1. secured transport hub a techno economic corridor(upsated 25th june 2012)
Secured Transport HubA Techno -Economic Corridor
Overview of Indian Transport Sector Capital – New Delhi; Population – 1,210 million (17.31% of world population); GDP (in %) Density – 382 per sq. km; Area – 3,287,263 sq. km (1,269,219 sq.miles); 18.5 Agriculture Coastal length – 7,516 km; 26.3 Industry Literacy Rate – 74%; Electricity Consumption – 17.8 trillion kwh; Service 55.2 Oil Consumption – 86.99 million bbl/day; Natural Gas Consumption – 3.16 trillion cu m; Per Capita Income - `56,300. Road Length – 3.34 million km; Vehicle Population – 115 million;Transport Railway Stations – 7,100; Airports – 125; Major / Minor Sea ports – 13 /187.
Overview of Rajasthan Capital – Jaipur; GDP (in %)• Largest City – Jaipur; 24 Agriculture• Area – 342,269 sq.km;• Population – 68.6 million; Industry 30• Population Density – 200/km2;• GDP – `255,440 Crores (US$51.875billion); Service 46• Literacy Rate – 68%;• Per Capita Income - `34,190 (US$694).
TRANSPORT BUDGETORY ANALYIS WITH AN INSIGHT TO SECURED GOVERNANCE AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Secured Governance Under Union Budget for Transport• In the Union Budget 2012-13, the allocation of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways for the road development has been increased by 14% to INR.25,360 crore.• As per note for demand for Grants 2012-13, DEMAND NO. 81 under the development head of 13054 - Ministry of Road Transport and Highways under Investment in Public Enterprises allocated • Budget Support of INR 11,471.98 Crores • IEBR -Internal and Extra Budgetary Resources of INR 10,000 Crores• Under NHDP, the target of awarding road projects for the next fiscal has been increased to 8,800 km.• In order to strengthen the rural road network, the allocation towards the PMGSY has been increased by 20% to INR.24,000 crore for FY 13.
• Product/ Infrastructure Development for Destinations and Circuits Under Major Heads 3452,3601,3602,5452. • Plan Budget allocated for 562.99 Crores (Includes 93.00 for NE Region)Tourism • The objective is to provide world class tourist infrastructure facilities at the identified circuits, destinations and rural sites. • MINISTRY OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY DEMAND NO. 12 Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion • Industrial Infrastructure Upgradation Scheme under Major head 2852 has been allocated INR 115.00 Crores formulated for accelerated and sustained industrial development by building upon its inherent strength.Industrial • Grants to Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project Implementation Trust under major head 2875 allocated INR 411.40 crores.
Railmagra – Rajsamand District • Railmagra is a tehsil of Rajsamand district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. • The total population of Railmagra, as per the Census is around 1.15 Lakhs. State Rajasthan District Rajsamand Main Indore, Population 1.15 lakh Destinations Ahmedabad, Female Population 57075 Mumbai and many Male Population 56193 locations in Literacy 55.62% western andKey Facts Literacy Male 73.92% southern India Literacy Female 37.85% SC Population 16.61% ST Population 8.79% Sex Ratio 1016 No. of Household 22664 Population under age-group 0-6 17662 Sex Ratio under age-group 0-6 943 Total Workers 49617 Non Workers 63651
Strategies for Success of Transport Hub through Secured Governance • Improving infrastructure Infrastructure modalities. Axis • Offers opportunities of bundling. • Yields to endogenous Economic development Development Axis • Boosts spatial economies • Supports urbanization & Urbanization mobility Axis • Supports public transport infrastructureCorridors comprise thearena for integration of multitude of Social interests
Transport HUB & Secured Governance (1/2) Transportation has a unique set of characteristics about its governance as both the public and private sectors are actively involved. India’s transport Sector Contributes to one of the world’s Largest Network. This Sector involves a global flow of passengers and freight which is, capital intensive and of strategic importance to economic welfare. Transport sector comprising a large share of the economy involves a set of complex functionalities in terms of financing, operations, manpower and external relationships.
