Weight Loss And Your Hormones[1]


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Learn the importance of hormonal balancing for weight loss.

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Weight Loss And Your Hormones[1]

  1. 1. Weight Loss and Your Hormones<br />Afreen Pappa, MD<br />JAVĀNI Med Spa<br />
  2. 2. Obesity Crisis<br />US Obesity Rates<br />
  3. 3. Obesity Crisis<br />US Obesity Rates<br />
  4. 4. Obesity Crisis<br />Texas 28.3% Obesity<br />
  5. 5. Why should anyone care?<br />Health consequences of excess weight<br />Heart disease<br />Type 2 Diabetes<br />Breast, uterus and colon cancer<br />High blood pressure<br />High cholesterol<br />Stroke<br />Liver and Gallbladder disease<br />Sleep apnea<br />Arthritis<br />Female problems<br />
  6. 6. Why should anyone care?<br />Economic Consequences<br />Significant impact on the health care system<br />Estimated that $51 to 78 billion spent on direct and indirect costs of excess weight in 1998<br />That number can easily be tripled today<br />
  7. 7. Why should you care?<br />Look your best<br />Feel your best<br />Avoid chronic illnesses<br />Increase your quality and quantity of life<br />
  8. 8. How did we get here?<br />Traditional medical thinking<br />Caloric imbalance<br />Inactivity<br />Genetics<br />Diseases and medications<br />Actually, there’s more to weight than the above….<br />
  9. 9. The Missing Pieces<br />Fad diets<br />Hormonal imbalances<br />Nutritional deficiencies<br />Toxins<br />Brain neurotransmitters<br />Allergies<br />Weight gain is a multi-factorial problem and requires a solution that addresses all problems<br />
  10. 10. The Body’s Symphony<br />Hormones/Neurotransmitters<br />Mind<br />Nutrition<br />Body<br />Toxins/Allergies<br />
  11. 11. Fad Diets<br />Low fat <br />Low carb<br />AHA diet<br />Mediterranean diet<br />
  12. 12. Essential Hormones<br />DHEA<br />Thyroid<br />Insulin<br />Cortisol<br />Estrogen<br />Growth Hormone<br />Progesterone<br />Ghrelin<br />Leptin<br />Testosterone<br />
  13. 13. Cortisol<br />Produced by the adrenal glands<br />The only hormone that increases with age<br />Increases with stress<br />Prolonged stress leads to adrenal fatigue (cortisol deficiency)<br />
  14. 14. Cortisol<br />Adrenal Fatigue - Cortisol deficient state<br />Cravings for sugar, salt, caffeine, soft drinks<br />Afternoon slump, joint aches, multiple allergies/sensitivities, rashes, psoriasis<br />Frequent illnesses including digestive problems<br />Weight gain in abdomen, insulin resistance, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, insomnia<br />Not recognized by traditional MD’s<br />
  15. 15. Chronic Response (adrenal fatigue)<br />Acute Response<br />
  16. 16. DHEA<br />One of the fastest declining hormones with age<br />Promotes a sense of well being<br />Affects metabolism of serotonin (a vital brain neurotransmitter)<br />Impaired by hydrogenated fats (margarine)<br />
  17. 17. Estrogen<br />Three types of Estrogen<br />Estrone (E1)<br />Produced by ovaries<br />After menopause produced by adrenal glands and fat tissue<br />Levels change in the 40’s and drop sharply in 50’s<br />No specific deficiency symptoms<br />High levels<br />High blood pressure, strokes, heart attack, clots<br />Breast and prostate cancer<br />Shifts fat from hips to abdomen<br />
  18. 18. Estrogen<br />Three types of Estrogen<br />Estradiol (E2)<br />Produced by ovaries when not pregnant<br />Levels wax and wane in the 40’s and drop sharply in the 50’s<br />Strongest of estrogens with positive effects on bone, heart and brain health<br />Puts fat on hips which helps with insulin response<br />Deficiency symptoms and conditions<br />Hot flashes, night sweats, insomnia<br />Decreased brain function and dementia<br />Loss of collagen from tissues<br />Headaches<br />Osteoporosis<br />Depression, decreased libido<br />Hypertension<br />
