Passive Voice

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Passive Voice

  1. 1. PASSIVE SENTENCES Ángela Patricia Echeverry Portela
  2. 2. Active Voice <ul><li>In English there are two voices: </li></ul><ul><li>the active and the passive . </li></ul><ul><li>Voice refers to the arrangement of the subject and object in a sentence along with the change in the tense in the clause. </li></ul><ul><li>Modern English is an SVO order language, i.e. </li></ul><ul><li>Subject (doer) + Verb+(direct) Object. </li></ul><ul><li>This arrangement of the subject and object is the active voice order. </li></ul><ul><li>example: The student finished the exercise </li></ul>
  3. 3. Passive Voice <ul><li>In the passive voice the subject of the active voice ( doer ) and the active voice direct object ( receiver ) interchange their relative position in the clause. Thus, the order becomes: </li></ul><ul><li>Object+ Verb+ by Subject (doer) </li></ul><ul><li>e.g.; The exercise was finished by the student. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ACTIVE SENTENCES AND PASSIVE SENTENCES <ul><li>ACTIVE : </li></ul><ul><li>Julia mailed the package. </li></ul><ul><li>PASSIVE : </li></ul><ul><li>The package was mailed by Julia. </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE OBJECT OF AN ACTIVE SENTENCE BECOMES THE SUBJECT OF A PASSIVE SENTENCE <ul><li>s v o </li></ul><ul><li>Julia mailed the package. </li></ul><ul><li>s v “by – phrase” </li></ul><ul><li>The package was mailed by Julia . </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>ACTIVE : The teacher corrects our homework. </li></ul><ul><li>PASSIVE : Our homework is corrected by the teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIVE : Mr. Rose will teach this class. </li></ul><ul><li>PASSIVE : This class will be taught by Mr. Rose. </li></ul><ul><li>Form of all passive verbs: </li></ul><ul><li>Be + past participle . </li></ul><ul><li>BE can be in any of its forms: am, is, are, was, were, has been, have been, will be, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>THE PAST PARTICIPLE follows BE. For regular verbs, the past participle ends in – ed. </li></ul>
  7. 7. TENSE FORMS OF PASSIVE VERBS The letter will be mail ed by Julia. The letter is going to be mail ed by Julia. Julia will mail the letter. Julia is going to mail the letter. FUTURE The letter has been mail ed by Julia. The letters have been mailed by Julia. Julia has mailed the letter. Julia has mailed the letters PRESENT PERFECT I was surpris ed by the news. We were surprised by the news. The news surprised me. The news surprised us. SIMPLE PAST I am surpris ed by the news. Tom is supris ed by the news. We are surprised by the news. The news surprises me. The news surprises Tom. The news surprises us. SIMPLE PRESENT PASSIVE ACTIVE TENSE
  8. 8. How much do you know? <ul><li>1. Read the information in the link below. Here you will find active / passive tense forms. </li></ul><ul><li>http://english-zone.com/verbs/pssvchrt.html </li></ul><ul><li>2. Put the sentences into passive voice. Mind the tenses. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.miguelmllop.com/practice/beginners/grammar/activeorpassive1.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eflnet.com/grammar/passive2.php </li></ul>

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