Transport Sector & Secured Governance (2/2) Secured Governance is a strategy that relates to the relationship between Sectors, institutions and Government that foster coordination and create an environment that improves the cluster as a whole through regional strategies , technology and interdependency. Secured Governance for Transport Hub is a part of our effort to study and outline how a tighter integration of Economic Development, risk assessment, technical security measures, and incident response mechanisms can lead to more effective operation and Incident handling for Transport Sector.
Interdependencies of Transportation Sector with other Key sectors – State Level What belongs together grows together
PROPOSED TECHNOLOGICALSOLUTIONS FOR TRANSPORT HUB
Institute of Driving Training Research• Attitudinal Training• Traffic Education• Driving Skills• Emergency Handling Techniques• Tips on fuel Efficiency• Basic maintenance of the Vehicles
Institute of Driving Training Research• Ministry of Road Transport & Highways intends to set up one automated inspection and certification centres for “In Use” vehicles in all the States/UTs for rigorous inspection of motor vehicles and to remove the defects before they are allowed to ply on road.• These Centres will serve as technical centres for testing the roadworthiness of transport vehicles after evaluation of various identified parameters in a scientific manner.
Driving Simulators (1/2) Driving simulators are proven to be excellent practical and effective educational tools to impart safe driving training techniques for all drivers.Uses User training Training in critical driving conditions Training for impaired users Analysis of the driver behaviours Analysis of driver responses Analysis of the user performances Evaluating user performances in different conditions (handling of controls)
Technical Training CentersTraining Centers with process strategies and services to enhance• Transportation safety and Service quality,• Technology in Transport , its usage and cost containment for their consumers.These courses can be initiated to support and promote the Initiatives of LocalRTO office and trainings for the drivers and transport workers not just inmatters of automobiles but also soft skills, English and regional languages,computers, online operations, Google map reading etc. with modern andupdated mechanical and electrical labs.
Research and Development Centre for Transport ModernisationR & D Centers for Various technological developments relative totransport and modernization of transport in the country. • Road Health Monitoring Mechanism. • GIS based R & D setup for modernization of transport. • Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering • Road Safety and Environmental Problems. • Conditioning Monitoring & Rehabilitation of Roads and Bridges
Transport Hub and Modernisation(1/2) It is important to develop and implement Secured Governance in Transport Corridor to build, maintain good roads and monitor them on real-time to avoid congestion, reduce emission, lower noise and vibration and shorten the response time to attend the emergency situation and many more; Secured Governance includes a robust road management system by implementing an Integrated Secured Road Network System (ISRNS) that includes Intelligent Transport System (ITS), Road Health Monitoring System (RHMS), Electronic Tolling System (ETC) and Emergency Response System (ERS) to tackle the challenges in the transport sector viz. Congestion, Negative Environment Impact, Emission, Crashes, Energy Consumption, Noise, and Vibration. The ISRNS will bring very high interdependency among transport growth, road traffic growth and economic growth. ITS component of ISRNS will reinforce efficient vehicular traffic management, traffic signal management and vehicle navigation system will reduce traffic delays & improve availability of goods and commodities at the right time at the right place.
Transport Hub and Modernisation (2/2) The RHMS component of ISRNS will provide real-time monitoring of the health condition of the roads and help the authorities to resolve the various factors that are responsible for the deterioration of the roads. It will reduce the road accidents to save many lives and the associated losses due to the accidents. The ETC component will help the both government and private players to generate revenues by collecting tolls from the vehicle owners to pump back the money for the sustenance of good transport corridor. It will also check the overloading on the roads, reduce vehicle idling leads to less emission to reduce carbon footing and thus towards green planet and also reduce congestion for smooth flow of the transport system enhance seamless trade; And finally, the ERS component will shorten the response time to reach in the event of any road accidents or break down of the vehicles to save lives and reduce the operation time of the commerce. It will also facilitate government as well as private players to set up hospitals, clinics and health centers to cater to the emergency needs due to road accidents or otherwise.
Web Based E- Governance Tools• E- governance tools for the Industrial Promotion :- products developed using extensive use of GIS to project, analyze, interact and display all the information required for setting up an industry or zone.• This will Act as a Central database and Governing tool for all the Stake Holders/Governing Bodies/ Investors, those who have set up or intend to set up an industrial venture and seek to procure guidance and support on various matters relating to their venture.The Software also gives all the Organisations an opportunity to provide online, prompt and accurate guidance to the desired Stake holder.• These E- governance solutions provide information to the prospective Entrepreneurs / Promoters regarding the main procedural and statutory aspects relating to the government departments / agencies for setting up an Industrial unit or a business venture.