  19. 19. Estrogen<br />Three types of Estrogen<br />Estriol (E3)<br />Produced by the placenta during pregnancy<br />Protects from breast cancer<br />Important neurological effects<br />Deficiency symptoms and conditions<br />Vaginal dryness, recurrent urinary tract infections and incontinence<br />Decreased libido<br />Loss of collage from tissues<br />Dementia, Alzheimers, Multiple Sclerosis<br />
  20. 20. Gender Benders<br />Estrogen imposters<br />Pesticides<br />BPA<br />Dioxins<br />Chlorine<br />Toxins<br />Cause<br />Weight gain<br />Irregular menstrual cycles<br />Early puberty<br />Increased risk of breast cancer<br />
  21. 21. Growth Hormone<br />Peaks around age 12<br />Builds muscle mass<br />Burns fat<br />Increases with strength training, eating adequate amounts of protein<br />Inhibited by frequent meals<br />Controls insulin<br />Secreted at night and requires proper sleep to work well<br />
  22. 22. Ghrelin<br />Produced in the gut<br />Increases appetite<br />Lowered with aerobic activity<br />Disturbed by poor sleep<br />Increased by thinking of food<br />
  23. 23. Insulin<br />Produced by the pancreas<br />Allows sugar to be taken up by cells for energy<br />Insulin resistance is the main hormonal abnormality in the US<br />Pre-diabetes<br />Type 2 Diabetes<br />By the age of 35 most individuals have some level of insulin resistance<br />Causes sugar to be taken up by fat cells and stored as fat<br />Deficiency symptoms<br />Weight gain in abdomen, under chin, upper flanks, inner thighs<br />Hypoglycemia<br />
  24. 24. Insulin<br />Conditions associated with insulin excess<br />Diabetes Type 2<br />Heart disease<br />Cancer<br />PCOS<br />Obesity<br />Elevated triglycerides<br />Acne<br />
  25. 25. Leptin<br />Produced by fat cells<br />Controls appetite<br />Levels disturbed by refined carbs, sugars and trans fats<br />High levels associated with insulin resistance<br />Improved with Omega-3 fats<br />
  26. 26. Progesterone<br />Produced by the ovaries and placenta<br />Levels start to decline in the 30’s<br />Stimulates receptors in the brain, bone formation, uterine lining to support pregnancy<br />Decreases turnover of breast, ovarian and uterine cells – reduces risk of cancer<br />
  27. 27. Progesterone<br />Deficiency symptoms<br />Insomnia<br />Anxiety, panic attacks, mood swings, PMS<br />Headache<br />Insulin resistance leading to weight gain<br />Hot flashes<br />Decreased libido<br />Heavier menstrual bleeding<br />Digestive problems<br />
  28. 28. Progesterone<br />Deficiency associated conditions<br />Depression and the use of anti-depressants<br />Breast cysts, Fibrocystic breast disease<br />Ovarian cysts<br />Uterine fibroids<br />Infertility, PCOS, Endometriosis<br />Bone loss and Osteoporosis<br />
  29. 29. Testosterone<br />Found in men and women<br />Decline begins <br />mid-40’s in women<br /> mid-30’s in men<br />earlier with stress and nutritional deficiencies<br />Stimulates and maintains muscle and bone mass while decreasing fat<br />
  30. 30. Testosterone<br />Deficiency can cause<br />Decreased libido and sexual function<br />Poor mental functioning <br />Fatigue<br />Loss of confidence<br />Depression/anxiety in men<br />Joint and muscle pain<br />Insulin resistance<br />
  31. 31. Testosterone<br />Deficiency associated conditions<br />Bone loss, Osteoporosis<br />Weight gain<br />Dementia, Alzheimers disease<br />Heart disease, stroke<br />High cholesterol<br />Diabetes<br />
