Mashup: A mashup novel, or mashup book (also mash-up), is a work of fiction which combines a pre-existing text, often a classic work of fiction,...Folksonomy: The activity of sorting information into categories derived from the consensus of the information users.
Anwarul Islam. PhDanwarpulak@gmail.com
Library 2.0DefinitionsLibrary 2.0 = Web 2.0 tools + Library servicesLibrary 2.0 describes a subset of library services designed to meet user needs caused by the direct and peripheral effects of Web 2.0 services …. (Habib, 2006: p.24).
Web 2.0The term Web 2.0 is associated with web applications that facilitate participatory information sharing, interoperability, user- centered design, and collaboration on the World Wide Web. (Web 2.0 –Wikipedia, 2011)Examples of Web 2.0 include social networking sites, blogs, wikis, video sharing sites, hosted services, web applications, mashups and folksonomies.
Web 2.0 vs Library 2.0 Web 2.0 Library 2.0Tim O’Reilly librarycrunch.comweb as platform user participationread/write user-centred servicesperpetual beta radical trust
Library 1.0 vs Library 2.0Library 1.0 Library 2.0Closed stacks Open StacksCollection Development Library Suggestion boxPreorganized ILS User taggingWalk-in services Globally available services“Read-only” catalog OPACPrint newsletter mailed out Team-built blogEasy=dumb users Easy=smart systemsLimited service options Broad range of optionsInformation as commodity Information as conversationMonolithic applications Flexible, adaptive moduleMission focus in output Mission focus in outcomeILS is core operation User services are core
Library (the taxonomy) • Traditional • Hybrid On • Digital/Virtualcollections • Poly-media • Public • Academic On • Special service • National
Kindle (an e-reader) Developer Amazon.comThe fourth generationKindle, Kindle Touch and Manufacturer FoxconnKindle Touch 3G can display Product family KindleKindle (AZW), TXT, PDF,unprotected MOBI, and PRC Type E-book readerfiles natively. HTML, DOC, Release date November 19, 2007DOCX, JPEG, GIF, PNG, andBMP are usable through Introductory price $399conversion. Operating system Linux 2.6.26 A third generation Kindle (now known as "Kindle Keyboard") in graphite color
RSS• RSS = Really Simple Syndication is a family of web feed formats used to publish frequently updated works—such as entries, news headlines, audio, and video—in a standardized format.• RSS document (which is called a "feed", "web feed", or "channel") includes full or summarized text, plus metadata such as publishing dates and authorship.• Web feeds benefit publishers by letting them syndicate content automatically.• They benefit readers who want to subscribe to timely updates from favored websites or to aggregate feeds from many sites into one place.• RSS feeds can be read using software called an “RSS reader”, "feed reader", or “aggregator”, which can be web-based, desktop-based, or mobile-device-based.• The user subscribes to a feed by entering into the reader the feeds URI or by clicking a feed icon in a web browser that initiates the subscription process.• The RSS reader checks the users subscribed feeds regularly for new work, downloads any updates that it finds, and provides a user interface to monitor and read the feeds.• RSS allows users to avoid manually inspecting all of the websites they are interested in, and instead subscribe to websites such that all new content is pushed onto their browsers when it becomes available.
RSS History & VariantsThe RSS formats were preceded by several attempts at web syndication that did not achieve widespread popularity. The basic idea of restructuring information about websites goes back to as early as 1995, when Ramanathan V. Guha and other in Apple Computer’s Advanced Technology Group developed the Meta Content Framework.There are several different versions of RSS- – RSS 0.90 – RSS 0.91 – RSS 0.92 – RSS 1.0 – RSS 1.1 – RSS2.01
What are the benefits to having an RSS feed?RSS is beneficial to both publishers and website visitors. To keep things simple I have listed just a few of the benefits for both publishers and website visitors. RSS benefits for publishers: 1. Reaching new audiences through syndication 2. Improved search engine optimization 3. Easier and less expensive vehicle for communication than email. 4. Additional way to communicate with customers or potential customers. RSS benefits for website visitors: 1. Website visitors do not have to release personal information in order to subscribe to an RSS feed. 2. 100% opt-in, users control the content they wish to receive. 3. Faster method for scanning content (saves time)
How 2 subscribe RSSFind the RSS icon or button and subscribe.• Websites and blogs that have feeds want you to subscribe. They provide buttons like those seen below.The process is:• Right click on the RSS icon or button.• Select Copy Link Location to copy the URL of the feed.• Go to your RSS Feed Reader.• Paste the URL into your Feed reader.
