4.2 Stem changing verbs e to ie, o to ue

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Stem changing verbs e to ie, o to ue

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4.2 Stem changing verbs e to ie, o to ue

  1. 1. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ueANTE TODO Stem-changing verbs deviate from the normal pattern of regular verbs. In stem-changing verbs, the stressed vowel of the stem changes when the verb is conjugated.INFINITIVE → VERB STEM → STEM CHANGE → CONJUGATED FORMempezar empez- empiez- empiezovolver volv- vuelv- vuelvo
  2. 2. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ue  In many verbs, such as empezar (to begin), the stem vowel changes from e to ie. Note that the nosotros/as and vosotros/as forms don’t have a stem change. empezar (e:ie) SINGULAR FORMS yo empiezo tú empiezas Ud. / él / ella empieza PLURAL FORMS nosotros/as empezamos vosotros/as empezáis Uds. / ellos / ellas empiezan
  3. 3. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ue  In many other verbs, such as volver (to return), the stem vowel changes from o to ue. The nosotros/as and vosotros/as forms have no stem change. volver (o:ue) SINGULAR FORMS yo vuelvo tú vuelves Ud. / él / ella vuelve PLURAL FORMS nosotros/as volvemos vosotros/as volvéis Uds. / ellos / ellas vuelven
  4. 4. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ue To help you identify stem-changing verbs, they will appear as follows throughout the text: empezar (e:ie), volver (o:ue)
  5. 5. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ue Common stem-changing verbs e:ie cerrar to close comenzar (a+inf.) to begin empezar (a+inf.) to begin entender to understand pensar (+inf.) to think perder to lose; to miss preferir (+inf.) to prefer querer (+inf.) to want; to love
  6. 6. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ue Common stem-changing verbs o:ue almorzar to have lunch contar to count; to tell dormir to sleep encontrar to find mostrar to show poder (+inf.) to be able; can recordar to remember volver to return
  7. 7. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ue  Jugar (to play a sport or game), is the only Spanish verb that has a u:ue stem change.  Jugar is followed by a + [definite article] when the name of a sport or game is mentioned. — Oye, Maite, ¿por qué no jugamos al fútbol? Aléx y el joven juegan al fútbol.
  8. 8. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ue Comenzar and empezar require the preposition a when they are followed by an infinitive. Comienzan a jugar a las siete. They begin playing at seven. Ana empieza a escribir una postal. Ana starts to write a postcard.
  9. 9. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ue Pensar + [infinitive] means to plan or to intend to do something. Pensar en means to think about someone or something. — ¿Piensan ir al gimnasio? Are you planning to go to the gym? — ¿En qué piensas? What are you thinking about?
  10. 10. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ue¡INTÉNTALO! Provide the present tense forms of these verbs. cerrar (e:ie) dormir (o:ue)1. Ustedes ___. 1. Mi abuela no ___.2.Tú ___. 2. Yo no ___ .3. Nosotras ___. 3. Tú no ___ .4. Mi hermano ___. 4. Mis hijos no ___.5. Yo ___. 5. Usted no ___.6. Usted ___. 6. Nosotros no ___.7. Los chicos ___. 7. Él no ___.8. Ella ___. 8. Ustedes no ___.
  11. 11. 4.2 Stem-changing verbs: e → ie, o →ueAnswer Key cerrar (e:ie) dormir (o:ue)1. Ustedes cierran. 1. Mi abuela no duerme.2.Tú cierras. 2. Yo no duermo.3. Nosotras cerramos. 3. Tú no duermes .4. Mi hermano cierra. 4. Mis hijos no duermen.5. Yo cierro. 5. Usted no duerme.6. Usted cierra. 6. Nosotros no dormimos.7. Los chicos cierran. 7. Él no duerme.8. Ella cierra. 8. Ustedes no duermen.

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