East Asia Physical

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East Asia Physical

  1. 1. East Asia Physical China’s Physical Features <ul><li>“ Discover China” </li></ul>
  2. 3. East Asia
  3. 4. East Asia <ul><li>China’s landforms and climate are the most similar to the U.S. of any other region </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land area </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rain shadows </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where the population lives </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Two major regions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Heartland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>North China </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>South China </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlying Regions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Northeast </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mongolia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Xinjiang </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Xizang </li></ul></ul></ul>East Asia
  5. 6. <ul><li>The Heartland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hot summers, cold winters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat, millet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Beijing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rich farming land </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mild, humid climate </li></ul></ul></ul>Major Regions
  6. 7. <ul><li>The Outlying Regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northeast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cold climate, low population </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Government is trying to develop this region </li></ul></ul></ul>Major Regions
  7. 8. <ul><li>The Outlying Regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mongolia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gobi Desert </li></ul></ul></ul>Major Regions
  8. 9. <ul><li>The Outlying Regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Xinjiang </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rich in oil </li></ul></ul></ul>Major Regions
  9. 10. <ul><li>The Outlying Regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Xizang (Tibet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also known as “Tibet” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mountain ranges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Himalayas </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Major Regions
  10. 11. <ul><li>1/5 of the world’s population is in China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most are located in the eastern part of the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They live where they can find land to support them </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Terraced hills and mountains for agriculture (page 325) </li></ul></ul>Population
  11. 12. Population
  12. 13. Population
  13. 14. <ul><li>Physical barriers in China cover 80% of the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gobi Desert </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mongolian and Tibetan Plateaus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Himalayan Mountains </li></ul></ul>Population
  14. 15. Rivers <ul><li>Three important rivers in China </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huang Hi (Yellow) River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yangzi (Yangtze) River </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xi Jiang </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Huang He (Yellow) River </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loess : yellow-brown soil that gives the river its name </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prone to severe flooding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ muddiest river in the world” </li></ul></ul></ul>Rivers
  16. 17. <ul><li>Yangzi (Yangtze) River </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Important for trade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three Gorges Dam : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides hydroelectric power and controls flooding </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Problems with the dam: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Its construction flooded valuable farmland </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Caused people to have to leave their homes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flooded ancient cities and landmarks </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Rivers
  17. 18. Rivers <ul><li>Yangzi (Yangtze) River </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>China’s largest waterway, 3 rd longest in the world </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Yangzi (Yangtze) River </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three Gorges Dam satellite image (before and after) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>“Great Wall Across the Yangtze” Controversy </li></ul><ul><li>View from the top </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>Xi Jiang </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Important for farming </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Good climate, water, and soil </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Rivers
  21. 23. Culture <ul><li>Most people are Han </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnic Chinese </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also, Li, Zhuang, Shui, Tibetan, Mongols, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mandarin Chinese is the official language </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Also Wu, Cantonese, Xiang, Taiwanese, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 24. Government <ul><li>Underlying beliefs about government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandate of Heaven : belief that heaven grants a ruler the right to rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People owe their leader complete loyalty in return for their protection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Until the age of imperialism, China was ruled by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynasties : ruling families </li></ul></ul>
  23. 25. Review <ul><li>Major Regions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heartland: North China, South China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlying Regions: Northeast, Mongolia, Xinjiang, Xizang (Tibet) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>3 Important Rivers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huang He (Yellow), Yangtze, Xi Jiang </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture: Han and Mandarin Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>Vocabulary: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loess, Three Gorges Dam, Han, Mandarin Chinese, Mandate of Heaven, Dynasty </li></ul></ul></ul>Review

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