Assistive Technology WebQuest
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  • 1. Working with Special Needs Learners
    Inclusion of special needs learners in the general classroom requires modifications and planning
    We will look at approaches and assistive technologies for students with ADHD, auditory disabilities and mild learning disabilities
  • 2. What is ADHD?
    • Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder
    • 3. Main Characteristics:
    • 4. Inattention
    • 5. Impulsivity
    • 6. Hyperactivity
    • 7. According to LD Online, “Up to 50 percent of children with ADHD have coexisting learning disabilities, especially in spelling, reading, writing, and math.”
  • ADHD in the Classroom
    The U.S. Department of Education suggests modifications for children with ADHD in regular education classrooms:
    Providing a structured learning environment
    Repeating and simplifying instructions about in-class and homework assignments
    Supplementing verbal instructions with visual instructions; using behavioral management techniques
    Adjusting class schedules
    Modifying test delivery
    Using tape recorders, computer-aided instruction, and other audiovisual equipment
    Selecting modified textbooks or workbooks
    Tailoring homework assignments1
    1. http://www.ldonline.org/article/5925
  • 8. Assistive Technology for ADHD
    Building self-reliance and increasing independent work habits
    Assistive Technology tools:
    Talking computer keyboards
    Word prediction
    Screen magnifiers
    Talking computer software
    E-Dictionary2
    2. http://www.examiner.com/k-12-education-in-west-palm-beach/assistive-technology-the-classroom-for-adhd-students
  • 9. Assistive Technology in the Classroom
    http://sped.peabody.k12.ma.us/assistive_technology_resources.htm
  • 10. Auditory Disability in the Classroom
    Have students sit closer to the lecturer
    Look directly at the student
    Speak slowly and clearly
    Do not exaggerate your lip movements
    Give the student outlines of the lecture or written material, in advance, so that they can become familiar with new technical vocabulary
    Provide scripts of video and laser media when possible
    Use any available assistive technologies4
    4. http://www.as.wvu.edu/~scidis/hearing.html#sect2
  • 11. Hearing Assistive Technology
    Assistive Listening Device (ALD) examples:
    Personal frequency modulation (FM) systems
    Induction Loop Systems
    One to one communicators
    Visual Systems:
    Closed-captioning TV
    Note taking
    Computerized speech recognition3
    3. http://www.asha.org/public/hearing/treatment/assist_tech.htm
  • 12. Assistive Technology for Auditory Disability in the Classroom
    http://www.ihr.mrc.ac.uk/app/webroot/img/research/ix/5/cape75.png
    http://i.ytimg.com/vi/ENEucHWIBCU/0.jpg
  • 13. Mild Learning Disabilities and Inclusion
    Time:
    Students with disabilities usually need more time for schoolwork and daily routines
    Distribute course syllabi and reading lists in advance5
    Organization:
    Low-tech solutions: flow charting, task analysis, webbing or networking ideas, and outlining.
    High-tech solution: outline function of word processing software
    Note Taking:
    Low-tech solution: provide copies of structured outlines for students to use in filling in information.
    High-tech solution: include optical character recognition, which is software that can transform typewritten material into computer-readable text using a scanner6
    5. http://www.disability.uiuc.edu/page.php?id=61
    6. http://www.teachervision.fen.com/assistive-technology/teaching-methods/3791.html?detoured=1
  • 14. Conclusion
    There are many available assistive technologies for special needs learners
    There are also no-tech and low-tech approaches for students with disabilities
    Teachers must be aware of their students’ disabilities and the various approaches available to provide them with the tools to succeed