Pacific Northwest Rail Corridor

                          Regional Presentation



             Scott L. Witt            ...
Introduction
Pacific Northwest Rail Corridor (PNWRC)

 Federally-designated High-speed Rail
 Corridor
 466-mile rail corri...
Introduction
Amtrak Cascades
 Jointly funded by Oregon DOT,
 Washington State DOT and Amtrak
 Uses Talgo, Inc. manufacture...
PNWRC and Amtrak Cascades – A Brief History
1993, WSDOT was directed to develop “high-quality intercity passenger rail
ser...
Annual Ridership on Amtrak Cascades
           Number of Passengers
 900,000
              Oregon Trains
 800,000      Amt...
Plans for the PNWRC in Washington State
WSDOT’s Long-Range Plan
Expand intercity passenger rail service to the meet the go...
Plans for the PNWRC in Washington State
WSDOT’s Mid-Range Plan
Expand intercity passenger rail service to the meet the goa...
Incrementalism through Building Blocks
 WSDOT philosophy and direction:
 develop “through incremental
 upgrading”
 Up to 2...
Building Blocks – How has it been going?
Used to add three increments:
 Seattle-Vancouver, BC round trip
    - 2 new sidin...
Corridor Speeds

Currently, maximum 79 MPH (Class 4) on the PNWRC
Highest speeds currently planned 110 MPH (Class 6)
  - P...
What is needed to achieve the service goals?
Faster, More Frequent Amtrak Cascades Service

 Positive Train Control
   - B...
Challenges and Opportunities for the PNWRC
A shared corridor and more
 Integrating Operations with Partners
   - BNSF Rail...
Washington State Funding
Past and Future


Operating
$199 Million from 1994 through 2008
$29.1 Million budgeted from 2009 ...
Pacific Northwest
Rail Corridor:
Oregon Segment

Portland to Eugene: 124 miles

Five Stations:
   Portland
   Oregon City
...
Oregon’s Investment in Rail
Cascades Corridor investment $51m (94-08)

Freight rail grants & funds $12.5m (00-03)

Connect...
Passenger Related Investment

 Capital
   $71.6m since 1994
   13 projects
   Stations, track, CTC, &
   equipment


 Oper...
Amtrak Cascades: Oregon Segment History


       Trains                                 Buses
1887 Through West Coast serv...
Amtrak Cascades: Oregon Segment Ridership


       Trains                          Buses
   2 Round trips per day         ...
For more information on rail accountability, please contact:

Scott Witt, Director
State Rail and Marine Office           ...
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Pacific Northwest

