Australian and New Zealand Army Corps• The ANZAC term was created in December 1914 when Australian and New Zealand forces were stationed in Egypt.• This was while in training for World War 1 (1914-1918).
ANZAC day – 25April• Marks the landing of the ANZACS at Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915 where most had their first action.• The cove they landed was quickly named ANZAC cove.• Aim: capture the Dardanelles, a gateway channel, for the Allied fleets to use.
ANZAC Day• Commemorates all New Zealanders (and Australians) killed in war and honors all returned service men and women• 87,000 Turkish, 44,000 men from France and the British Empire, including 8500 Australians and 2721 New Zealanders lost their lives.
• 8556 New Zealand forces landed• 4852 Wounded• Allied forces evacuated the area after nine months battling against the Ottoman Empire• Massive military defeat, but meant the beginning of New Zealand as a distinct nation.
• First celebrated in 1916• Part of New Zealand culture now: Anzac biscuits, Anzac tests, the shared heritage between Australia and New Zealand etc.• Anzac term has continued with other wars
Anzac Ceremony• Military funeral style• Dawn ceremony – march to local memorial, service with prayers and hymns and a dedication• the last post is played followed by a minutes silence and then the national anthem
Anzac Parade• Later in the morning• March to the local memorial, where a service is held.• Wreaths are laid• Speech, normally related to nationhood and remembrance
Anzac poppy• Linked with battlefield deaths since World War 1• One of the first flowers to grow in the mud of Flanders field, around the graves.