American History Chapter 4, S 1 and 2


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American History Chapter 4, S 1 and 2

  1. 1. Tensions Between the Colonies and Britain Ch. 3, Section 4 Ch. 4, Sections 1 and 2
  2. 2. French and Indian War <ul><li>France was Britain’s greatest rival in North America </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>French had alliances with major native tribes of the midwest (Huron, Ottawa, Ojibwe) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Built Fort Duquesne in present day Pittsburgh, but there was a problem </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>British granted that land to planters </li></ul></ul></ul>French and Indian War
  4. 4. <ul><li>British sent George Washington and VA militia to drive the French out </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built Fort Necessity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced to surrender during French counter-attack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning of French and Indian War </li></ul></ul>French and Indian War
  5. 5. <ul><li>Gen. Edward Braddock defeated by French guerrilla warfare at first </li></ul><ul><li>William Pitt borrowed a heap of money and began winning </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Iroquois (one of biggest native alliances) joined British </li></ul></ul></ul>French and Indian War
  6. 6. <ul><li>French driven to Quebec City </li></ul><ul><li>British won by scaling cliffs around Quebec and taking the French by surprise </li></ul>French and Indian War
  7. 7. <ul><li>Treaty of Paris (1763): ended the war with France </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Great Britain received Canada and most of North America, including Florida from France’s ally Spain </li></ul></ul></ul>French and Indian War
  8. 8. <ul><li>To fight native resistance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brits gave two small pox blankets to natives during peace negotiations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To avoid major battles, Proclamation of 1763 </li></ul></ul>French and Indian War
  9. 9. Problems Resulting from War <ul><li>Brits left 10,000 troops for colonists’ safety </li></ul><ul><li>Britain raises taxes to pay for its war debts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Writs of assistance: could search any building or ship for suspected smuggled goods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sugar Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smugglers tried with one judge, no jury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed rights being violated b/c no representation in Parliament </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. American Revolution <ul><li>1. Stamp Act (1765): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had to buy special stamped paper for everything </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still paying back debts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists realized British interests not same as their own </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The Sons of Liberty : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Harassed colonial officials and stamp agents </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Assemblies made own taxes and defied Brit. Laws </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boycott British goods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Declaration of Rights and Grievances : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“no taxation without representation” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1766, Stamp Act repealed </li></ul></ul>American Revolution
  12. 12. <ul><li>2. Townshend Acts (1767): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes on imports and tea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British troops stationed in Boston to stop smuggling </li></ul></ul>American Revolution
  13. 13. <ul><li>Boston Massacre (1770) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presence of soldiers created hostility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mob gathered in Boston Square to taunt guards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>British soldiers fired into crowd, killing 5 colonists </li></ul></ul></ul>American Revolution
  14. 14. <ul><li>Townshend Acts repealed except for tea tax </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Committees of correspondence: communication between colonies about threats to American liberties </li></ul></ul>American Revolution
  15. 15. <ul><li>Boston Tea Party (1773): </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disguised as natives dumped 15,000 lbs. of tea dumped into harbor </li></ul></ul></ul>American Revolution
  16. 16. <ul><li>Intolerable Acts (1774): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King George singled out Massachusetts for punishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shut down Boston Harbor, Quartering Act , martial law (rule by military force) </li></ul></ul></ul>American Revolution
  17. 17. American Revolution <ul><li>First Continental Congress assembled to discuss colonial rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists begin to stockpile weapons </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. American Revolution <ul><li>Fighting at Lexington and Concord (1775) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General Gage sent troops to Concord to seize colonial weapons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paul Revere and others spread the word that troops are coming </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. American Revolution <ul><li>Battle of Lexington lasted 15 minutes, 8 colonists killed </li></ul><ul><li>At Concord, thousands of colonial minutemen defeated British troops </li></ul><ul><li>Now enemies </li></ul>