Reliance industries limited history timeline, balance shet n live market analysis


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Reliance industries limited history timeline, balance shet n live market analysis

  1. 1. FINANCE PROJECT Prof: Amogh Gothoskar By: Anurita Majumdar Class: PGDPRCC
  2. 2. Reliance Industries Public Type BSE: 500325, NSE: RELIANCE, LSE: RIGD Traded as BSE SENSEX Constituent CNX Nifty Constituent Conglomerate Industry Reliance Commercial Predecessor(s) Corporation 1966 Founded Dhirubhai Ambani Founder(s) Headquarters Mumbai, Maharashtra, India Worldwide Area served Mukesh Ambani Key people (Chairman and MD) Crude oil, natural gas, petrochemicals, petroleum, Products polyester, textiles, retail, telecom US$ 73.10 billion (2013) Revenue Operating US$ 7.14 billion (2013) income US$ 3.86 billion (2013) Net income US$ 58.67 billion (2013) Total assets US$ 31.66 billion (2013) Total equity 23,519 (2013) Employees Website
  3. 3. Timeline The company was co-founded by Dhirubhai Ambani and his cousin Champaklal Damani in 1960s as Reliance Commercial Corporation. In 1965, the partnership was ended and Dhirubhai continued the polyester business of the firm In 1975, company expanded its business into textiles, with "Vimal" becoming its major brand in later years. In 1985, the name of was changed from Reliance Textiles Industries Ltd the company to Reliance Industries Ltd. In 1996, it became the first private sector company in India to be rated by international credit rating agencies. In the year 1995-96, the company entered the telecom industry through a joint venture with NYNEX, USA and promoted Reliance Telecom Private Limited in India. In 1998-99, RIL introduced packaged LPG in 15 kg cylinders under the brand name Reliance Gas. In 2001, Reliance Industries Ltd. and Reliance Petroleum Ltd. became India's two largest companies in terms of all major financial parameters. In 2001-02, Reliance Petroleum was merged with Reliance Industries. In 2002, Reliance announced India's biggest gas discovery (at the Krishna Godavari basin). The in-place volume of natural gas was in excess of 7 trillion cubic feet, equivalent to about 1.2 billion barrels of crude oil. This was the first ever discovery by an Indian private sector company. In 2002-03, RIL purchased a majority stake in Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Ltd. (IPCL), India's second largest petrochemicals company, from Government of India. IPCL was later merged with RIL in 2008.
  4. 4. In 2006, Reliance entered the organized retail market in India with the launch of its retail store format under the brand name of 'Reliance Fresh'. By the end of 2008, Reliance retail had close to 600 stores across 57 cities in India In 2010, Reliance entered Broadband services market with acquisition of Infotel Broadband Services Limited, which was the only successful bidder for pan-India fourth-generation (4G) spectrum auction held by Government of India. In the same year, Reliance and BP announced a partnership in the oil and gas business. BP took a 30 per cent stake in 23 oil and gas production sharing contracts that Reliance operates in India, including the KG-D6 block for $7.2 billion. Reliance also formed a 50:50 joint venture with BP for sourcing and marketing of gas in India. Shareholding The number of shareholders in RIL is approx. 3 million. The promoter group, Ambani family, holds approx. 45.34% of the total shares whereas the remaining 54.66% shares are held by public shareholders, including FII and corporate bodies. Life Insurance Corporation of India is the largest non-promoter investor in the company with 7.98% shareholding. Major subsidiaries and associates Reliance Retail is the retail business wing of the Reliance Industries. In March 2013, it had 1466 stores in India. Many brands like Reliance Fresh, Reliance Footprint, Reliance Time Out, Reliance Digital, Reliance Wellness, Reliance Trends, Reliance AutoZone, Reliance Super, Reliance Mart, Reliance iStore, Reliance Home Kitchens, Reliance Market (Cash n Carry) and Reliance Jewel come under the Reliance Retail brand. Its annual revenue for the financial year 2012-13 was 10800 crore (US$1.7 billion) with an EBITDA of 78 crore (US$12 million). Reliance Life Sciences works around medical, plant and industrial biotechnology opportunities. It specializes in manufacturing, branding, and
  5. 5. marketing Reliance Industries' products in bio-pharmaceuticals, pharmaceuticals, clinical research services, regenerative medicine, molecular medicine, novel therapeutics, biofuels, plant biotechnology, and industrial biotechnology sectors . Reliance Institute of Life Sciences (RILS), established by Dhirubhai Ambani Foundation, is an institution offering higher education in various fields of life sciences and related technologies. Reliance Logistics is a single-window company selling transportation, distribution, warehousing, logistics, and supply chain-related products, supported by in-house telematics and telemetry solutions. It provides logistics services to Reliance group companies and outsiders. Reliance Clinical Research Services (RCRS), a contract research organization (CRO) and wholly owned subsidiary of Reliance Life Sciences, specializes in the clinical research services industry. Its clients are primarily pharmaceutical, biotechnology and medical device companies. Reliance Solar, the solar energy subsidiary of Reliance, was established to produce and retail solar energy systems primarily to remote and rural areas. It offers a range of products based on solar energy: solar lanterns, home lighting systems, street lighting systems, water purification systems, refrigeration systems and solar air conditioners. Relicord is a cord blood banking service owned by Reliance Life Sciences. It was established in 2002. It has been inspected and accredited by AABB, and also has been accorded a license by Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Government of India.
