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American History Chapter 4, S 1 and 2
 

American History Chapter 4, S 1 and 2

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    American History Chapter 4, S 1 and 2 American History Chapter 4, S 1 and 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Tensions Between the Colonies and Britain Ch. 3, Section 4 Ch. 4, Sections 1 and 2
    • French and Indian War
      • France was Britain’s greatest rival in North America
      • French had alliances with major native tribes of the midwest (Huron, Ottawa, Ojibwe)
          • Built Fort Duquesne in present day Pittsburgh, but there was a problem
          • British granted that land to planters
      French and Indian War
      • British sent George Washington and VA militia to drive the French out
        • Built Fort Necessity
        • Forced to surrender during French counter-attack
        • Beginning of French and Indian War
      French and Indian War
      • Gen. Edward Braddock defeated by French guerrilla warfare at first
      • William Pitt borrowed a heap of money and began winning
          • Iroquois (one of biggest native alliances) joined British
      French and Indian War
      • French driven to Quebec City
      • British won by scaling cliffs around Quebec and taking the French by surprise
      French and Indian War
      • Treaty of Paris (1763): ended the war with France
          • Great Britain received Canada and most of North America, including Florida from France’s ally Spain
      French and Indian War
      • To fight native resistance:
        • Brits gave two small pox blankets to natives during peace negotiations
        • To avoid major battles, Proclamation of 1763
      French and Indian War
    • Problems Resulting from War
      • Brits left 10,000 troops for colonists’ safety
      • Britain raises taxes to pay for its war debts
        • Writs of assistance: could search any building or ship for suspected smuggled goods
      • Sugar Act
        • Smugglers tried with one judge, no jury
        • Claimed rights being violated b/c no representation in Parliament
    • American Revolution
      • 1. Stamp Act (1765):
        • Had to buy special stamped paper for everything
        • Still paying back debts
        • Colonists realized British interests not same as their own
      • The Sons of Liberty :
          • Harassed colonial officials and stamp agents
          • Assemblies made own taxes and defied Brit. Laws
          • Boycott British goods
        • Declaration of Rights and Grievances :
          • “no taxation without representation”
        • 1766, Stamp Act repealed
      American Revolution
      • 2. Townshend Acts (1767):
        • Taxes on imports and tea
        • British troops stationed in Boston to stop smuggling
      American Revolution
      • Boston Massacre (1770)
          • Presence of soldiers created hostility
          • Mob gathered in Boston Square to taunt guards
          • British soldiers fired into crowd, killing 5 colonists
      American Revolution
      • Townshend Acts repealed except for tea tax
        • Committees of correspondence: communication between colonies about threats to American liberties
      American Revolution
      • Boston Tea Party (1773):
          • Disguised as natives dumped 15,000 lbs. of tea dumped into harbor
      American Revolution
      • Intolerable Acts (1774):
        • King George singled out Massachusetts for punishment
          • Shut down Boston Harbor, Quartering Act , martial law (rule by military force)
      American Revolution
    • American Revolution
      • First Continental Congress assembled to discuss colonial rights
        • Colonists begin to stockpile weapons
    • American Revolution
      • Fighting at Lexington and Concord (1775)
        • General Gage sent troops to Concord to seize colonial weapons
          • Paul Revere and others spread the word that troops are coming
    • American Revolution
      • Battle of Lexington lasted 15 minutes, 8 colonists killed
      • At Concord, thousands of colonial minutemen defeated British troops
      • Now enemies