Science, Technology, and Education Chapter 16
Turn of the Century
Today… <ul><li>Technological advances and urban planning </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies and how they improved life </l...
Growing Cities Technological advances created a need for better urban planning
Participation #1 <ul><li>“ I was largely induced to think over the matter from seeing the difficulty and pain the horses e...
Participation #1 <ul><li>Why did Hallidie believe that transportation methods in the city needed improving? </li></ul><ul>...
Urban Planning <ul><li>Urban planning : Designing how city land will be used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul></ul...
Skyscrapers <ul><li>Space problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1900, 4 in 10 Americans live in cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Electric Streetcars <ul><li>How to move all those people around </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed cities to also spread outwar...
Parks and Recreation <ul><ul><li>Urban parks were popular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To get away from the big city without...
New Technology
Participation #2 <ul><li>If you could invent anything (school appropriate) what would it be and why? </li></ul>
Printing Presses <ul><li>Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Organized pages </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers = 1 cent </li></ul>
Airplane <ul><li>Orville & Wilbur Wright </li></ul>
Airplane <ul><li>Orville & Wilbur Wright </li></ul>Watch Wright flight
Participation #3 <ul><li>1.  What do you think airplanes were originally going to be used for? </li></ul><ul><li>2.  What ...
Photography <ul><li>George Eastman invents  Kodak camera </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to hold and operate </li></ul></ul>Cam...
Automobile <ul><li>Henry Ford produced first  Model T  in 1908 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Great Automobile Race of 1908 </l...
Sandwich at Turn of Century <ul><li>1884   Hose Company No. 1 is formed, the first Sandwich Fire Department.  </li></ul><u...
Education
Participation #4 <ul><li>Page 489 </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the education/literacy chart. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By how muc...
Changes in Education <ul><li>More attending </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attendance required for 8-14 year olds </li></ul></ul><u...
Changes in Education <ul><li>High school! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New industrial age meant: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A...
ASSIGNMENT <ul><li>Before you leave: </li></ul><ul><li>How are skyscrapers and streetcars an example of urban planning? </...
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Chapter 16, S. 1 2

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Chapter 16, S. 1 2

  1. 1. Science, Technology, and Education Chapter 16
  2. 2. Turn of the Century
  3. 3. Today… <ul><li>Technological advances and urban planning </li></ul><ul><li>New technologies and how they improved life </li></ul><ul><li>How education changed </li></ul>
  4. 4. Growing Cities Technological advances created a need for better urban planning
  5. 5. Participation #1 <ul><li>“ I was largely induced to think over the matter from seeing the difficulty and pain the horses experienced in hauling the cars up Jackson Street, from Kearny to Stockton Street, on which street four or five horses were needed for the purpose—the driving being accompanied by the free use of whip and voice, and occasionally by the horses falling and being dragged down the hill on their sides, by the car loaded with passengers sliding on its track.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Andrew Smith Hallidie, inventor of the cable car </li></ul>
  6. 6. Participation #1 <ul><li>Why did Hallidie believe that transportation methods in the city needed improving? </li></ul><ul><li>A. The streets were overcrowded </li></ul><ul><li>B. To prevent difficulties for horses </li></ul><ul><li>C. Passenger cars slid down the hills uncontrolled </li></ul><ul><li>D. It was too great a distance from Jackson to Stockton Street </li></ul>
  7. 7. Urban Planning <ul><li>Urban planning : Designing how city land will be used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Living space </li></ul></ul>1960 Brasilia
  8. 8. Skyscrapers <ul><li>Space problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1900, 4 in 10 Americans live in cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skyscrapers make best use of limited space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elevators & steel made possible </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Electric Streetcars <ul><li>How to move all those people around </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed cities to also spread outward </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Parks and Recreation <ul><ul><li>Urban parks were popular </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To get away from the big city without really leaving </li></ul></ul>Central Park Iowa City, IA
  11. 11. New Technology
  12. 12. Participation #2 <ul><li>If you could invent anything (school appropriate) what would it be and why? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Printing Presses <ul><li>Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Organized pages </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers = 1 cent </li></ul>
  14. 14. Airplane <ul><li>Orville & Wilbur Wright </li></ul>
  15. 15. Airplane <ul><li>Orville & Wilbur Wright </li></ul>Watch Wright flight
  16. 16. Participation #3 <ul><li>1. What do you think airplanes were originally going to be used for? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What types of things are they used for today? </li></ul>
  17. 17. Photography <ul><li>George Eastman invents Kodak camera </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to hold and operate </li></ul></ul>Camera ca.1880 First Kodak camera $25 = $500 today
  18. 18. Automobile <ul><li>Henry Ford produced first Model T in 1908 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Great Automobile Race of 1908 </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Sandwich at Turn of Century <ul><li>1884 Hose Company No. 1 is formed, the first Sandwich Fire Department. </li></ul><ul><li>1893 The Sandwich City Council authorized its first electrical department and plant. In 1912 the Sandwich Electric Light Plant was sold to Illinois Northern Utilities Company, which eventually merged with Commonwealth Edison in 1953. </li></ul><ul><li>1898 The first telephone company was organized. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Education
  21. 21. Participation #4 <ul><li>Page 489 </li></ul><ul><li>Look at the education/literacy chart. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By how much did the literacy rate rise from 1871 to 1920? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the number of immigrants during this period make the increase more or less impressive? Why? </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Changes in Education <ul><li>More attending </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attendance required for 8-14 year olds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical punishment for everything </li></ul><ul><li>More race discrimination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>62% white children attended </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>34% African American children attended </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Changes in Education <ul><li>High school! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New industrial age meant: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced skills necessary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most students studied vocational courses: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boys-- Mechanics, carpentry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Girls-- Office work </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. ASSIGNMENT <ul><li>Before you leave: </li></ul><ul><li>How are skyscrapers and streetcars an example of urban planning? </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize new inventions at the turn of the century and how they would make life easier. </li></ul><ul><li>For Tomorrow: </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 16, Section 2 worksheet </li></ul>
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