  6. 6. Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJIL), previously known as Infotel Broadband, is a broadband service provider which gained 4G licenses for operating across India. Now it is wholly owned by RIL for 4800 crore (US$730 million). Reliance Industrial Infrastructure Limited (RIIL) is an associate company of RIL. RIL holds 45.43% of total shares of RIIL. It was for transporting petroleum products. RIIL is mainly engaged in the business of setting up and operating industrial infrastructure. The company is also engaged in related activities involving leasing and providing services connected with computer software and data processing. incorporated in September 1988 as Chembur Patalganga Pipelines Limited, with the main objective being to build and operate cross-country pipelines
  7. 7. Balance sheet analysis SHARE CAPITAL The authorized share capital of a company is the maximum amount of share capital that the company is authorized by its constitutional documents to issue to shareholders which in this case is 6000 (equity shares + preference shares i.e. 5000 + 1000) Paid up capital is the total amount of shareholder capital that has been paid in full by shareholders. Paid-up capital is essentially the portion of authorized stock that the company has issued and received payment for which has dropped from 3271(march 2012) to 3229(march2013). RESERVE AND SURPLUS ASSET REVALUATION RESERVE: it is an accounting concept and represents a reassessment of the value of a capital asset as at a particular date. Reserve account that records the surplus created when assets are revalued. Revaluation reserve has dropped from 5467 to 3127 CAPITAL RESERVE: A reserve created if a company purchases capital for long-term or large scale projects. The capital reserve has been 291cr for 2012 as well as 2013. CAPITAL REDEMTION RESERVE: An account specifically dedicated to the setting aside of its own shares in circumstances that result in a reduction of share capital. It is a reserve that cannot be distributed to the shareholders and thus ensures the maintenance of the capital base of the company and protects the creditors’ buffer. There was no such reserve in the year 2012 and a reserve has been created as declared in March 2013 for 4cr. SECURITIES PREMIUM RESERVE: Excess amount received by a firm over the par value of its shares. This amount forms a part of the non-distributable reserves of the firm which usually can be used only for purposes specified under
  8. 8. corporate legislation. Also called paid-in surplus. This reserve has been reduced from 50878 in 2012 to 50677 in 2013] DEBENTURE REDEMTION RESERVE: Under the provision, debenture redemption reserves will be funded by company profits every year until debentures are to be redeemed. This reserve is constant in the year 2012 as well as 2013 which is 1117cr. GENERAL RESERVE: Any retained earnings from a company's profits. General reserves can be divided into either specific, general or legal. General reserves are saved to offset potential future losses. This reserve has increased from 84000cr to 100000cr. SURPLUS: Last year profit converts to reserves & surplus. The reserve created out of profits transferred from profit and loss account is called general reserve. The balance in the profit and loss account is called a surplus and will be shown under this head in the balance sheet. in this case, the profits in the P&L account after the deduction of the amounts transferred to the general and other reserve has increased from 7609 cr in 2012 to 8610 cr in 2013 The total of reserve and surplus account shows an increase of 13941cr from 162825cr in 2012 to 176766 in 2013. NON CURRENT LIABILITIES LONG TERM BORROWINGS SECURED: Debt backed or secured by collateral to reduce the risk associated with lending. An example would be a mortgage. Assets backing debt or a debt instrument are considered security, which means they can be claimed by the lender if default occurs. The non current secured debt has gone down from 6192 cr in 2012 to 1989 cr in 2013. Wherein the current secured debt has increased from 3064 cr in 2012 to 4204 cr in 2013 UNSECURED: A loan not secured by an underlying asset or collateral. Unsecured debt is the opposite of secured debt. Unsecured debt carries more risk for the lender, which in turn makes the loan more expensive. The non current unsecured debt has slightly reduced from 41842 cr in 2012 to 41023 cr in 2013 wherein the
