Dr Morne Du Plessis Environmental Excellence

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  • Dr Morne Du Plessis Environmental Excellence

    1. 1. Striving for Environmental Excellence
    2. 2. The Human Ecological Footprint (1961-2003) Number of planet Earths
    3. 3. 1 billion in 1800 4 billion in 1975 2 billion in 1920 6.5 billion in 2005 World Population (billions) Source: UN Population Division 2004; Lee, 2003; Population Reference Bureau
    4. 4. WORLD MAP OF RELATIVE ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT
    5. 5. The World’s Priorities Advertising UNDP Human Development Report 1998 $435 billion Basic education in the USA $6 billion Beauty products in the USA $8 billion Ice cream in the USA $11 billion Water & sanitation in the USA $9 billion Basic health care in the USA $13 billion Pet food in the USA $17 billion
    6. 6. <ul><li>Regulating </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits obtained from regulation of ecosystem processes </li></ul>Unique Ecosystem Services <ul><li>Cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Non-material benefits from ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Goods produced or provided by ecosystems </li></ul>Photo credits (left to right, top to bottom): Purdue University, WomenAid.org, LSUP, NASA, unknown, CEH Wallingford, unknown, W. Reid, Staffan Widstrand
    7. 7. The Balance Sheet Crops Livestock Aquaculture Carbon sequestration Capture fisheries Wild foods Wood fuel Genetic resources Biochemicals Fresh Water Air quality regulation Regional & local climate regulation Erosion regulation Water purification Pest regulation Pollination Natural Hazard regulation Spiritual & religious Aesthetic values Timber Fiber Water regulation Disease regulation Recreation & ecotourism Enhanced Degraded Mixed Bottom Line: 60% of Ecosystem Services are Degraded
    8. 8. Ecological Footprint By Component, 1961-2003 Billion 2003 global hectares Built-up land Nuclear energy CO 2 from fossil fuels Fishing ground Forest Grazing land Cropland
    9. 9. Energy intensity of economy per unit GDP (in 2004) Energy intensity (MJ/US$) Japan 5 United Kingdom 6 Italy 7 Germany 7 France 8 United States 9 Mexico 11 Brazil 13 Canada 14 China 36 South Africa 36 India 41 Russia 82 Worldwide average 13
    10. 10. <ul><li>Climate change </li></ul>2000 2040
    11. 11. “ Millions at Risk” MILLIONS AT RISK
    12. 12. There is …………. HOPE <ul><li>We can cope with projected doubling of global energy demand </li></ul><ul><li>We can harness known resources and proven technologies </li></ul><ul><li>We can reduce climate-threatening emissions by 60-80% </li></ul>
    13. 13. Output of Climate Solutions Model
    14. 14. Potential for Energy Savings in South Africa (by 2030) Transport Sector 47 % 46 % Buildings Fossil-fuel power generation 20 % www.wwf.org.za/hero
    15. 15. <ul><li>We CAN if we </li></ul><ul><li>establish a culture of environmental </li></ul><ul><li>responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>among business and industry </li></ul>
    16. 16. Why emphasize business? <ul><li>Top 200 corporations generate 1/3 of global economic activity, and </li></ul><ul><ul><li>their combined sales are BIGGER than combined economies of all countries excluding the biggest 10 </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Earth’s Life-support System Human Societies Economies Triple-bottom line view of Sustainable Development
    18. 18. <ul><li>Sustainable Development </li></ul>Earth’s Life-support System Human Societies Economies
    19. 19. Evolutionary History of Corporate Responsibility Not My Business Reducing Impact Zero Impact Net Positive Impact Selling Solutions to the World’s problems Philanthropy to Offset Impacts Compliance And Beyond Risk Mgmt & Cost Efficiencies
    20. 20. The “Green Choice” Alliance Promoting Responsible Production
    21. 21. AWARENESS LEVEL SECTOR SIZE (no. of individuals) Consumer Awareness Campaigns ‘ Voluntary’ Procurement Commitments Eco-labelling/ Procurement Advice ‘ Voluntary’ Producer Commitments Producer Products Retailers Restaurants Supermarkets Consumers Market Mechanisms
    22. 22. FishMS supported by iVeri Payment Technology Fish MS : 079 499 8795
    23. 23. Policy implications CO 2 Timber, fish, meat, crops OR Transport, housing, commodities, services
    24. 24. INCREASING DEBT !!
    25. 25. THREE SCENARIOS
    26. 26. TODAY’S DECISIONS DETERMINE THE FUTURE
    27. 27. <ul><li>“ We have an opportunity for greatness which has never been offered to any civilisation, any generation in human history, to act as a generation to do the right thing .  </li></ul>If we fail to act on it, we will become the most vilified generation in human history” Dr Roger Payne President, Ocean Alliance

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