American History Chapter 1
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American History Chapter 1 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 1 Sections 1-4 “Three Worlds Meet”
  • 2. People in America
    • The people of America ~1650AD
  • 3. Native Americans
    • The common theory of how people first came to inhabit the Americas:
        • During the last Ice Age, people in Asia walked across the frozen Bering Strait into North America
        • From there, they sought warmer weather
  • 4.
    • Advanced and diverse native societies developed throughout North America
        • Pueblo, Cherokee, Iroquois
    • Shared native belief patterns
      • Importance of trade and barter
      • Land use
      • Religious beliefs: animism
      • Importance of family and kinship for social organization (extended families)
    Native Americans
  • 5. Africans
    • Large, complex societies existed in West Africa when the Portuguese first arrived in the mid- 15 th century.
  • 6.
    • Beliefs in West African culture
        • Strong ties of family and kinship
          • Councils of elders made up government
          • Extended families
        • Animism
          • Also, rulers descended from gods
        • Collective ownership of land
        • Slave labor was common
          • Prisoners of war, etc.
          • Not always lifelong
    Africans
  • 7. Europeans
    • Europe was branching out in the late 15 th and early 16 th centuries
      • Prince Henry the Navigator of Portugal sailed along Africa’s coast in search of new land and wealth
      • Christopher Columbus was allowed to set sail in search of a western route to the East Indies
  • 8.
    • Europe at the end of the 15 th century (pgs 21-26):
        • Society is arranged by class/social rank
        • Nuclear family is most important
        • Christianity– Roman Catholic Church
          • Call to convert people of other faiths
          • Crusades
        • Recovering from the Middle Ages
          • Floods, disease, anthrax, Black Death, wars
    Europeans
  • 9.
    • Europe at the end of the 15 th century (pg. 24):
        • Growth of commerce
        • Growth of population
        • Growth of Nations
        • The Renaissance Spirit– the rebirth of knowledge and learning led to the invention of the printing press
          • Travel stories were popular
    Europeans
  • 10.
    • Age of Exploration
      • Sailing technology encourages the search for sea routes to Asia
        • Christopher Columbus, page 27
          • What things convinced Queen Isabella of Spain to finance Columbus’ journey?
        • “In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue…”
          • The Spanish gained a foothold in the Americas
    Europeans
  • 11.  
  • 12.
    • Impacts of Colonization:
      • …on Native Americans
        • Disease
        • Resistance to European control
      • …on Africans
        • Slavery
        • Population in Africa
      • …on Europeans
        • National rivalries
        • The Columbian Exchange
    A New Society is Born
  • 13.  
  • 14. Comparing Societies
    • In groups of two or three, answer the following questions:
        • How were the three societies (Native Americans, Africans, Europeans) similar ?
        • How were the three societies different ?
        • How might European colonization of the Americas benefited each society?
        • How might colonization have harmed each society?
  • 15. Comparing Societies Native American Society European Society African Society
  • 16. Comparing Societies Benefits: Detriments: Benefits: Detriments: Benefits: Detriments: European African Native American
  • 17. Comparing Societies
    • In groups of two or three, answer the following questions:
        • How were the three societies (Native Americans, Africans, Europeans) similar ?
        • How were the three societies different ?
        • How might European colonization of the Americas benefited each society?
        • How might colonization have harmed each society?