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Art Movements Throughout European History
 

Art Movements Throughout European History

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    Art Movements Throughout European History Art Movements Throughout European History Presentation Transcript

    • Art Movements Throughout European History Andrea Cabrera Mrs. Davis AP Euro, Block 3 2008
    • Timeline Renaissance Realism Impressionism Rococo Baroque Gothic Cubism Neoclassicism Romanticism Post-Impressionism Futurism Fauvism Surrealism Abstract-Expressionism Op Art Pop Art Dada Mid. Ages Expressionism Photorealism 1000 1400-1500 1800 1700 1600 1900 1950
    • Middle Ages
      • Themes : Feudalism, Roman Catholic Church, Crusades, and the Battle of Hastings
      • Characteristics : Elicits fear, guilt and piety
      • Areas of Influence : Italy, Constantinople, the RCC, Monasteries
      • Word Association : religious, iconic, transcendental
    • Back
    • Gothic: 12 th -16 th c.
      • Themes : Focus on God and His glorification, and the end of the Crusades
      • Characteristics : flying buttresses, dark monastic buildings
      • Areas of Influence : developed in France, then spread throughout Europe
      • Word Association : dark, detailed
    • Gothic Back
    • Italian Renaissance: 14 th -16 th c.
      • Themes : Individualism, worldly experience
      • Characteristics : classicism, perspective, human figures, and myths
      • Areas of Influence : Venice and Florence
      • Artists : Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael, Titian, Bellini, Brunelleschi
      • Word Association : “man is the measure,” secular, individual
    • Back
    • Northern Renaissance: 14 th -16 th c.
      • Themes : salvation and religious piety
      • Characteristics : movable (triptych) and produced copies by the printing press (right)
      • Areas of Influence : Flanders and Northern Europe
      • Artists : Durer, Bosch, Van Eyck, Brueghel, Grunewald, Holbein
      • Word Association : religious, Christian Humanism
    • Back
    • Baroque: 1545-1715
      • Themes : “Return” to the Catholic Church and the power of monarchs
      • Characteristics : mystery, dramatization, bold
      • Areas of Influence : Spain, Rome, Middle-class Dutch
      • Artists : Caravaggio, Bernini, Bruegel, Bosch, Velasquez
      • Word Association : “sexy,” Catholic Reformation, Council of Trent, monarch
    • Back
    • Rococo: 18 th c.
      • Themes : Extravagance and wealth
      • Characteristics : appeal to royals and nobles, light, and ornate
      • Areas of Influence : France and Austria, Versailles
      • Artists : Fragonard, Boucher, and Watteau
      • Word Association : Frivolous, ornate, self-indulgence
      Back
    • Neoclassicism: 18 th c.
      • Themes : Return to classical antiquity
      • Characteristics : Formal, imperial style and imitation of Greek and Roman art
      • Areas of Influence : mainly France (Napoleon, right)
      • Artists : David and Ingres
      • Word Association : Napoleon, Greece/Rome, imperial
    • Back
    • Romanticism: 1780s-1848
      • Themes : Emotion, passion, and revolution
      • Characteristics : passionate, dark color and a return to nature
      • Areas of Influence : France, England, and Spain
      • Artists : Goya, Constable, Delacroix, Turner, Gericault
      • Word Association : emotional, loss of youth, mysterious, passion
    • Back
    • Realism: Mid-19 th c.
      • Themes : Rejection of Romanticism, and the depiction of everyday life
      • Characteristics : subjects were common people and landscapes
      • Areas of Influence : the Dutch
      • Artists : Courbet, Millet, Daumier
      • Word Association : reality, everyday, revolution
    • Back
    • Impressionism: 19 th c.
      • Themes : fleeting and brief word of a first impression based on light and the sudden moment
      • Characteristics : short, choppy, light brushstrokes and en plein aire (outdoors)
      • Areas of Influence : France
      • Artists : Monet, Renoir, Manet, Cezanne
      • Word Association : vibrant, little detail, light, glimpse
    • Back
    • Post-Impressionism: 19 th c.
      • Themes : represented impressionism, but rejected its limitations
      • Characteristics : studied depth, sometimes more detailed than impressionism
      • Areas of Influence : France
      • Artists : Cezanne, Seurat, van Gogh
      • Word Association : depth, structure, pointillism (next slide)
    • Back
    • Expressionism: Early 20 th c.
      • Themes : Indebted to Freud; analyzing psyche
      • Characteristics : dissonance in color and perspective, and messages of anxiety
      • Areas of Influence : Germany, Spain, France, Russia, Norway, Holland
      • Artists : Munch, Kirchner, Kokoschka, Beckmann, Van Gogh
      • Word Association : anxiety, Freud, dark
    • Back
    • Fauvism: c. 1905
      • Themes : Color was the main subject
      • Characteristics : color takes importance over lines or subjects
      • Areas of Influence : France, Dutch
      • Artists : Matisse, some Van Gogh
      • Word Association : COLOR
    • Back
    • Cubism: c. 1910
      • Themes : synthesized view of subject, represented some African characteristics and new theories (relativity)
      • Characteristics : fragmented subject, cubes
      • Areas of Influence : France
      • Artists : Picasso, Braque, Leger, Delaunay
      • Word Association : angular, fragmentation, square (as in the shape)
    • Back
    • Futurism: Early 20 th c.
      • Themes : speed and power of the machine , restlessness of modern life
      • Characteristics : subjects of modern life, depicts speed
      • Areas of Influence : mainly Italy and Germany
      • Artists : Boccioni, followed by Balla and Severini
      • Word Association : speed, machine, industrial, urban
    • Back
    • Dada Art: 1915-1922
      • Themes : focus on the absurd, reaction to WWI
      • Characteristics : techniques of accident and chance creating art
      • Areas of Influence : Switzerland, NYC, Paris, and large German cities
      • Artists : Duchamp, Arp, Ray
      • Word Association : ready-made, absurd, illogical
    • Back
    • Surrealism: Late 19 th -20 th c.
      • Themes : expression of the imagination in dreams, lack of reason
      • Characteristics : incorporated ideals of Freud and Marx
      • Areas of Influence : Norway, Holland, Spain, Germany, Spain, France, Russia
      • Artists : Dali, Magritte, Delvaux
      • Word Association : dreams, subconscious, illogical, out of hysteria
      Back
    • Back
    • Abstract Expressionism: 20 th c.
      • Themes : nonrepresentational, shape, line, color
      • Characteristics : planes, shapes, and color
      • Areas of Influence : US, many immigrants from Europe, shift from Paris
      • Artists : Pollock, Rothko, Kline, de Kooning
      • Word Association : ABSTRACT, subjective interpretation
    • Back
    • Pop Art: Mid-to-Late 20 th c
      • Themes : bitterness out of WWI, pop culture
      • Characteristics : Random objects, use of dry humor
      • Areas of Influence : US
      • Artists : Warhol, Odenburg, Rauschenberg
      • Word Association : post-war, everyday objects, iconic
    • Back
    • Op Art: Mid-20 th c.
      • Themes : geometric abstract, illusion
      • Characteristics : patterns, lines, checkerboard, circles
      • Areas of Influence : US and throughout Europe (next slide is in Hungary)
      • Artists : Vasarely, Riley, Poons
      • Word Association : optical illusions, patterns, playing with the eye and mind
    • Back
    • Photorealism: 1960s and 70s
      • Themes : depiction of photography, interpretation
      • Characteristics : painting of a photo, should look like a photograph
      • Areas of Influence : US, Britain
      • Artists : Estes, Close
      • Word Association : photo, everyday streets or objects
    • The End!!!