Imperialism To Development
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Imperialism To Development

on

  • 1,810 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,810
Views on SlideShare
1,809
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
15
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.slideshare.net 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Imperialism To Development Imperialism To Development Presentation Transcript

  • Latin America Imperialism, Independence, Development
  • Imperialism
    • Spain and Portugal were competing for land in the Americas (1400-1600s)
      • Treaty of Tordesillas : drew a “line of demarcation” (p. 459)
    • Spanish rule
      • Set up colonies to enrich the homeland
      • Exported tons of gold and silver
      • Plantations: bananas and sugar
        • Natives were forced to mine and farm
    Imperialism
    • Encomiendas: the right to demand labor and/or taxes from natives
    • Haciendas : large plantations
    • Natives began dying too quickly from disease and being overworked
        • The Spanish turned to African slave labor
    Imperialism
  • A Sugar Hacienda (1823)
  • Imperialism
    • Portuguese rule in Brazil
      • Sugar and slavery
      • Effects of Portuguese imperialism can still be found today
    • Class system
        • Peninsulares : officials sent from Spain to rule
        • Creoles : American born descendents of Spanish
        • Mestizos : mixed European, Indian descent
        • Native Americans
        • Free Africans
        • Slaves
    Imperialism
    • Roman Catholic Church
      • Missionaries converted many natives
    Imperialism
    • During the 18 th century, the European Enlightenment spread to South America through the Spanish and Portuguese
        • Ideas of natural rights to life, liberty, and property
        • People had the right to rebel against unjust rulers
    • Creoles believed that they did the most for the colonies and should be in charge of them
    Independence
    • Simon Bolivar
      • Creole who fought to liberate Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru from Spain
      • Also freed Bolivia, which was later named after him
    Independence
    • Jose de San Martin
      • Liberated Argentina and Chile
    Independence
    • Both Mexico and Brazil fought long, bloody wars for independence during the early 19 th century
    Independence The 1810-1821 Mexican war for independence was initiated under father Miguel Hidalgo y Costillo. He sought a united front of Mexicans against the Spaniards. The multiple class, race, and ethnic coalition which Hidalgo envisioned is depicted the the mural by the radical 20th Century artist, Juan O'Gorman
  • Development
    • Following the wars of independence throughout Latin America, many countries faced overcoming colonial legacies
    • In order to develop, Latin American people have had to unite and work toward common goals, however, that has been difficult.
    Development
    • Obstacles to Stability in Latin America:
      • Geographic barriers and border disputes
      • Remnants of the social class system
      • No experience in setting up and running own governments
      • Caudillos : military leaders who have seized the opportunity presented by weak governments to gain power and rule as dictators
    Development
  • Review
    • Vocabulary
        • Treaty of Tordesillas
        • Encomiendas
        • Haciendas
        • Peninsulares
        • Creoles
    • Wars for independence
    • Obstacles to stability and development