Environmental Concerns in Construction Projects- KSPCB Simha

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Pollution Control related legal information, useful for Builders, Real Estate Developers, RWAs, Apartment Owners Associations, Housing Societies located in Karnataka, India. Presented in "Sustainable …

Pollution Control related legal information, useful for Builders, Real Estate Developers, RWAs, Apartment Owners Associations, Housing Societies located in Karnataka, India. Presented in "Sustainable Apartment Communities - An Open House", conducted by The Alternative and ApartmentADDA.

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  • 1. Environmental ConcernsinConstruction Projects15 june 2013Presented byMDN SimhaChief Environment Officer (Retd.)Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB)Presented in the “Self-Sufficient Apartment Communities – An Open House. Conducted by
  • 2. Environmental Concerns• Before Construction• After Construction• Construction Waste• Water• Surface Run Off• Sewage• Garbage• Hazardous Wastes• Non Hazardous Wastes• Energy• Noise• Aesthetics
  • 3. Applicable Acts and Rules• Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act 1974• Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act 1981• Environment Impact Assessment Notification 2006• Fly Ash Notification• Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules 2000• Hazardous Waste (Management, Handling & TransboundaryMovement) Rules 2008• Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 2000• Plastic Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 2011• e - Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 2011• Batteries (Management & Handling) Rules 2001
  • 4. Projects requiring EC• Under EIA notification1994 w.e.f.7-7-2004– Any construction project including new townships, industrial townships,settlement colonies, commercial complexes, hotel complexes, hospitalsand office complexes for 1000 persons or above or discharging sewageof 50000 lpd or above or with an investment of Rs.50 crores or above– Industrial estates accommodating industrial units in an area of 50hectares or above but including the industrial estates irrespective ofarea if their pollution potential is high• Under EIA notification 2006 w.e.f.14-9-2006– Building and construction pojects with builtup area more than 20000sq.mts– Townships and Area Development Projects equal to or more than 50hectares and or builtup area equal to or more than 150000 sq.mts
  • 5. Projects requiring KSPCB ConsentProjects which require both Consent for Establishment (CFE), Consentfor Operation (CFO) and Consent for Expansion (CFExp)•All projects covered under EIA notification 2006•w.e.f. 14-5-2007– Residential Apartments 50 units and above or having builtup area 5000sq.mts and above– Educational Institutions (non-residential) with builtup area 10000 sq.mtsand above– Commercial Construction projects (hotel, commercial complexes etc.)with builtup area 2000 sq.mts and above– Layouts of area 10 acres and above•State Govt. notification dated 4-8-2010– Residential and commercial construction of less than 20000 sq.mts insewered area exempted from obtaining consent
  • 6. Categorization of Construction Projects• RED category– Hospitals covered under BMW Rules– Hotels (3 star & above) and hotels having 100 rooms and above– Industrial Estates/Parks/complexes/areas/EPZ/SEZ/BiotechPark/Leather complex• Orange category– Building & construction projects > 20000 sq.mts builtup area– Hotels (< 3 star) or hotels having >20 rooms and < 100 rooms– Infrastructure development project (other than those covered under Redand Green)– Townships and Area Development Projects equalto or more than 50hectares• Green category– Hotels with < 20 bed rooms or banquet hall or with minimum floor areaof 100 sq.mts or a restaurant with a minimum seater capacity of 36– Commercial Complexes,Office Complex/Banks, Cinema Theatershaving built up area < 20000 sq. mts. In non sewered areas and havingindependent STPs/and DG sets (vide State DEE notification 4-8-2010)
  • 7. Industry Classification & Consent ValidityCategory Consent validityRed Orange GreenLarge 1 year (1 fee) 2 years (2 fees) 10 years (5 fees)Medium 2 years (2 fees) 2 years (2 fees) 10 years (5 fees)Small 5 years (3 fees) 5 years (3 fees) 10 years (1 fee)Micro(<25 Lakhs)5 years (1 fee) 5 years (1 fee) One time permanentconsent (1 fee)Category Capital InvestmentSmall Upto Rs.5.0 CroresMedium Rs.5 to 10 CroresLarge More than Rs.10 crores7
  • 8. Application for EC• Form 1 and Form 1-A (Checklist of Environmental Impacts) andEnvironmental Management Plan and Monitoring Program• Form1-A covers– Land Environment– Water Environment– Vegetation– Fauna– Air Environment– Aesthetics– Socio Economic Aspects– Building Materials– Energy Conservation• Environmental Impact Assessment Guidance Manual forBUILDING, CONSTRUCTION, TOWNSHIPS and AREADEVELOPMENT PROJECTS (February 2010) to be followed
  • 9. Appraisal of Projects by KSPCB• Location:– Proximity to water bodies– Zoning regulations– TG Halli Catchment– Converted Industrial site• Project Status:– Construction already commenced or not• Planning Authorities approval status:– Inputs from officer of Planning Authority who is a member ofConsent Committee
  • 10. Appraisal of Projects by KSPCBContd• Water:– Assured and Sustainable supply– Bore wells not permitted– NOC from BWSSB and conditions prescribed therein– Panchayats Capability to supply water where applicable– Rain Water Harvesting• Sewage Treatment and Reuse– Dual piping insisted– Verification of Design of STP and Consultants Capability– Treated Sewage Standards– Builders responsibility for construction and O&M of STP– STP not insisted if connected to UGD
  • 11. Appraisal of Projects by KSPCBContd• Solid Waste Management– On site facility– Tie up with private operators• Air Emissions– DG sets acoustics– Surrounding features• Labour Camps– Provision of basic sanitary facilities• Traffic Problems– Traffic management
  • 12. Standards for Sewage reuse(revised w.e.f. 16 Aug 2012)Sl. No. Parameter Standards1 pH 6 to 92 BOD ≤ 10 mg/L3 Turbidity ≤ 2 NTU4 E coli NoneNote:Appropriate disinfectant shall be used to ensure some residualin the treated sewage preferably in the range of 1 to 3 mg/LReuse means Landscape irrigation, Vehicle Washing, Toilet Flushing,Use in fire protection and commercial air conditioners
  • 13. Important Conditions• Administrative Charges– 5 times the Consent fee to be paid if construction activity isalready started without prior CFE or EC• Guarantee Money to be paid by the builder as a proof ofcommitment to provide, O&M STP– Upto 50 kld Rs. 5 lakhs– 50 kld - 150 kld Rs. 15 lakhs– 150 kld - 300 kld Rs. 25 lakhs– 300 kld - 500 kld Rs. 35 lakhs– > 500 kld Rs. 50 lakhs– Builder should construct STP and operate for 2 years to thestandards stipulated by the Board and then only handover toResidents Association– Forfeiture of GM in case of Non compliance
  • 14. Regulatory Concerns• Occupier/applicant for consent – Role and extent• How the responsibility is transferred to Residents Association ?• What documents are handed over during such transfer ?• Fund earmarked for implementing EMP
  • 15. Eco-caring/Green Building• “A Eco-caring/Green Building could be defined as one,which encompasses the use of clean energy, renewableenergy, efficient use of water, use of recycled orrecyclable materials and provides healthy indoor airquality.”