Working with Special Needs Learners <br />Inclusion of special needs learners in the general classroom requires modifications and planning<br />We will look at approaches and assistive technologies for students with ADHD, auditory disabilities and mild learning disabilities <br />
What is ADHD?<br /><ul><li>Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder
According to LD Online, “Up to 50 percent of children with ADHD have coexisting learning disabilities, especially in spelling, reading, writing, and math.”</li></li></ul><li>ADHD in the Classroom<br /> The U.S. Department of Education suggests modifications for children with ADHD in regular education classrooms:<br />Providing a structured learning environment<br />Repeating and simplifying instructions about in-class and homework assignments<br />Supplementing verbal instructions with visual instructions; using behavioral management techniques<br />Adjusting class schedules<br />Modifying test delivery<br />Using tape recorders, computer-aided instruction, and other audiovisual equipment<br />Selecting modified textbooks or workbooks<br />Tailoring homework assignments1<br />1. http://www.ldonline.org/article/5925<br />
Assistive Technology for ADHD<br />Building self-reliance and increasing independent work habits<br />Assistive Technology tools:<br />Talking computer keyboards<br />Word prediction<br />Screen magnifiers<br />Talking computer software<br />E-Dictionary2<br />2. http://www.examiner.com/k-12-education-in-west-palm-beach/assistive-technology-the-classroom-for-adhd-students<br />
Assistive Technology in the Classroom<br />http://sped.peabody.k12.ma.us/assistive_technology_resources.htm<br />
Auditory Disability in the Classroom<br />Have students sit closer to the lecturer <br />Look directly at the student <br />Speak slowly and clearly <br />Do not exaggerate your lip movements <br />Give the student outlines of the lecture or written material, in advance, so that they can become familiar with new technical vocabulary <br />Provide scripts of video and laser media when possible <br />Use any available assistive technologies4<br />4. http://www.as.wvu.edu/~scidis/hearing.html#sect2<br />
Assistive Technology for Auditory Disability in the Classroom<br />http://www.ihr.mrc.ac.uk/app/webroot/img/research/ix/5/cape75.png<br />http://i.ytimg.com/vi/ENEucHWIBCU/0.jpg<br />
Mild Learning Disabilities and Inclusion<br />Time:<br />Students with disabilities usually need more time for schoolwork and daily routines<br />Distribute course syllabi and reading lists in advance5<br />Organization:<br />Low-tech solutions: flow charting, task analysis, webbing or networking ideas, and outlining. <br />High-tech solution: outline function of word processing software <br />Note Taking:<br />Low-tech solution: provide copies of structured outlines for students to use in filling in information. <br />High-tech solution: include optical character recognition, which is software that can transform typewritten material into computer-readable text using a scanner6<br />5. http://www.disability.uiuc.edu/page.php?id=61<br />6. http://www.teachervision.fen.com/assistive-technology/teaching-methods/3791.html?detoured=1<br />
Conclusion<br />There are many available assistive technologies for special needs learners<br />There are also no-tech and low-tech approaches for students with disabilities<br />Teachers must be aware of their students’ disabilities and the various approaches available to provide them with the tools to succeed<br />
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