Elements of Library 2.0• It is user-centered-Users participate in the creation of the content and services they view within the librarys web-presence, OPAC, etc. The consumption and creation of content is dynamic, and thus the roles of librarian and user are not always clear.• It provides a multi-media experience-Both the collections and services of Library 2.0 contain video and audio components. While this is not often cited as a function of Library 2.0, it is here suggested that it should be.• It is socially rich-The librarys web-presence includes users presences. There are both synchronous (e.g. IM) and asynchronous (e.g. wikis) ways for users to communicate with one another and with librarians.• It is communally innovative-This is perhaps the single most important aspect of Library 2.0. It rests on the foundation of libraries as a community service, but understands that as communities change, libraries must not only change with them, they must allow users to change the library. It seeks to continually change its services, to find new ways to allow communities, not just individuals to seek, find, and utilize information.
Ward Cunningham WikiA wiki is a website which allows its users to add, modify, or delete its content via a web browser using a simplified markup language or a rich-text editor. Wikis are powered by wiki software. Most are created collaboratively.
WikipediaWikipedia is a free, collaboratively edited and multilingual Internetencyclopedia supported by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation.•22 million articles (over 3.9 million in English alone) have been written collaborativelyby volunteers around the world.•It has about 100,000 regularly active contributors.•As of June 2012, there are editions of Wikipedia in 285 languages.• 365 million readers worldwide.Wikipedia was launched in January 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. Sangercoined the name Wikipedia, which is a portmanteau of wiki (a type of collaborativewebsite, from the Hawaiian word wiki, meaning "quick") and encyclopedia.
Wikis• Bangla Wikipediahttp://bn.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia• Bangla Wiki Bookshttp://bn.wikisource.org• LIS Wikihttp://liswiki.org/wiki/Main_Page
IR Open Source SoftwareDspace A software platform developed and used at MIT that enables institutions to capture and describe digital works using a submission workflow module. The system enables these works to be archived and distributed over the web through a search and retrieval system.Fedora A software platform that provides a robust foundation for an array of innovative solutions including open-access publishing, scholarly communication, e-science, digital libraries, archives, education, and more. Using a standards- based, service-oriented architecture, the Fedora platform provides an extensible framework of service components to support features such as OAI-PMH, search engine integration, fine-grained access control, content versioning and integrity checking, dynamic views of digital objects and formal semantic relationships among them.GNU EPrints Archive Software A software platform developed at the University of Southampton which creates online archives that can be "full- text" searched with enhanced searching for names and dates.IR+ IR+ is an institutional repository software project. It is a fully featured digital repository management solution that is easy for users to understand and manage. Its goals are to meet the needs of any organization that needs to author, publish and preserve digital information.OCLC Research Software A list of open source software developed by the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) to build a repository and harvest data according to OAI-PMH standards.
SMS for Reference Services• Google SMS• Altaramas Reference by SMS• AIM Hack: Your users can: – Send a message to 246246 (AIMAIM) – Enter the text "send [librarys AIM address] [question]" (without quotations or brackets) • For example: • send anytownlibrarychat what are yr hours? – From that point on, send and receive messages as you normally would. (Your patron doesnt need to use the account prefix, etc. for each message during the session) – Standard messaging rates will apply• Text a Librarian, Powered by Mosio - Text Message (SMS) Reference Services. Accessible on over 260 million US mobile phones using a mobile, cell phone carrier approved technologies. Used by single branch libraries or multi- library cooperatives.• LibraryH3lp Twilio SMS Gateway - Patrons text a phone number, not a short code/keyword combination. US phone numbers only; international texts can be received and sent. Text messages can be flexibly routed and transferred among librarians.• LibraryH3lp Android SMS Gateway - Library provides the Google Android phone and creates a gateway using LibraryH3lp. Patrons text a phone number, not a short code/keyword combination. Text messages can be flexibly routed and transferred among librarians.• LibraryH3lp Google Voice Gateway - Library obtains a Google Voice account and phone number. Patrons text a phone number, not a short code/keyword combination. Librarian respond via IM as with other LibraryH3lp questions.• Upside Wireless is an SMS gateway company used by UCLA Libraries• Twilio Provides US phone numbers and APIs for developers to use in creating their own applications. Libraries with programming resources available could roll their own SMS service.
Mobile Enhanced Library services http://www.slideshare.net/tsierra/opportuniti es-for-mobile-enhanced-library-services-and- http://m.lib.ncsu.edu/ collections