Early child-education


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What are the early childhood education needs? How to fullfil that? From <a>www.invectura.com</a>

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Early child-education

  1. 1. EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION 1www.invectura.com
  2. 2. • What Does a Young Child Need?• What is the Caregiver’s Role?• Lessons That Last• Caregiver Hints• Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS• Early Childhood Programs• Early Childhood Resources• Car Seat Information www.invectura.com 2
  3. 3. What Does a Young Child Need?• EVERYTHING… – Emotional Needs: • Security• Assistance to meet • Care – Physical Needs: • Nurturance • Food • Love • Clothing • Hope • Cleanliness – Social Needs: • Shelter • Interact with • Safety / protection caregiver and others, • Play including children the same age • Opportunity to play www.invectura.com with others 3
  4. 4. What Does a Young Child Need? continued – Psychological Needs: • Know he/she is important to the caregiver • Learn who he/she is • Develop a positive self esteem – Cognitive Needs: • Read to the child • Build language skills. Talk with the child, even when they are too young to know all you are saying. • Play with the child www.invectura.com 4
  5. 5. What is the Role of the Caregiver?• The caregiver is the significant person who meets the child’s needs on an ongoing basis. • Provides love, care, and nurturance for the child. • Makes sure the child is safe and healthy. • Engages the child in play, conversation, singing, and activities that expand learning. www.invectura.com 5
  6. 6. Lessons that Last a Lifetime• Young children learn from infancy about the world.• Many of the lessons are taught by the caregiver.• Some of these lessons relate to... www.invectura.com 6
  7. 7. TRUSTThe Infant Knows His/Her Needs will be Met • It is vital to babies under one year to develop a sense of trust; knowing the caregiver will meet their needs. • Trust is born from having the baby’s needs met by a consistent caregiver. www.invectura.com 7
  8. 8. INDEPENDENCEThe Young Child Explores and Learns What He/She Can Do • The caregiver provides a safe environment with supervision and encouragement for the child to explore. • Exercise their will and learn self-control. • Desires to test independence. • Walking is step toward independence... www.invectura.com 8
  9. 9. INITIATIVE Young Child Takes Action WhenHe/She Feels Capable and Confident to Do New Things • Preschoolers begin to imagine • Learn skills through play • Increase in ability to follow directions • Gain new skills • Feel capable to learn www.invectura.com 9
  10. 10. Caregiver Hints • Things to do together: – Talk (even to a baby) – Read books daily – Play with blocks, balls, trikes, puppets, and more – Draw (big crayons) – Teach a song – HAVE FUN... www.invectura.com 10
  11. 11. Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS• Refers to behavioral indicators that show that a child is not developing at a normal range. These behaviors are areas of concern when they are seen consistently over a period of time. Some children are “early bloomers” and others may be delayed in some areas but still within the normal range of development. www.invectura.com 11
  12. 12. Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS• Infants under 6 months: – Failure to gain weight – Failure to show – Unable to make eye anticipatory behavior contact or follow at feeding objects – Lack of interest in – Failure to hold head up social stimuli – Failure to hold on with – Does not grasp or hands reach for objects – No response to loud – Tight muscles or sounds muscles appear stiff www.invectura.com 12
  13. 13. Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS• Infants 9 to 12 months - – Does not gain weight – Does not use gestures, such as – Lack of affect waving or shaking – Not able to say single head words, such as “mama” – Drags one side of – Does not look at body while crawling caregiver for social (for over one month) cues or comfort – Does not search for – Does not crawl object that are – Cannot stand when hidden while s/he supported www.invectura.com watches 13
  14. 14. Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS• Toddler 18 to 24 months- – No speech – Excessive body rocking – Sleep disturbance – Out of the ordinary play – Withholding and other bowel problems – Retarded development or persistent regression www.invectura.com 14
  15. 15. Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS• Three-Year-Olds - – Frequent falling and – No involvement in difficulty with stairs “pretend” play – Persistent drooling or – Little interest in other very unclear speech children – Inability to build a tower of more than four blocks – Difficulty manipulating small objects – Inability to communicate in three word sentences www.invectura.com 15
  16. 16. Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS• Four-Year-Olds - – Cannot throw a ball – Ignores other children overhand – Resists dressing, – Cannot jump in place sleeping, using the toilet – Cannot grasp a crayon – Does not use sentences between thumb and of more than three words finger – Cannot copy a circle – Has difficulty scribbling – Lashes out with no self – Shows no interest in control whenever angry interactive games or upset www.invectura.com 16
  17. 17. Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS• Five-Year-Olds - – Severely unhappy or – Extremely fearful or sad much of the time timid – Seems unusually – Extremely aggressive passive – Easily distracted and – Cannot talk about daily unable to concentrate activities on a single activity for more than five minutes – Has trouble taking off clothing – Shows little interest in playing with other – Cannot wash and dry children his/her hands www.invectura.com 17
  18. 18. What to DoWhen Red Flag Alerts are Noted? • Have the young child evaluated by the child’s pediatrician. • Obtain input from the childcare center professional. • Request a developmental assessment. www.invectura.com 18
  19. 19. Early Childhood Education Programs Components of Quality Childcare Programs• Care center is licensed • Equipment is• Care provider is caring appropriate to care for and focused on the the child’s age needs of every child • Toys and activities are• Number and ages of appropriate for the children allow for good child’s development childcare practice • A routine is• Area is clean and SAFE established for rest• Foods are nutritious and play www.invectura.com 19
  20. 20. Early Childhood Programs• HEAD START – Federally funded to serve children 3.9 years – Some communities have programs beginning for young children as early as 18-24 months. – Services available at NO COST – 3.5 hour daily programs - Monday through Friday – Lunch and snacks provided www.invectura.com 20
  21. 21. Features of HEAD START Programs: • Assessment screening for special • Provide family needs – Speech therapy support services – In home visits – Developmental milestones, etc. – Parenting classes • Emphasis on school • Individual Education readiness Plan developed for • Literacy each child Development • Assistance transition • Field trips to a new school www.invectura.com 21
  22. 22. ALL YOUNG CHILDREN MUST BE BUCKLED IN A CAR SEAT for EVERY RIDE • Birth - 1 year, under 22 pounds must be in rear- facing child safety seat, 5-point belt harness is best • 1 to 6 years of age, under 60 pounds, forward-facing child safety seat, 5-point belt harness is best www.invectura.com 22
  23. 23. www.invectura.com www.invectura.com 23