Too more of something that is needed or wanted Too is used to describe adjectives, like hot, cold, big, small, etc. It’s too noisy. = I don’t like the noise. That lecture was too difficult. = I couldn’t understand the professor. Too + an adjective is not used before a noun. X This is a too hot classroom. O This classroom is too hot.
Too many a larger number (of something) than is needed or wanted It is used to describe countable , plural nouns. It is often used with the expression, “ There are… ”. There are too many cars. = There are more cars than we need. I watch too many movies. = I watch more movies than I should.
Too much a larger amount (of something) than is needed or wanted It is used to describe non-countable , singular nouns. It is often used with the expression, “ There is… ”. There is too much greed. = There is more greed than we need. I have too much homework. = I have more homework than I want.
Enough all that is required or needed; sufficient It goes after an adjective but comes before a noun It can be used to describe all nouns. (count/non-count) I have enough money to buy lunch. = I have the amount of money that I need to buy lunch. My apartment is big enough . = There is sufficient space in which to live.
Not enough (…n’t enough) something more is needed; insufficient I do n’t have enough money to buy lunch. = I need more money to buy lunch. My apartment is n’t big enough . (X enough big) = My apartment is too small. There are n’t enough places to park on campus. = There are too many cars on campus.
Let’s check your understanding of too , too many , too much and enough . Fill in the blanks with the correct expression. Ready?
Answer Key 1. Put on the heater. It's too cold. 2. Now that you are 18, you are old enough to vote. 3. You look drunk. You've had too much beer. 4. It's very crowded. There are too many people. 5. I'd like to have more friends. I don't have enough . 6. Relax. You work too hard. 7. I don't want to buy it. It costs too much . 8. That jacket is too big for you. 9. I don't know enough English vocabulary. 10. This coffee is too hot to drink. 11. I cannot come out this evening. I've got too much studying to do. 12. I don't want to buy it. There are too many problems with it. 13. I'm not sure we've got enough paper to print out the document. 14. I don't have time to come. I'm too busy. 15. I'm not buying that. It's too expensive. 16. I hate driving in Seoul. There is too much traffic. 17. I don't want him on my team. He works too slowly. 18. It seems there aren’t enough places to park on campus. 19. I'm afraid I don't speak English well enough to debate in it. (as an adverb, sufficiently) 20. I've eaten too much . I feel sick.