THE WORLD AT WAR & THE IMMEDIATE AFTERMATH<br />
WHAT CAUSED WW1?<br /><ul><li>Background Reason 1: Nationalism
Nationalism = pride in 1’s country & desire it to be strong & powerful</li></li></ul><li>This postcard shows how the Briti...
WHAT CAUSED WW1?<br /><ul><li>Background Reason 2: Alliances</li></ul>Germany’s  BIG  problem was that it was IN THE MIDDL...
In the 19th century, Germany’s brilliant Chancellor, Bismarck, solved this problem by making friends with  RUSSIA  and  AU...
Then Bismarck allied with Italy and Austria-Hungary (the TRIPLE ALLIANCE, 1882).   <br />
Instead, in 1892, Russia made an alliance with FRANCE.<br />Although it was only a DEFENSIVE alliance, it was Germany’s wo...
Anglo-Japanese Naval Agreement, 1902<br />Entente Cordiale, 1904 (Britain & France)<br />
1907 - Russia joined Britain & France to form the Triple Entente<br />
Russia was also allied to Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria.   When trouble erupted in 1914, each found its alliances dragged t...
WHAT CAUSED WW1?<br /><ul><li>Background Reason 2: Alliances
Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia)+++
Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria, Italy +++
Is the Alliance system fool-proof in ensuring security?
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2010 Unit 1 Handout

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2010 Unit 1 Handout

  1. 1. THE WORLD AT WAR & THE IMMEDIATE AFTERMATH<br />
  2. 2. WHAT CAUSED WW1?<br /><ul><li>Background Reason 1: Nationalism
  3. 3. Nationalism = pride in 1’s country & desire it to be strong & powerful</li></li></ul><li>This postcard shows how the British interpreted Kaiser Wilhelm’s statement about wanting ‘a place in the sun’ – it shows him making everybody in the world bow down to him.<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. WHAT CAUSED WW1?<br /><ul><li>Background Reason 2: Alliances</li></ul>Germany’s BIG problem was that it was IN THE MIDDLE. <br />That made it VULNERABLE if it came to a war.<br />
  6. 6. In the 19th century, Germany’s brilliant Chancellor, Bismarck, solved this problem by making friends with RUSSIA and AUSTRIA-HUNGARY<br />
  7. 7. Then Bismarck allied with Italy and Austria-Hungary (the TRIPLE ALLIANCE, 1882). <br />
  8. 8. Instead, in 1892, Russia made an alliance with FRANCE.<br />Although it was only a DEFENSIVE alliance, it was Germany’s worst nightmare! Why?<br />
  9. 9. Anglo-Japanese Naval Agreement, 1902<br />Entente Cordiale, 1904 (Britain & France)<br />
  10. 10. 1907 - Russia joined Britain & France to form the Triple Entente<br />
  11. 11. Russia was also allied to Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria. When trouble erupted in 1914, each found its alliances dragged them into war…<br />
  12. 12. WHAT CAUSED WW1?<br /><ul><li>Background Reason 2: Alliances
  13. 13. Triple Entente (Britain, France, Russia)+++
  14. 14. Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria, Italy +++
  15. 15. Is the Alliance system fool-proof in ensuring security?
  16. 16. Why? </li></li></ul><li>WHAT CAUSED WW1?<br /><ul><li>Background Reason 3: Arms Race
  17. 17. In case war breaks out & alliances failed  need to be better armed than their enemies
  18. 18. What is the result of everyone responding this way?</li></li></ul><li>WHAT CAUSED WW1?<br /><ul><li>Immediate reason: Assassination at Sarajevo
  19. 19. http://www.the-map-as-history.com/demos/tome06/index.php</li></li></ul><li>EFFECTS OF WW1<br /><ul><li>Death & devastation
  20. 20. Economic problems
  21. 21. Political changes
  22. 22. Social changes</li>

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