Power and politics- ANUSHA TUKE


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Power and politics- ANUSHA TUKE

  1. 1. By ANUSHA TUKE 1JCE, Dept of MBA.
  2. 2. Definition of Power Power  The potential to influence behaviour of others.  Make things happen or get the things done.  A capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that B acts in accordance with A’s wishes Dependency  B’s relationship to A when A possesses something that B requires B A 2JCE, Dept of MBA.
  3. 3.  Leadership  Focuses on goal achievement  Requires goal compatibility with followers  Focuses influence downward  Research Focus  Leadership styles and relationships with followers  Power  Used as a means for achieving goals  Requires follower dependency  Used to gain lateral and upward influence  Research Focus  Power tactics for gaining compliance Contrasting Leadership and Power 3JCE, Dept of MBA.
  4. 4. Influence tactics in workplace Power Tactics: 1. Rational persuasion 2. Inspirational appeals 3. Consultation 4. Exchange 5. Ingratiation 6. Pressure 7. Coalitions 4JCE, Dept of MBA.
  5. 5. Bases of Power  Formal  Coercive - One reacts to this power out of fear of the negative results which might occur if one failed to comply  Reward –Compliance achieved based on ability to distribute rewards that view as valuable  Legitimate - represents the formal authority to control and use organizational resources 5JCE, Dept of MBA.
  6. 6. Basis of power: Personal power Expert Power Influence based on special skills or knowledge Charismatic Power(referent) from an individual’s personality and interpersonal style i.e. personal magnetism, enthusiasm 6JCE, Dept of MBA.
  7. 7. Organizational Politics Farrell and Peterson- “Activities that are not required as part of one’s formal role in the organization, but that influence, or attempt to influence, the distribution of advantages and disadvantages within the organization”. 7JCE, Dept of MBA.
  8. 8. Features of Organizational politics • Legitimate Normal everyday politics – complaining, coalitions, opposing, developing professional contact. • Illegitimate -Extreme political behavior that violates the implied rules of the organization.  Self serving.  Intentional  Not Rational. 8JCE, Dept of MBA.
  9. 9. Factors Contributing to Political Behavior  Limited Opportunities  Lack of trust  Role Ambiguity  Pressure to perform well  Delay in feedback  Individual factor(Locus of control)  Politicking by top management 9JCE, Dept of MBA.
  10. 10. Political Strategies  Forming Alliance  Use of information  Scapegoating  Image Building  Networking  Persuasion 10JCE, Dept of MBA.
  11. 11. Ethics of Behaving Politically Rights Justice 11JCE, Dept of MBA.
  12. 12. Implications for Managers  Accept the political nature of organizations  Increase power by:  Acquire the bases of power that are most useful (expert, referent)  Use the power tactics that are most effective (consultation, inspirational appeal)  Avoid tactics that tend to backfire (coercion). 12JCE, Dept of MBA.
  13. 13. THANK YOU 13JCE, Dept of MBA.