The learning process
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The learning process






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The learning process The learning process Presentation Transcript

  • LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWS Skinner – Previous behaviour required to form new thinking, feelings and skills
  • LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWSCole & Bruce – Continuous interaction with environment is required
  • LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWSCrow and Crow – Required active process
  • LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWS Smith – Strengthening or weakening results due to experiences
  • LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWS Wany – Acquiring change requires experience
  • LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWSWoodworth – Activity brings alteration
  • LEARNING – EXPERTS VIEWSKingsley &Garry –Practiceproducesbehaviour
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONImplies changes in: Responses Reactions Thoughts Conducts Skills Values
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONDynamic – (newness/ novelty)
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONProgressive – (forward heading with added effects)
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONPurposive – (purposeful)
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONGradual – (systematic)
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONWill – (determination)
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONConscience Process- awareness
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONThe prime conditions are:Readiness of the studentAptitude of the student
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONThe prime conditions are:Motivation provided by the teacherActivity provided by the teacher
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATIONThe prime condition is:Participation – working together
  • LEARNING – GENERAL EXPLANATION Learning Is relativelypermanent changedue to experience and training and results in skills, cognition and values
  • LEARNING - TYPES– Rational/cognitive Learning:– Mental assimilation of … in natural or supernatural order. Outcome is Knowledge– Results in conceptualization, philosophical principles, discovering application, understanding relationships etc.
  • LEARNING – TYPES (cont…) Motor/Muscular Learning – Change appears in the form of skill Range covers : Typing, handwriting, industrial art, learning to play music, muscular responses, elements of practice etc
  • LEARNING – TYPES (cont…)Associative learning – Any connection formed in learning where the two ideas connected are attended together as parts of a continues
  • LEARNING – TYPES (cont…)  Appreciative /affective learning – Acquisition of feeling, taste, emotion, will, values and other aspects of social and psychological development gained through feeling rather than intellectualization  Range covers fine arts, enjoyment of music, creative works in art, taste for literature, references for programs
  • LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLESUnderstanding the learner is basic
  • LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLESNext is the choice of methods
  • LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLESTraining aid for modeling is next
  • LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLES Clear & adequateinstruction is next
  • LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLES Motivation andsimulation for goal fulfillment are essential
  • LEARNING – GUIDING PRINCIPLESParticipation based teacher-student positive relationship is paramount
  • LEARNING - PRINCIPLESParticipation – For motivation, engagement and reinforcement
  • LEARNING - PRINCIPLES Repetition –Fixing the change in memory
  • LEARNING - PRINCIPLESRelevance –Meaningfulness of the change
  • LEARNING - PRINCIPLES Feedback – Information to beused as a base for principle of transference
  • LEARNING - PRINCIPLES Participation – For motivation, engagement and reinforcement Repetition – Fixing the change in memory Transference – Matching the change with the demand of the job Relevance – Meaningfulness of the change Feedback – Information to be used as a base for principle of transference
  • LEARNING – TEACHER’S TASK Tackle difficulties in learning Discover better teaching methods Develop good study habits for student Natural assimilation of knowledge Motivate student for learning Make environment favourable Understand the aim behind teaching the learning