American History Chapter 4, S 1 and 2
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American History Chapter 4, S 1 and 2

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American History Chapter 4, S 1 and 2 American History Chapter 4, S 1 and 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Tensions Between the Colonies and Britain Ch. 3, Section 4 Ch. 4, Sections 1 and 2
  • French and Indian War
    • France was Britain’s greatest rival in North America
    • French had alliances with major native tribes of the midwest (Huron, Ottawa, Ojibwe)
        • Built Fort Duquesne in present day Pittsburgh, but there was a problem
        • British granted that land to planters
    French and Indian War
    • British sent George Washington and VA militia to drive the French out
      • Built Fort Necessity
      • Forced to surrender during French counter-attack
      • Beginning of French and Indian War
    French and Indian War
    • Gen. Edward Braddock defeated by French guerrilla warfare at first
    • William Pitt borrowed a heap of money and began winning
        • Iroquois (one of biggest native alliances) joined British
    French and Indian War
    • French driven to Quebec City
    • British won by scaling cliffs around Quebec and taking the French by surprise
    French and Indian War
    • Treaty of Paris (1763): ended the war with France
        • Great Britain received Canada and most of North America, including Florida from France’s ally Spain
    French and Indian War
    • To fight native resistance:
      • Brits gave two small pox blankets to natives during peace negotiations
      • To avoid major battles, Proclamation of 1763
    French and Indian War
  • Problems Resulting from War
    • Brits left 10,000 troops for colonists’ safety
    • Britain raises taxes to pay for its war debts
      • Writs of assistance: could search any building or ship for suspected smuggled goods
    • Sugar Act
      • Smugglers tried with one judge, no jury
      • Claimed rights being violated b/c no representation in Parliament
  • American Revolution
    • 1. Stamp Act (1765):
      • Had to buy special stamped paper for everything
      • Still paying back debts
      • Colonists realized British interests not same as their own
    • The Sons of Liberty :
        • Harassed colonial officials and stamp agents
        • Assemblies made own taxes and defied Brit. Laws
        • Boycott British goods
      • Declaration of Rights and Grievances :
        • “no taxation without representation”
      • 1766, Stamp Act repealed
    American Revolution
    • 2. Townshend Acts (1767):
      • Taxes on imports and tea
      • British troops stationed in Boston to stop smuggling
    American Revolution
    • Boston Massacre (1770)
        • Presence of soldiers created hostility
        • Mob gathered in Boston Square to taunt guards
        • British soldiers fired into crowd, killing 5 colonists
    American Revolution
    • Townshend Acts repealed except for tea tax
      • Committees of correspondence: communication between colonies about threats to American liberties
    American Revolution
    • Boston Tea Party (1773):
        • Disguised as natives dumped 15,000 lbs. of tea dumped into harbor
    American Revolution
    • Intolerable Acts (1774):
      • King George singled out Massachusetts for punishment
        • Shut down Boston Harbor, Quartering Act , martial law (rule by military force)
    American Revolution
  • American Revolution
    • First Continental Congress assembled to discuss colonial rights
      • Colonists begin to stockpile weapons
  • American Revolution
    • Fighting at Lexington and Concord (1775)
      • General Gage sent troops to Concord to seize colonial weapons
        • Paul Revere and others spread the word that troops are coming
  • American Revolution
    • Battle of Lexington lasted 15 minutes, 8 colonists killed
    • At Concord, thousands of colonial minutemen defeated British troops
    • Now enemies