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Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
Ch 20,21  The Roaring Twenties
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Ch 20,21 The Roaring Twenties

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Transcript

  • 1. The Roaring Twenties Chapters 20, 21
  • 2. 1920s Life for Most Americans
  • 3. Three Trends
    • Renewed isolationism
    • Resurgence of nativism
    • Political conservatism
        • weak govt (not like during Progressive Era)
  • 4. President W.G. Harding
    • Encouraged a return to “normalcy”
        • Kellogg-Briand Pact : signed to say war is not an instrument of national policy
        • Immigration limits
          • Quota system: there is a maximum # of people who can enter the U.S. from any one foreign country (passed ’21, amended ’24)
  • 5. President W.G. Harding
    • Government Scandals
      • Teapot Dome Scandal :
        • Oil lands set aside in Wyoming during conservation era for navy
        • Albert Fall (govt official) leased lands to oil companies for a profit
  • 6. Communism
    • Was a threat to normalcy
    • Bolshevik Revolution (1917): Bolshevik party takes control of Russia
      • Advocated the overthrow of capitalism, free enterprise, and private property
  • 7. Communism
    • “ red scare” : fear of communism in the U.S.
        • Palmer Raids: hunt down and detain suspected anarchists and communists
  • 8. Business in America
    • Standard of living went through the roof
    • Automobiles
  • 9. PARTICIPATION
    • What other things will be invented/created in order for the automobile industry to continue?
  • 10. Business in America
    • Automobiles
      • Paved roads, garages, gas stations, motels, traffic lights
      • Urban sprawl : cities spread out because workers could live miles from their jobs
  • 11. Business in America
    • Airplane Travel (p. 630)
  • 12. Business in America
    • Electrical conveniences (p. 631)
  • 13. Business in America
    • Avg. Income
    • Modern advertising
        • Psychologists hired to help appeal to buyers (page 631)
  • 14. Business in America
    • Buying on credit
      • Installment plan : buy goods over a period of time with interest
        • layaway
  • 15. 1920s City Life
  • 16. City Life
    • Cities seen as more lenient than small towns
      • Allow gambling, alcohol, casual dating
      • Fast-paced lifestyle, competition
  • 17. City Life
    • Prohibition Era
      • 18 th Amendment passed in 1920
  • 18. City Life
    • People resisted Prohib. b/c they wanted to enjoy life after WWI
      • Speakeasies : hidden saloons where alcohol was illegally sold
  • 19. City Life
      • Bootleggers : smuggled in alcohol from countries where it was legal
  • 20. City Life
    • Prohibition Era
      • Growth of organized crime
  • 21. City Life
    • 18 th Amendment repealed in 1933
  • 22. Mass Media Shapes Mass Culture
    • Newspapers, magazines, radio
        • Radio was the most powerful form of communication in the 20s
  • 23. Mass Media Shapes Mass Culture
    • Movies
      • Charlie Chaplin : comic actor
      • Rudolph Valentino : romantic leading man
      • Al Jolson : starred in the first major film with sound, The Jazz Singer
      • Mickey Mouse
  • 24. Mass Media Shapes Mass Culture
    • Other Entertainment Celebrities
      • Babe Ruth : hit a record 60 home runs for the NY Yankees
      • Charles Lindbergh : made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic
  • 25. Religion vs. Science
    • Fundamentalism : Protestant movement grounded in the literal interpretation of the Bible
        • Initiated the evolution vs. creation debate
  • 26. Religion vs. Science
    • The Scopes Trial :
      • Is it okay to make a law forbidding schools to teach evolution?
        • John Scopes, biology teacher, arrested for teaching evolution
        • Scopes found guilty, law stayed on the books
  • 27. Women in the Twenties
    • Flappers : emancipated young women who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day
        • Women were more assertive
        • Casual dating
        • Began working as typesetters and secretaries
  • 28. Harlem Renaissance
    • “ Great Migration ”
        • Between 1910 and 1920 African Americans moved in large numbers to northern cities
      • Harlem Renaissance : literary and artistic movement that celebrated African American culture
  • 29. Harlem Renaissance
    • Poet, Langston Hughes
    • Louis Armstrong
    • Duke Ellington
    • Bessie Smith
        • “ Scat ”/jazz became widely popular with all Americans
  • 30. Political Cartoons
    • Controversies of the 1920s
    • http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/us33.cfm

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