Biometric Driving License • Biometric Driving License for the that employs biometric technology for purposes of identification this includes • Finger Print • Palm Vein reader • Face recognition • Voice recognition• Biometric Licenses have the potential to be incredibly safe. They can prevent identity theft and make it far harder for someone to forge or copy. In addition, if there’s a crash or emergency, it could enable emergency technicians to access life saving medical information. A biometric license that includes smart card technology (technology that uses a memory chip or microprocessor to store information electronically) could combine the victim’s health card with the driver’s license.
Complete Security Cum Surveillance Blanket-(1/2)
Complete Security Cum Surveillance Blanket-(2/2)• Perimeter Protection Systems consisting of Fencing, IP CCTV, Burried Cable Detection Systems, Ground Radar, Intrusion and Alarm Systems all the way to complete Access Control Solutions• Access Control Systems including Smart Cards, Barcode System, RFID and Proximity Systems.• Wireless Location Services (RFID and WiFi)• Cargo and Personnel Scanning Systems• X-Ray Scanners including Personnel Scanners, Parcel Scanners and & Container Scanning Systems• Metal Detectors and Explosive Detectors.
Estimated Development Cost for -Transport hub• 1st Phase would consist of Institute of Driving Training Research and Inspection & Certification Centres during the Eleventh Five Year Plan at a cost of INR.14 crores and INR.14.40 crores respectively per centre. (approx 28 crores).• The total cost for transport hub will be approx NR 150 Crore (including land and basic Infrastructure development cost). Total Development Cost for the Secured Transportation hub is Estimated Around INR 145 Crore.(excluding land and basic Infrastructure development cost) The Transport hub is planned to cover 100 Acres of land cost of acquisition for the same will be Rs.2,00,000 / Acre The Total Land acquision cost will be INR 2 - 5 Crore 31
Some of major Infrastructure WiseBudgetary Estimation Cost for -Transport hub(1/4) 32
Some of major Infrastructure WiseBudgetary Estimation Cost for -Transport hub (2/4) 33
Some of major Infrastructure WiseBudgetary Estimation Cost for -Transport hub(3/4) 34
Some of major Infrastructure WiseBudgetary Estimation Cost for -Transport hub (4/4) 35
Road Development and Secured Governance This project will retain a position as a city of the future through its cosmopolitan characteristics and global Presence, and to enable and empower growth opportunities to promote• Innovation and economic prosperity• A clean and Green Environment• High quality Infrastructure• State of art Transport Facility• Security with state of art Technology.• Better and quality Communication System• Social upliftment and increase employability of local population.• Conservation of Heritage and Diverse culture of local population• And Responsive and efficient governance.
Secured Governance – TransportAn Unique Techno – economic corridor for Transport Greenfield Private, Public Secured Development Participation Governance• Conceived with • Effective Planning • Interdependency Economic Focus and among Sectors• State of art Implementation • Economic Infrastructure • Institutional prosperity and• Technological Efficiency Growth Development and • Operations and • Civic Voice and Security Maintenance Choice.• Environmental over long period. • Self sustained Stability funding capabilities. 41
Area And Infrastructure plan•Population - 10,000 (increasing upto 1lakh over years)•Total Land Allocation for Township - 250 - 300 Acres or 100 hectares•Total Usable area Per Person - 1000 Square feet LAND USE % OF LAND Residential 35 Commercial 10 Industrial 25 Green/ Recreational 10 Relocation and Local cultural development 10 Circulation 10
Secured Governance Transport and Majorsupportive sector development includes … Hospitality Water Education Supply TelecomPowerPower Transport Hub HealthcareTraining Bank & ATMCentres Retail Industry . Sector
Area Mapping for Secured Township – Delhi Jaipur Highway Tentative Preferred area for the township could be major towns and developing regions over and across the highway as following:-• Gurgaon • Kotputli• Sohana • Pragpura• Dharunhera • Bawadi• Rewari • Shahpura• Shahajanpur • Chandwaji• Behror • Dhand • Amer
Highway Development Cost• Officials of the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) estimate the average cost of building fourlane highways at around INR 8 crore per km and six-lane highways at around INR 14 crore per km, inclusive of land costs.• On an average, 45 labourers are employed for every km of road taken up for development, with each paid between INR 250 and INR 500 a day.• Total Cost for Developing a National Highway for 280 Km would range around4 lane – 2,300 Crores INR6 Lane- 4,000 Crores INRReturns : -1. Government or agencies can recover the return by rendering advertorials over the Highway.2. An state of art Electronic Road Tolling system will boost the returns and a brings in secured governance into the Toll collection Process.
