How to Find your Research Idea? KMCA workshop3-1-2012


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How to Find your Research Idea? KMCA workshop3-1-2012
By: Dr. Anwar Dafa-Alla

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  • Please read the note below the slides
  • Reference:
  • Prepared for TEDxKhartoum speaker workshop by Engineer Enas Ali Satir
  • We are usually encouraged to depend more on our analytical side.. THAT Helps us create reports, statistics..etc.. Which could be very informative..but a bit boring
  • While the creative side.. Like movies, music etc.. Are fun..
  • This Slide from:
  • This Slide from:
  • This Slide from:
  • Slide from: ppt … . Book: Everett M. Rogers (1995) , Diffusion of Innovation
  • Slide from: ppt /teaching- innovation . ppt Picture from:
  • Slide from: ppt /teaching- innovation . ppt
  • Please Search for more information about Edward de Bono!
  • Slide from :
  • Steve Johnson 2-
  • Dan Gilbert on our mistaken expectations
  • How to Find your Research Idea? KMCA workshop3-1-2012

    1. 1. How to write a research paper: Identifying Your Research Problem (Idea) Anwar F.A. Dafa-Alla, Ph.D. CS & IT Dept. Alzaiem Alazhari University [email_address] , 3-1-2012, Friendship Hall
    2. 2. <ul><li>Please read the note below these slides </li></ul><ul><li>they include references/notes/URLs, etc… </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop URL: </li></ul>
    3. 3. Why I’m here <ul><li>Learning from you  </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing with you: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2003 ~ 2010 Researching CS , Database & BioInformatics Lab, Chungbuk Nat’l University, Korea. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best research paper Award, FITAT/DBMI 2009. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taught “ Innovation ” to graduate students @ SUST. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keen about fostering R & D in Sudan and Africa (SudaDev, Sudanese Researchers Initiative, TEDx , etc…) Aiming to develop an intellectual IN ACTION community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My DNA sequence is : LEARNSHARELEARNETWORKNOWORK </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. S earch Vs. Re search <ul><li>School homework </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered and Shapely </li></ul><ul><li>College research </li></ul><ul><li>Random and hopeful </li></ul>
    5. 5. The qualities of good research skills <ul><li> Professor Guy Claxton : </li></ul><ul><li>Curiosity الفضول </li></ul><ul><li>Attentiveness الإنتباه </li></ul><ul><li>Patience الصبر </li></ul><ul><li>Hands-on construction التدرب عملياً على البناء </li></ul><ul><li>Skepticism الشك </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom الحرية </li></ul>
    6. 6. Agenda <ul><li>Creativity. Innovation. Creative Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Good Ideas Vs. Bad Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>The intelligence trap </li></ul><ul><li>Academic ability Vs. Creativity </li></ul>
    7. 7. We are usually born with two types of thinking.. The analytical side and the creative side…
    8. 8. Analytical
    9. 9. Creative
    10. 10. Creativity Bringing into existence an idea that is new to you Innovation The practical application of creative ideas Creative Thinking An innate talent that you were born with and a set of skills that can be learned, developed, and utilized in daily problem solving
    11. 11. Three Components of Creativity Expertise Motivation Creative Thinking Skills Creativity
    12. 12. <ul><li>Create thinking space in a company : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climb the ladder: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top Rung How do I make the organization more innovative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One rung down How do I Make my division more innovative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third rung How do I make my team more innovative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fourth rung How can I be more innovative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fifth rung How can I implement one new idea? </li></ul></ul>The idea process
    13. 13. Drivers for innovation <ul><ul><li>Financial pressures to reduce costs, increase efficiency, do more with less, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shorter product life cycles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value migration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stricter regulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry and community needs for sustainable development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased demend for accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demographic, social and maket changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rising customer expectations regarding service and quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater availability of potentially useful technologies coupled with a need to exceed the competition in these technologies </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Not just a good Idea! Creative solutions are more than ideas - they must work in the real world. A creative solution has three attributes: <ul><li>It is new (otherwise it would not be creative). </li></ul><ul><li>It is useful , in that it solves the problem (otherwise it would not be a solution). </li></ul><ul><li>It is feasible , given the messy real world constraints like money and time. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Stages of innovation adoption <ul><ul><li>Awareness - the individual is exposed to the innovation but lacks complete information about it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest - the individual becomes interested in the new idea and seeks additional information about it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluation - individual mentally applies the innovation to his present and anticipated future situation, and then decides whether or not to try it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trial - the individual makes full use of the innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adoption - the individual decides to continue the full use of the innovation. </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Bad ideas <ul><li>deliberately silly/bad ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. Zeer hammer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Analyse it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>what’s good, what’s bad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assume it is a good idea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>pretend it is optimal </li></ul></ul>  تصوير : مظفر عمر
    17. 17. Why bad ideas? <ul><li>Reduce personal commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Fun group exercise </li></ul><ul><li>to train critical thought </li></ul><ul><li>to inspire good ideas! </li></ul>
    18. 18. Importance of thinking <ul><li>&quot; Allows you to go from what you know, to what you don't know.&quot;- Edward de Bono </li></ul><ul><li>“ Thinking is a Skill and should be taught .”- Edward de Bono </li></ul>
    19. 19. Tools for Defining Problems Kipling Method Rudyard Kipling used a set of questions (5W + 1H) What? Where? When? Why? Who? When? How ? Problem Statement define the problem you are trying to solve Challenge Method force yourself or other people out of a thinking Tools for Defining Problems
    20. 20. Where good Ideas come from? <ul><li>Steve Johnson TED talks: </li></ul><ul><li>1- How the GPS is invented? </li></ul><ul><li>2- How did the epidemiology started? </li></ul>
    21. 21. Tools for Creating New Ideas Attribute Listing when you have a situation that can be decomposed into attributes Brainstorming probably the best-known creative tool. Visioning motivating view of the future
    22. 22. Thinking out of the box <ul><li>Take from here and there…put them there and here! </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Banking & Physics! </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling, Weather & Blogging! </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;3M“ Minnesota, Mining, and Manufacturing </li></ul>
    23. 23.  Daniel Bernoulli <ul><li>The expected value of any of our actions is the product of two simple things: the odds that this action will allow us to gain something, and the value of that gain to us. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Academic ability Vs. Creativity <ul><li>Do schools kill creativity? </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Ken Robinson, TED 2006 </li></ul>
    25. 25. All of them dropped out of school What am I still doing here?! 
    26. 26. Fostering R &D in Sudan & Africa If you want to go fast, go alone. If you want to go Far, Go together! African Proverb Go together!
    27. 27. References/Readings/Fun  <ul><li>Books: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diffusion of Innovation, Everett M. Rogers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The myth of Innovation, Scott Berkun </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PPTs: - ppt </li></ul><ul><ul><li> ppt /teaching- innovation . ppt   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation  & Knowledge Management - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Innovation  and Creativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funny stuff: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ph.D. Comics </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. About me <ul><li>Anwar F.A. Dafa-Alla,  Ph.D . </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant Professor, School of Computer Science and Information Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Al Zaiem Al Azhari University, P.O.Box 1432 Khartoum North 13311, Khartoum, Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>TEDxKhartoum  Licensee/Organizer TED Open Translation Project,  Most Active Volunteer Translator </li></ul><ul><li>President, SudanTED organization </li></ul><ul><li>Find me on: LinkedIn  .  Facebook  .  Twitter .  WikiPedia .  TED  . .  TEDxYonsei . TEDxSeoul  .  DBLP .  Academia  .  Sudanese Researchers Initiative .  TED For Arab .  Youtube  .  Blogger  .  DB/Bio LAB . </li></ul>