wars, spheres of influence, Boxer Rebellion, Mao Zedong, proletariat, totalitarian state, Great Leap Forward, Four Modernizations, Tiananmen Square Protests </li></ul></ul>Review