Estimated Township Development Cost• Total Development Cost for the Secured Township Phase 1 Development is Estimated Around INR 1,200 crore.(excluding land and Infrastructure development cost)• The city/Township is planned to cover 250 – 350 Acres of land and will be home to 10,000 and increasing.• Valuation is estimated to approx INR 8,500 Crores (various sectors put together) calculation as discussed below. 48
Looking forward through an effective Public Private Partnership 54
Public Private PartnershipPublic Private Partnerships (PPP) implies the coming together of two dominant but divergent sectors ofthe economy, each with different prescriptions and objectives, for the overall development of thecommunity. Public Private Partnerships have emerged as one of the latest and successful instruments ofpublic finance, and are increasingly adopted by both developed and developing countries for buildingand rebuilding their infrastructure framework.• Allows access to the substantial financial resources of the private sector• Enables public sector to obtain private sector technical expertise, experience and efficiency• Enables transfer of project-related risks to the private sector• Brings the public and private sectors together as partners in a contractual agreement, for a pre- defined period (eg. 30 years) matched to the life of the infrastructure assets used to provide the services.• Private partners (investors, contractors and operators) provide specified infrastructure services and, in return, the public sector either pays for those services or grants the private partner the right to generate revenue from the project.Web Based Toolkit offers friendly support and training.Source: Developing Tool Kits for Improving Public Private Partnership Decision Making Processes- User Guide, PPP Cell,Department of Economic Affairs Ministry of Finance, Government of India New Delhi-110 001, India, December 2010,page 2.The strategy for the Eleventh Plan also encourages private sector participation directly as well as through various forms of PPPs where desirable and feasible. Private and PPP investmentsare estimated to have accounted for a little over 30.0 % of total investment in infrastructure in the Eleventh Plan. Their share may have to rise to 50.0 % in the Twelfth Plan.
PPP Model Process Framework As per Report of Government of India Ministry of Finance Department of Economic Affairs
Schemes and Modalities of PPP Schemes Modalities Build-own-operate (BOO) The private sector designs, builds, owns, develops, operates Build-develop-operate (BDO) and manages an asset with no obligation to transferDesign-construct-manage-finance (DCMF) ownership to the government. These are variants of design- build-finance-operate (DBFO) schemes. Buy-build-operate (BBO) The private sector buys or leases an existing asset from the Lease-develop-operate (LDO) Government, renovates, modernises, and/ or expands it, Wrap-around addition (WAA) and then operates the asset, again with no obligation to transfer ownership back to the Government. Build-operate-transfer (BOT) The private sector designs and builds an asset, operates it,Build-own-operate-transfer (BOOT) Build- and then transfers it to the Government when the operating rent-own-transfer (BROT) contract ends, or at some other pre-specified time. TheBuild-lease-operate-transfer (BLOT) Build- private partner may subsequently rent or lease the asset transfer-operate (BTO) from the Government. Source: Public Private Partnership, Fiscal Affairs Department of the IMF.
