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East Asia Physical
 

East Asia Physical

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    East Asia Physical East Asia Physical Presentation Transcript

    • East Asia Physical China’s Physical Features
      • “ Discover China”
    •  
    • East Asia
    • East Asia
      • China’s landforms and climate are the most similar to the U.S. of any other region
          • Land area
          • Rain shadows
          • Where the population lives
      • Two major regions:
        • The Heartland
          • North China
          • South China
        • Outlying Regions
          • Northeast
          • Mongolia
          • Xinjiang
          • Xizang
      East Asia
      • The Heartland
        • North China
          • Hot summers, cold winters
          • Wheat, millet
          • Beijing
        • South China
          • Rich farming land
          • Mild, humid climate
      Major Regions
      • The Outlying Regions
        • Northeast
          • Cold climate, low population
          • Government is trying to develop this region
      Major Regions
      • The Outlying Regions
        • Mongolia
          • Gobi Desert
      Major Regions
      • The Outlying Regions
        • Xinjiang
          • Rich in oil
      Major Regions
      • The Outlying Regions
        • Xizang (Tibet)
          • Also known as “Tibet”
          • Mountain ranges
            • Himalayas
      Major Regions
      • 1/5 of the world’s population is in China
        • Most are located in the eastern part of the country
          • They live where they can find land to support them
        • Terraced hills and mountains for agriculture (page 325)
      Population
    • Population
    • Population
      • Physical barriers in China cover 80% of the country
        • Gobi Desert
        • Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus
        • Himalayan Mountains
      Population
    • Rivers
      • Three important rivers in China
        • Huang Hi (Yellow) River
        • Yangzi (Yangtze) River
        • Xi Jiang
      • Huang He (Yellow) River
          • Loess : yellow-brown soil that gives the river its name
          • Prone to severe flooding
          • “ muddiest river in the world”
      Rivers
      • Yangzi (Yangtze) River
          • Important for trade
          • Three Gorges Dam :
            • Provides hydroelectric power and controls flooding
            • Problems with the dam:
              • Its construction flooded valuable farmland
              • Caused people to have to leave their homes
              • Flooded ancient cities and landmarks
      Rivers
    • Rivers
      • Yangzi (Yangtze) River
          • China’s largest waterway, 3 rd longest in the world
      • Yangzi (Yangtze) River
          • Three Gorges Dam satellite image (before and after)
    •  
      • “Great Wall Across the Yangtze” Controversy
      • View from the top
      • Xi Jiang
          • Important for farming
            • Good climate, water, and soil
      Rivers
    • Culture
      • Most people are Han
          • Ethnic Chinese
          • Also, Li, Zhuang, Shui, Tibetan, Mongols, etc.
      • Mandarin Chinese is the official language
          • Also Wu, Cantonese, Xiang, Taiwanese, etc.
    • Government
      • Underlying beliefs about government
        • Mandate of Heaven : belief that heaven grants a ruler the right to rule
          • People owe their leader complete loyalty in return for their protection
      • Until the age of imperialism, China was ruled by:
        • Dynasties : ruling families
    • Review
      • Major Regions
        • Heartland: North China, South China
        • Outlying Regions: Northeast, Mongolia, Xinjiang, Xizang (Tibet)
      • Population
      • 3 Important Rivers
        • Huang He (Yellow), Yangtze, Xi Jiang
      • Culture: Han and Mandarin Chinese
      • Government
      • Vocabulary:
          • Loess, Three Gorges Dam, Han, Mandarin Chinese, Mandate of Heaven, Dynasty
      Review