  32. 32. Thyroid<br />The most important metabolic hormone<br />Decline begins in 40’s or earlier with stress, nutritional deficiencies and exposure to electromagnetic radiation<br />Many processed foods and drugs decrease thyroid activity<br />Bromine, an additive to bread, pastas and all enriched products, sports drinks, & Mountain Dew increases hypothyroidism<br />Affected by fad diets, polyunsaturated oils, nutritional deficiencies, adrenal dysfunction, artificial sweeteners (Splenda)<br />
  33. 33. Thyroid<br />Deficiency symptoms<br />Low energy<br />Low mental clarity, memory, focus, concentration<br />Weight gain<br />Depression<br />Hair loss, dry hair and skin<br />Cold intolerance<br />Constipation<br />Elevated bad cholesterol<br />
  34. 34. Thyroid<br />Deficiency associated conditions<br />Chronic fatigue syndrome<br />Fibromyalgia<br />Congestive heart failure<br />Osteoporosis<br />Dementia<br />Infertility<br />High cholesterol<br />
  35. 35. Essential Hormones<br />DHEA<br />Thyroid<br />Insulin<br />Cortisol<br />Estrogen<br />Growth Hormone<br />Progesterone<br />Ghrelin<br />Leptin<br />Testosterone<br />
  36. 36. Fad Diets and Hormones<br />Low fat diet<br />High in sugar<br />Discriminated against good and bad fats<br />Fats & cholesterol are needed for hormone production<br />Adverse effects<br />Increase insulin and insulin resistance, cortisol and leptin<br />Decreases growth hormone, DHEA and sex hormones<br />Hypothyroidism<br />
  37. 37. Fad Diets and Hormones<br />Low carb diet<br />High in protein and fat<br />Gout<br />Kidney stones<br />Red meat and processed meats linked to cancer, heart disease<br />Adverse effects<br />Low growth hormone<br />Hypothyroidism<br />Margarine impairs sex hormones and leptin<br />
  38. 38. Fad Diets and Hormones<br />Mediterranean diet<br />Carbs from whole grains, vegetables and fruits<br />Protein from beans, poultry and seafood<br />Rich in monounsaturated fat (olive oil and avocadoes)<br />Moderate amounts of alcohol<br />
  39. 39. Fad Diets and Hormones<br />Benefits<br />Heart healthy<br />Reduces risk of cancer<br />Risks<br />Alcohol affects hormones<br />Raises insulin and impairs sugar metabolism<br />Lowers testosterone<br />Increases estrogen<br />Affects cortisol<br />Leads to weight gain from empty carbs<br />
  40. 40. Countries with Highest Rates of Obesity<br />
  41. 41. Hormone Friendly Diet<br />Balanced in all macronutrients <br />Protein<br />Carbohydrates<br />Fat<br />Complex carbs<br />Enough protein to support muscle development<br />Natural fats to support hormone synthesis<br />No processed foods<br />Little to no dairy<br />Organic foods<br />Limited caffeine<br />Limited alcohol<br />Limited meals to boost growth hormone (unless hypoglycemia or diabetes)<br />
  42. 42. Hormone Friendly Diet<br />Good Carbs<br />Whole grains<br />Vegetables<br />Fruits<br />Beans<br />Protein<br />Beans<br />Seafood<br />Poultry<br />Limited red meat<br />
  43. 43. Hormone Friendly Diet<br />Good fats<br />Monounsaturated<br />Olive oil (cold pressed)<br />Avocadoes<br />Nuts<br />Peanut oil<br />Safflower oil<br />Animal fat<br />Polyunsaturated<br />Omega-3 (Fish oil, flax seed oil)<br />Omega-6 (corn oil, cottonseed oil) in limited amounts<br />2:1 Omega-3:6<br />
  44. 44. Avoid<br />Margarine<br />Soybean oil<br />Food additives<br />Artificial sweeteners<br />High fructose corn syrup<br />MSG<br />Sugar<br />Hydrogenated (trans) fats<br />Hormones<br />
  45. 45. Essential Hormones<br />DHEA<br />Thyroid<br />Insulin<br />Cortisol<br />Estrogen<br />Growth Hormone<br />Progesterone<br />Ghrelin<br />Leptin<br />Testosterone<br />
  46. 46. The Body’s Symphony<br />Hormones/Neurotransmitters<br />Mind<br />Nutrition<br />Body<br />Toxins/Allergies<br />