Project Development Process for Secured Governance TransportIn the Presently Available Guidelines and Rules.. 58
Procedure for Approval of Public Private Partnership ProjectsThe Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) in its meeting of 27thOctober, 2005 approved the procedure for approval of public privatepartnership (PPP) projects. Pursuant to this decision, a Public PrivatePartnership Approval Committee (PPPAC) is beingset up comprising of the following:[a]. Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs (in the Chair)[b]. Secretary, Planning Commission[c]. Secretary, Department of Expenditure;[d]. Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs ; and[e]. Secretary of the Department sponsoring a project. F.No.2/10/2004-INF ,Government of India, Ministry of Finance, Department of Economic Affairs
Formulation of Governing Structure • Committee under the Chairmanship of Secretary (Economic Empowered Affairs) and including Secretary Planning Commission, Secretary Committee (Expenditure) and the Secretary of the line ministry dealing with the subject. Empowered • An institution, company or inter-ministerial group designated by Institution the Government for the purposes of this project. • financial institution (FI) that is funding the PPP project, and inLead Financial case there is a consortium of FIs, the FI designated as such by Institution the consortium; • Various private sector enterprises will be called in under public Private Sector private partnership for development, maintenance andCompany means operational and other defined activities.Source :- As per Report of Government of India Ministry of Finance Department of Economic Affairs
Management of Assets• The infrastructure and assets created will be maintained and managed by the Central Agency or any other designated entity with no financial commitment to Ministry , Government of India.• Monitoring Committee: – This Committee would consist of one nominee each of the Ministry, Government of India, Central Agency and the implementing agency if any. – The Central Agency will submit physical and financial progress report to the Ministry on regular basis. The Agency will be responsible for completion of projects within the stipulated period. – The Ministry will review the implementation of the project periodically. Source :- As per Report of Government of India Ministry of Finance Department of Economic Affairs
Project Development Process Source: Developing Tool Kits for Improving Public Private Partnership Decision Making Processes- User Guide, PPP Cell,Department of Economic Affairs Ministry of Finance, Government of India New Delhi-110 001, India, December 2010, page 5.
Arrangement of funding of PPP projectsThe arrangement of funding of PPP projects have also been provided for. The Finance Minister had inhis budget speech for the year 2011-2012 announced the setting up of Infrastructure Debt Funds(IDFs), to facilitate the flow of long-term debt into infrastructure projects. RBI has provided for“Infrastructure Debt Fund-Non-Banking Financial Company” or “IDF-NBFC”. IDF-NBFCs shall investonly in PPP and post COD infrastructure projects which have completed at least one year ofsatisfactory commercial operation and are a party to a Tripartite Agreement with the Concessionaireand the Project Authority for ensuring a compulsory buyout with termination payment.Source: Notification No. DNBS.233 / CGM(US)-2011 dated November 21, 2011Scheme for Financing Viable Infrastructure Projects through a Special Purpose Vehicle called the IndiaInfrastructure Finance Company Limited (IIFCL)Source: The scheme was notified by the Ministry of Finance, Department of Economic Affairs vide O.M.No. 10/12/2005-INF dated 4th January 2006.
Conclusion - Establish Transport Secured for sustained development of transport corridor in order to streamline exchanges and communication and hence, boost trade & commerce to gain robust economic growth for nation building; Implementing Transport Secured Governance in transport sector will have the qualities of a venture fund; performance will vary; We shouldn’t retreat from risk, but manage risks in transport corridor to the full extent possible in the clear knowledge that some attempts will fail in devising and implementing secured governance, but that without innovative and flexible approaches none will succeed; 64
Micro Tech Global Foundation (MTGF)• Micro Tech Global Foundation is a, self sustaining organization which aims to come up with encouraging steps that helps in promoting , overall developments in the field of• Education and Research• Sports,• Culture• Philanthropy• MTGF has been involved in promoting these activities:- – By actively involving in the growth of young and old through Elite Brigade – Upliftment in the field of multi- sports and cultural activities – Has set up Forum for Corporate Governance; Micro Secure Think Tank etc
Micro Tech Global Foundation (MTGF)• MTGF creates various events for Cultural development, to raise public awareness, and fight stereotypes, in an effort to promote a unified society• We create opportunities to bring people together regardless of racial, ethnic, religious or other differences• We organize programs like musical concerts, art exhibitions, Drama and dance with excellent performers for upliftment of young talents• The doctrine of MTGF reveals that a secured society not only enhance the quality of life of a citizen and a nation as a whole but also brings automation in business processes to enhance productivity, hence the economic growth• To this end, MTGF has brought in a series of books on security requirements of various states in India as well as various countries like Australia, Israel, Sri Lanka• We are also working on series of books on various layers of Manpower requirements in Security and Technologies and products• Our mission is to encourage research to achieve the higher technological goals