  1. 1. Pacific Northwest Rail Corridor Regional Presentation Scott L. Witt Kelly Taylor Director, State Rail & Marine Office Administrator, Rail Division Washington Department of Transportation Oregon Department of Transportation Paula Hammond Steve Reinmuth Secretary of Transportation Chief of Staff Washington Department of Transportation Washington Department of Transportation Seattle May 27, 2009
  2. 2. Introduction Pacific Northwest Rail Corridor (PNWRC) Federally-designated High-speed Rail Corridor 466-mile rail corridor Serves 17 communities totaling 8 million people Hosts 11 Amtrak Cascades trains Hosts 6 Amtrak long-distance trains Hosts 24 Sound Transit commuter rail trains between Tacoma and Everett (26 starting June 1) Union Pacific Railroad’s (UP) tracks between Eugene and Portland BNSF Railway between Portland, Seattle and Vancouver, BC UP and BNSF policy toward passenger service – “Keep Us Whole”
  3. 3. Introduction Amtrak Cascades Jointly funded by Oregon DOT, Washington State DOT and Amtrak Uses Talgo, Inc. manufactured articulated train sets Pendular passive tilting technology Electromotive Division (EMD) F59 locomotive Non-powered F40 locomotive is used as a cab car in a push-pull configuration Maximum of 79 miles per hour 5 inches of cant deficiency
  4. 4. PNWRC and Amtrak Cascades – A Brief History 1993, WSDOT was directed to develop “high-quality intercity passenger rail service ... through incremental upgrading of the existing [Amtrak] service.” 1994 WSDOT funds 2nd Seattle-Portland round trip 1995 Oregon adds Portland-Eugene round trip 1995 Seattle-Vancouver, BC, round trip re-introduced - First incremental improvements constructed 1997 WSDOT adds 3rd Seattle-Portland Round Trip 1999 Amtrak Cascades service debuts 1999 Seattle-Bellingham train added 2000 2nd Portland-Eugene train added 2006 4th Seattle-Portland round trip added
  5. 5. Annual Ridership on Amtrak Cascades Number of Passengers 900,000 Oregon Trains 800,000 Amtrak Trains 700,000 Washington Trains 600,000 500,000 400,000 300,000 200,000 100,000 0 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Source: WSDOT State Rail and Marine Office
  6. 6. Plans for the PNWRC in Washington State WSDOT’s Long-Range Plan Expand intercity passenger rail service to the meet the goals of: 13 round trips per day between Seattle and Portland on one-hour headways and in a scheduled travel time of 2:30 Four round trips per day between Seattle and Vancouver, BC, on two-hour headways and in a scheduled travel time of 2:40 Projected to have nearly 3,000,000 riders at full build-out Estimated to cost $6.5 to $6.7 billion, (2006$) Amtrak Cascades Projected Future Ridership Washington Segment Only Corridor 2004 Mid-point 2023 Seattle to Vancouver, BC 156,872 418,100 945,700 Seattle to Portland, OR 351,426 932,100 1,916,400 Portland, OR to Vancouver, BC N/A 59,900 133,200 Total 508,298 1,410,100 2,995,300 Source: Washington State Department of Transportation State Rail & Marine Office and the unpublished Amtrak Cascades Ridership and Revenue Forecasts Technical Paper, 2004.
  7. 7. Plans for the PNWRC in Washington State WSDOT’s Mid-Range Plan Expand intercity passenger rail service to the meet the goals of: Provide 4 options for expansion of service over the next 8 years Most expansive option increases to 8 the round trips per day between Seattle and Portland on two-hour headways and in a scheduled travel time of 3:25 Conservatively projected to have nearly 900,000 riders by 2017 Estimated to cost $1.5 billion (2008$) Annual Ridership Growth by Option FY2007 vs. FY2017 Washington Segment Only 1,000,000 890,000 900,000 822,000 Riders 800,000 783,000 700,000 646,130 600,000 574,202 574,202 574,202 574,202 500,000 400,000 Option 1: Option 2: Option 3: Option 4: FY2007 FY2017 Source: Washington State Department of Transportation State Rail & Marine Office Amtrak Cascades Mid-Range Plan 2008.
  8. 8. Incrementalism through Building Blocks WSDOT philosophy and direction: develop “through incremental upgrading” Up to 20 projects grouped into three “building block” increments For each of three planned increments: Night Photo of Amtrak Cascades trainset - Capital construction plans and cost estimates - Operating plan and equipment requirements - Ridership and revenue forecasts Policy makers know – How the last increment performed – What they will get before they choose to fund an increment Track Laying Machine (TLM) builds track on the PNWRC
  9. 9. Building Blocks – How has it been going? Used to add three increments: Seattle-Vancouver, BC round trip - 2 new sidings, 1 extended siding, new storage tracks Seattle-Bellingham round trip - 2 yard bypasses, 1 extended siding, 2 new receiving tracks Amtrak Cascades train passes Titlow Crossover in Tacoma, WA. 4th Seattle-Portland round trip - 4 universal crossovers Current projects will add a 5th Seattle- Portland round trip - Vancouver - Yard Bypass & W 39th St Bridge - Tacoma – Bypass of Pt. Defiance - three universal crossover projects Turn-out track panels being unloaded at new Centennial Crossovers in Lacey, WA.
  10. 10. Corridor Speeds Currently, maximum 79 MPH (Class 4) on the PNWRC Highest speeds currently planned 110 MPH (Class 6) - Passenger-only tracks - Rural areas only - Maintain 79 MPH in “shared” territory - Goal is to improved average speed Balancing Costs, Safety and Environmental Issues with Higher Speeds An Amtrak Cascades train speeds along Bellingham - Tighter curves mean less right-of-way costs Bay in Bellingham, WA - Tighter curves results in less impacts to environment - Reduces cost of fuel: accelerating only to slow a short time later
  11. 11. What is needed to achieve the service goals? Faster, More Frequent Amtrak Cascades Service Positive Train Control - BNSF Communications-Based Train- Control shows promise - Includes System Safety Plan - Needed for both higher speeds and more capacity New and More Equipment for more frequent service and faster service An EMD F59 Locomotive Pulls an Amtrak Cascades train set - Tilting Train Sets at up to 8 inches cant through a 2 degree curve in Burlington, WA deficiency - Improved Locomotives & Technologies Low center of gravity Faster acceleration above 79 MPH Locomotives on both ends of trains
  12. 12. Challenges and Opportunities for the PNWRC A shared corridor and more Integrating Operations with Partners - BNSF Railway - Amtrak - Sound Transit - State of Oregon - Province of British Columbia International Border - Freight Train Inspections A BNSF Railway freight train passes Safeco Field in Seattle, WA - Passenger Pre-clearance U.S. Federal Funding - $18 Million in 14 years - Future ARRA and PRIIA Funding A BNSF Railway freight train switches cars in Everett, WA
  13. 13. Washington State Funding Past and Future Operating $199 Million from 1994 through 2008 $29.1 Million budgeted from 2009 to 2011 Capital $137 Million spent from 1994 through 2008 $139 Million projected from 2008 through 2013
  14. 14. Pacific Northwest Rail Corridor: Oregon Segment Portland to Eugene: 124 miles Five Stations: Portland Oregon City Salem Albany Eugene
  15. 15. Oregon’s Investment in Rail Cascades Corridor investment $51m (94-08) Freight rail grants & funds $12.5m (00-03) Connect Oregon I & II, $102m (05-07) State ARRA Highway Funds $17m (09) Connect Oregon III (09) TOTAL $183 million
  16. 16. Passenger Related Investment Capital $71.6m since 1994 13 projects Stations, track, CTC, & equipment Operations $9.5m per biennium 50% dedicated (expected to increase to 100%) 50% general fund
  17. 17. Amtrak Cascades: Oregon Segment History Trains Buses 1887 Through West Coast service begins 1994 Two round trip buses begin 1994 First Cascades round trip begins 2008 Third round trip bus begins 2000 Second Cascades round trip begins
  18. 18. Amtrak Cascades: Oregon Segment Ridership Trains Buses 2 Round trips per day 3 Round trips per day Ridership up 18% since 2007 Ridership up 48% since 2007 Ridership up 182% since 1995 Ridership up 281% since 1995
  19. 19. For more information on rail accountability, please contact: Scott Witt, Director State Rail and Marine Office Washington State at (360) 705-6903 or WittS@wsdot.wa.gov. Department of Transportation Kelly Taylor, Rail Division Administrator Oregon Department of Transportation at (503) 986-4125 or kelly.c.taylor@odot.state.or.us

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