Arif AnwarCSSE 2011May 31, 2011Fredericton, NB, Canada
Strong Ties Weak Ties - Intra-ethnic - Inter-ethnic - Familial - Non-familial - Intra-community - Inter-community - Internal: - External: Newcomer- Newcomer-non- Newcomer Newcomer*‘Strong’ or ‘Weak’ refers to the nature of the ties, not the quality.Ties can be strong, weak or absent.
“Strong” Ties One individual precipitates “Weak” Ties Country of migration
As ‘weak’ hydrogen bonds hold huge watermolecules together weak ties have importantimplications for social and economic mobility
Most job offers come through acquaintances, not friends (Granovetter, 1973) Positive correlation between number of weak ties and aggregate wage and employment rates (Montgomery, 1992)
Thestrong social networks that await Newcomers in Canada can be detrimental for diverse job opportunities.
Newcomers may be unaware of other resources as well
Newcomers: information poor Non-newcomers: information rich
Tool for: - Social networking - Microblogging ‘SMS of the Internet’ Quick bursts of information
Free Low-tech/simple (relatively) Ability to group message All you need is a cell phone Really, all you need is a cell phone, you DO NOT need an ‘Internet phone’, no data plan required, period.
Growing faster than any other consumer electronics Cheap Widely available Worldwide numbers: 6 billion+
A first-line for information dissemination and immediate response Twitter replicates real-word social networks (you may want to follow...)
Informal survey of information rich non-newcomers such as community organizers and Identify viable, key knowledge network in which intervention could be situated ◦ Focus group to determine information to be disseminated Intervention Evaluation ◦ New survey and focus groups ◦ Analyze twitter stream for content of exchanges Extrapolate findings to a wider range of learning contexts and communities
Youth ‘navigators’ for Newcomer communities Equipped with Twitter, Facebook and Blogs Served as information-rich ‘nodes’ for other newcomers Project date Summer 2010 – March 2011 Findings TBP 2011