6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns

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Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns

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6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns

  1. 1. 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns In Spanish, as in English, demonstrative adjectives are words that “demonstrate” or “point out” nouns. Demonstrative adjectives precede the nouns they modify and, like other Spanish adjectives you have studied, agree with them in gender and number. Observe these, then study the chart that follows: esta camisa ese vendedor aquellos zapatos this shirt that salesman those shoes (over there)
  2. 2. 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns Demonstrative adjectives SINGULAR PLURALMasculine Feminine Masculine Feminine este esta estos estas this; these ese esa esos esas that; those aquel aquella aquellos aquellas that; those (over there)
  3. 3. 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns There are three sets of demonstrative adjectives. To determine which one to use, you must establish the relationship between the speaker and the noun(s) being pointed out. The demonstrative adjectives este, esta, estos, and estas are used to point out nouns that are close to the speaker and the listener.
  4. 4. 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns  The demonstrative adjectives ese, esa, esos, and esas are used to point out nouns that are not close in space and time to the speaker. They may, however, be close to the listener.  The demonstrative adjectives aquel, aquella, aquellos, and aquellas are used to point out nouns that are far away from the speaker and the listener.
  5. 5. 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns Demonstrative pronouns Demonstrative pronouns are identical to their corresponding demonstrative adjectives, with the exception that they carry an accent mark on the stressed vowel. —¿Quieres comprar este suéter? Do you want to buy this sweater? —No, no quiero éste. Quiero ése. No, I don’t want this one. I want that one. —¿Vas a leer estas revistas? Are you going to read these magazines? —Sí, voy a leer éstas. También voy a leer aquéllas. Yes, I’m going to read these. I’ll also read those (over there).
  6. 6. 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns Demonstrative pronouns SINGULAR PLURAL Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine éste ésta éstos éstas ése ésa ésos ésas aquél aquélla aquéllos aquéllas
  7. 7. 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns There are three neuter demonstrative pronouns: esto, eso, and aquello. These forms refer to unidentified or unspecified nouns, situations, ideas, and concepts. They do not change in gender or number and never carry an accent mark. — ¿Qué es esto? What’s this? — Eso es interesante. That’s interesting. — Aquello es bonito. That’s pretty.
  8. 8. 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns ¡ATENCIÓN!  Like demonstrative adjectives, demonstrative pronouns agree in gender and number with the corresponding noun. Este libro es de Pablito. Éstos son de Juana.
  9. 9. 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns¡INTÉNTALO! Provide the correct form of the demonstrativeadjective for these nouns.1. la falda / este 6. las empleadas / ese2. los estudiantes /este 7. el chico / aquel3. los países / aquel 8. las sandalias / este4. la ventana / ese 9. el autobús / ese5. los periodistas / ese 10. las chicas / aquel
  10. 10. 6.4 Demonstrative adjectives and pronounsAnswer Key1. esta falda 6. esas empleadas2. estos estudiantes 7. aquel chico3. aquellos países 8. estas sandalias4. esa ventana 9. ese autobús5. esos periodistas 10. aquellas chicas

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