I first came to Korea as an invited observer, and representitive of Sudan in the 14 th IOI. After the World cup…Amazed by dynamicity of the Country (Bally Bally style), volunteerism , etc… • Read about the Korean modern history….found similarities… • I’m here to learn…how to develop my country… bottom-up approach . • Since my country successive governments failed to do it , top-down approach!
2. “ When we reject the single story, when we realize that there is never a single story about any place, we regain a kind of paradise.” (Chimamanda Adichie: The danger of a single story TEDGlobal 2009) To explain the present without recognizing the past can distort the explanation (Rothe, J., 2000).
3. How & Why I came to Korea?
4. 2003~present: Korea from different angles!
5. Sudan vs. South Korea <ul><li>Sudan is 10 times the size of the United Kingdom, 4.5 times the size of France; it is the </li></ul><ul><li>largest country in Africa! </li></ul>
6. Massive Taharqa statue discovered deep in Sudan Kings 19:9 9 Quote: Now Sennacherib received a report that Tirhakah, the Cushitea [a] king of Egypt , was marching out to fight against him. So he again sent messengers to Hezekiah with this word:
9. The Nile River The White Nile coming from lake VICTORIA,UGANDA, joins the Blue Nile which is coming from lake TANA, Ethiopia at Khartoum confluence.
10. Modern History of Sudan at the Crossroads <ul><li>Invasion and Canonicalization </li></ul><ul><li>Liberation and Quest for freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Internal and External disharmony </li></ul>Source
11. 1820 Sudan lost Independence Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
12. 1821/22 - 1881/85 EGYPTIAN SUDAN THE EVE OF COLONIALISM 1874-1882 NORTHERN SUDAN EGYPTIAN 1832-1840 Source
13. Sudanese Mahdiyya State MAHDIYYA 1882 - 1898 Source
14. Sudan, 1899 – 1918 Source
15. Modern Sudan Source
16. Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Rule (Sept. 2, 1898 – Jan. 1, 1956) Governor’s flag Joint UK flag Jan 19, 1899 to Jan 1, 1956 Joint Egypt flag Source
17. What Happened during this period? 1956-1970 Nile-Desert-Forest Country Deceleration Excluded some people! 1970-present called the pan-Arab colors 1956 Sudan peaceful independence from British-Egypto
18. <ul><li>2.5 million people have perished due to war and natural disasters 70% of the population has been displaced during the war Women together with children account for over 80% of those displaced Influx of refugees to other countries Disintegration of the family unit (SRRA, 1996, p.23) Different forms of violence against women intensively increased Negative economic and social impact Education and health services were early casualties of conflict Destruction of infrastructure </li></ul>Military coup ! 3 times~ 43 years/54 years! Effects of the War on the civil society in the S. Sudan
19. People of Sudan
20. Manute Bol , Basket ball player Washington Bullets Popular Figures
21. Popular Figures Loul Deng Basket ball player Chicago Bulls
22. Popular Figures TED talk: Emmanuel Jal: The music of a war child Emmanual Jal Musician
23. Popular Figures Alek Wek Model
24. Popular Figures Abubaker Kaki Khamis Two-time World Indoor Champion over the 800 m distance
25. Popular Figures Ismail Ahmed Ismail Athletic Beijing 2008 Bronze Medal
26. Popular Figures Dr. Rashid Diab Artist
27. Dr. Francis M. Deng UN secretary General Special Adviser for the Prevention of Genocide Popular Figures
28. Popular Figures Alexander Siddig Hollywood Actor
29. Popular Figures And Many More…..
31. 1953 2011 1953 2011
32. Sudan has: Great History Young Population Natural Resources Fertile Lands Nile River etc…
33. But… <ul><li>There are major problems… Internal & External </li></ul><ul><li>Health, Wealth, Economics, etc… & </li></ul><ul><li>Education! </li></ul>
34. Leadership training course @ Korea Sae-Ma-Uel Undong Diligence, Self help, cooperation. A bottom-up approach
35. Resolving problems through Education <ul><li>Investment in Education </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture-related Technologies </li></ul>
36. How and where to start ? One Laptop per Child
37. Blue e-Book Yellow Pivoting Laptop Green Hand-cranked Laptop
38. Medhanit Maru an Ethiopian second grade student explains <ul><ul><li>"I like the way I can hold so many different books in a small space and how it is more fun than a normal book because you can put so many things in it and it does not get full." </li></ul></ul>Source
39. XO Advantages <ul><li>OLPC has a number of good characteristics that makes it attractive for the case of Sudan , such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>XO laptops designed to survive in a very harsh conditions :rain, dust, bright sunlight and the lack in electricity supply . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cost laptops suitable for countries with underdeveloped economy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar (the XO interface) has very interactive and enjoyable activities that help children to explore and learn , for OLPC everyone has the potential for being both a learner and a teacher.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The collaboration between children and other community members will make learning process more engaging and stimulate critical thinking skills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It motivates children for learning and they get attached to it quickly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The XO laptops have the ability to run its activities with almost any language . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cost internet connectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more need for Text books </li></ul></ul>
40. Venus Gorashi, Computers in education in Sudan: a tool for empowering children and youth : A policy brief ,Course report. International institute for social studies,2010
41. Creation of Facebook page
42. Creation of Network of different institutions (Gov, Uni. NGO,etc…) to bring OLPC to Sudan 13-2-2011 Presentation about One Laptop Per Child, Office of Minister of Education, Dr. Farah Mustafa Abdullah
43. Contacting OLPC organization <ul><li>Jay Lee (OLPC ASIA) through Yu jin Lee ( TEDx Seoul team) </li></ul><ul><li>OLPC Africa through Jay Lee </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker invitation to TEDx Khartoum in April 30 th </li></ul>
44. Creation of website http://olpcsudan.org/ <ul><li>One Laptop Per Child to Sudan </li></ul>
45. Looking for Fund to bring OLPC to Sudan <ul><li>Tried few ways in the private sector </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Didn’t work with what you see is what you get/ Hit and Run Models! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Partner NGO </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ambiguous stance! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tried the Governmental sector </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Too much promises, no one said NO! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Fund raising? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perhaps…. </li></ul></ul></ul>
46. Shipping Books to Sudan
47. If you want to go fast, go alone. If you want to go Far, Go together! African Proverb
48. Prepared by: Anwar Dafa-Alla E-mail: [email_address] Twitter: @Anwarking Facebook: /Anwarking Click to join and support: OLPC to Sudan