The Roaring Twenties Chapters 20, 21
1920s Life for Most Americans
Three   Trends <ul><li>Renewed  isolationism </li></ul><ul><li>Resurgence of  nativism </li></ul><ul><li>Political  conser...
President W.G. Harding <ul><li>Encouraged a return to “normalcy” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kellogg-Briand Pact : signed to...
President W.G. Harding <ul><li>Government Scandals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teapot Dome Scandal : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul>...
Communism <ul><li>Was a threat to normalcy </li></ul><ul><li>Bolshevik Revolution (1917):  Bolshevik party takes control o...
Communism <ul><li>“ red scare” :  fear of communism in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Palmer Raids:  hunt down and det...
Business in America <ul><li>Standard of living went through the roof </li></ul><ul><li>Automobiles </li></ul>
PARTICIPATION <ul><li>What other things will be invented/created in order for the automobile industry to continue? </li></ul>
Business in America <ul><li>Automobiles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paved roads, garages, gas stations, motels, traffic lights <...
Business in America <ul><li>Airplane Travel (p. 630) </li></ul>
Business in America <ul><li>Electrical conveniences (p. 631) </li></ul>
Business in America <ul><li>Avg. Income </li></ul><ul><li>Modern advertising </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychologists hired...
Business in America <ul><li>Buying on credit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Installment plan : buy goods over a period of time with...
1920s City Life
City Life <ul><li>Cities seen as more lenient than small towns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow gambling, alcohol, casual datin...
City Life <ul><li>Prohibition Era </li></ul><ul><ul><li>18 th  Amendment passed in 1920 </li></ul></ul>
City Life <ul><li>People resisted Prohib. b/c they wanted to enjoy life after WWI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speakeasies : hidd...
City Life <ul><ul><li>Bootleggers : smuggled in alcohol from countries where it was legal </li></ul></ul>
City Life <ul><li>Prohibition Era </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth of organized crime </li></ul></ul>
City Life <ul><li>18 th  Amendment repealed in 1933 </li></ul>
Mass Media Shapes Mass Culture <ul><li>Newspapers, magazines, radio </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Radio was the most powerful ...
Mass Media Shapes Mass Culture <ul><li>Movies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charlie Chaplin : comic actor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Mass Media Shapes Mass Culture <ul><li>Other Entertainment Celebrities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Babe Ruth : hit a record 60 h...
Religion vs. Science <ul><li>Fundamentalism : Protestant movement grounded in the literal interpretation of the Bible </li...
Religion vs. Science <ul><li>The Scopes Trial :  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it okay to make a law forbidding schools to teac...
Women in the Twenties <ul><li>Flappers : emancipated young women who  embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes  of th...
Harlem Renaissance <ul><li>“ Great Migration ” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Between 1910 and 1920 African Americans moved in ...
Harlem Renaissance <ul><li>Poet,  Langston Hughes </li></ul><ul><li>Louis Armstrong </li></ul><ul><li>Duke Ellington </li>...
Political Cartoons <ul><li>Controversies of the 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/us3...
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Ch 20,21 The Roaring Twenties

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Ch 20,21 The Roaring Twenties

  1. 1. The Roaring Twenties Chapters 20, 21
  2. 2. 1920s Life for Most Americans
  3. 3. Three Trends <ul><li>Renewed isolationism </li></ul><ul><li>Resurgence of nativism </li></ul><ul><li>Political conservatism </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>weak govt (not like during Progressive Era) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. President W.G. Harding <ul><li>Encouraged a return to “normalcy” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kellogg-Briand Pact : signed to say war is not an instrument of national policy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration limits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quota system: there is a maximum # of people who can enter the U.S. from any one foreign country (passed ’21, amended ’24) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. President W.G. Harding <ul><li>Government Scandals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teapot Dome Scandal : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Oil lands set aside in Wyoming during conservation era for navy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Albert Fall (govt official) leased lands to oil companies for a profit </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Communism <ul><li>Was a threat to normalcy </li></ul><ul><li>Bolshevik Revolution (1917): Bolshevik party takes control of Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocated the overthrow of capitalism, free enterprise, and private property </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Communism <ul><li>“ red scare” : fear of communism in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Palmer Raids: hunt down and detain suspected anarchists and communists </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Business in America <ul><li>Standard of living went through the roof </li></ul><ul><li>Automobiles </li></ul>
  9. 9. PARTICIPATION <ul><li>What other things will be invented/created in order for the automobile industry to continue? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Business in America <ul><li>Automobiles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paved roads, garages, gas stations, motels, traffic lights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban sprawl : cities spread out because workers could live miles from their jobs </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Business in America <ul><li>Airplane Travel (p. 630) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Business in America <ul><li>Electrical conveniences (p. 631) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Business in America <ul><li>Avg. Income </li></ul><ul><li>Modern advertising </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychologists hired to help appeal to buyers (page 631) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Business in America <ul><li>Buying on credit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Installment plan : buy goods over a period of time with interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>layaway </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. 1920s City Life
  16. 16. City Life <ul><li>Cities seen as more lenient than small towns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow gambling, alcohol, casual dating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast-paced lifestyle, competition </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. City Life <ul><li>Prohibition Era </li></ul><ul><ul><li>18 th Amendment passed in 1920 </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. City Life <ul><li>People resisted Prohib. b/c they wanted to enjoy life after WWI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speakeasies : hidden saloons where alcohol was illegally sold </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. City Life <ul><ul><li>Bootleggers : smuggled in alcohol from countries where it was legal </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. City Life <ul><li>Prohibition Era </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth of organized crime </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. City Life <ul><li>18 th Amendment repealed in 1933 </li></ul>
  22. 22. Mass Media Shapes Mass Culture <ul><li>Newspapers, magazines, radio </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Radio was the most powerful form of communication in the 20s </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Mass Media Shapes Mass Culture <ul><li>Movies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charlie Chaplin : comic actor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rudolph Valentino : romantic leading man </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Al Jolson : starred in the first major film with sound, The Jazz Singer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mickey Mouse </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Mass Media Shapes Mass Culture <ul><li>Other Entertainment Celebrities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Babe Ruth : hit a record 60 home runs for the NY Yankees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles Lindbergh : made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Religion vs. Science <ul><li>Fundamentalism : Protestant movement grounded in the literal interpretation of the Bible </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initiated the evolution vs. creation debate </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Religion vs. Science <ul><li>The Scopes Trial : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it okay to make a law forbidding schools to teach evolution? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>John Scopes, biology teacher, arrested for teaching evolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scopes found guilty, law stayed on the books </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Women in the Twenties <ul><li>Flappers : emancipated young women who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the day </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women were more assertive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Casual dating </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Began working as typesetters and secretaries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Harlem Renaissance <ul><li>“ Great Migration ” </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Between 1910 and 1920 African Americans moved in large numbers to northern cities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harlem Renaissance : literary and artistic movement that celebrated African American culture </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Harlem Renaissance <ul><li>Poet, Langston Hughes </li></ul><ul><li>Louis Armstrong </li></ul><ul><li>Duke Ellington </li></ul><ul><li>Bessie Smith </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Scat ”/jazz became widely popular with all Americans </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Political Cartoons <ul><li>Controversies of the 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/us33.cfm </li></ul>
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