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2010 Unit 1 Handout
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2010 Unit 1 Handout

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2010 Unit 1 Handout 2010 Unit 1 Handout Presentation Transcript

  • THE WORLD AT WAR & THE IMMEDIATE AFTERMATH
  • WHAT CAUSED WW1?
    • Background Reason 1: Nationalism
    • Nationalism = pride in 1’s country & desire it to be strong & powerful
  • This postcard shows how the British interpreted Kaiser Wilhelm’s statement about wanting ‘a place in the sun’ – it shows him making everybody in the world bow down to him.
  • WHAT CAUSED WW1?
    • Background Reason 2: Alliances
    Germany’s BIG problem was that it was IN THE MIDDLE.
    That made it VULNERABLE if it came to a war.
  • In the 19th century, Germany’s brilliant Chancellor, Bismarck, solved this problem by making friends with RUSSIA and AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
  • Then Bismarck allied with Italy and Austria-Hungary (the TRIPLE ALLIANCE, 1882).
  • Instead, in 1892, Russia made an alliance with FRANCE.
    Although it was only a DEFENSIVE alliance, it was Germany’s worst nightmare! Why?
  • Anglo-Japanese Naval Agreement, 1902
    Entente Cordiale, 1904 (Britain & France)
  • 1907 - Russia joined Britain & France to form the Triple Entente
  • Russia was also allied to Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria. When trouble erupted in 1914, each found its alliances dragged them into war…
  • WHAT CAUSED WW1?
    • Background Reason 2: Alliances
    • Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia)+++
    • Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria, Italy +++
    • Is the Alliance system fool-proof in ensuring security?
    • Why?
  • WHAT CAUSED WW1?
    • Background Reason 3: Arms Race
    • In case war breaks out & alliances failed  need to be better armed than their enemies
    • What is the result of everyone responding this way?
  • WHAT CAUSED WW1?
    • Immediate reason: Assassination at Sarajevo
    • http://www.the-map-as-history.com/demos/tome06/index.php
  • EFFECTS OF WW1
    • Death & devastation
    • Economic problems
    • Political changes
    • Social changes