  9. 9. current unsecured debt has significantly risen from 6756 cr in 2012 to 13700 cr in 2013. DEFFERRED TAX LIABILITY: A tax liability that a company owes and does not pay at that current point, although it will be responsible for paying it at some point in the future. In this case, the deferred tax liability has slightly risen to 12193 cr in 2013 from 12122cr in 2012. CURRENT LIABILITIES SHORT TERM BORROWINGS: The secured short term borrowing has dropped from 757cr in 2012 to 433cr in 2013. Whereas the unsecured short term loan has risen from 9836 cr in 2012 to 11078cr in 2013. Thus the total short term borrowings show a slight rise from 10593 cr in 2012 to 11511cr in 2013 TRADE PAYABLES: Trade payables are also known as accounts payable and refers to money owed to creditors, lenders, vendors or suppliers for products or services rendered. The trade payables are 45787cr in 2013 as compared to 40324cr in 2012 showing a rise. OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES: A balance sheet entry used by companies to group together current liabilities that are not assigned to common liabilities such as debt obligations or accounts payable. The total other current liabilities have shown a rise of 7927cr from being 13713cr in 2012 to 21640cr in 2013. SHORT TERM PROVISIONS: Provisions made for short periods, usually 3months. Short term provisions are 4348 cr in 2013 and were 4258 cr in 2012.
  10. 10. ASSESTS: NON CURRENT ASSESTS FIXED ASSESTS(tangible): A long-term tangible piece of property that a firm owns and uses in the production of its income and is not expected to be consumed or converted into cash any sooner than at least one year's time. Fixed assets (owned and leased) are 82962cr in 2013 as compared to 88001cr in 2012. INTANGIBLE ASSETS: In accounting, any asset that cannot be seen or touched. Intangible assets include things like patents and brand recognition, which add value to a company, but are difficult to price. The value of the total intangible assets has slightly risen from 25722 cr in 2012 to 26786cr in 2013. CAPITAL WORK IN PROGRESS: Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the balance sheet date. This account shows a significant raise from 3695cr in 2012 to 13525cr in 2013. INTANGIBLE ASSESTS UNDER DEVELOPMENT: this is accounted for 4059cr in 2012 and has increased to 5591cr in 2013 NON CURRENT INVESTMENTS: noncurrent investment is the investment which is for long period and not releasable for the current period .The company’s non current investments are in equity shares of associate companies, preference shares of associate companies, equity share of subsidiary companies, preference shares of subsidiary companies, debentures of subsidiary companies, government securities, fixed maturity plans. The sum total of these investments account to 24143cr in 2013. LONG TERM LOANS AND ADVANCES: A type of loan that has an extended time period for repayment usually lasting between three and 30 years. Car loans and home mortgages are examples of long-term loans. The balance sheet shows a significant rise in the long term loans and advances from being 14340cr in 2012 to 21528cr in 2013.
  11. 11. CURRENT ASSESTS CURRENT INVESTMENTS: An account in the current assets section of a company's balance sheet. This account contains any investments that a company has made that will expire within one year. For the most part, these accounts contain stocks and bonds that can be liquidated fairly quickly. The company’s current investments include investments in government securities, debentures and bonds, fixed maturity plans, mutual funds, certificate of deposit with scheduled banks. The total current investments sum up to be 28366cr in 2013 which is slightly more than 27029cr in 2012. INVENTORIES: The raw materials, work-in-process goods and completely finished goods that are considered to be the portion of a business's assets that are ready or will be ready for sale. The amount of total inventories (raw materials as well as finished goods) is 42729cr which is more than the previous year (2012) which was 35955cr. TRADE RECEIVABLES: Money owed by customers (individuals or corporations) to another entity in exchange for goods or services that have been delivered or used, but not yet paid for. There is a drop in the amount of the trade receivables from being 18424cr in 2012 to 11880cr in the year 2013. CASH AND BANK BALANCES: bank and cash balance bank balance: - A bank balance is that amount which is actually deposited in any of the bank. Or the amount which has been credited in your bank account. Cash balance: - It is an amount which is there in your hand. i.e., it is otherwise called as cash in hand. Or else we can say that the hot cash which is there with you right now is called as a cash balance. The cash and bank balances total has risen from 39598cr in 2012 to 49547cr in 2013. SHORT TERM LOANS AND ADVANCES: In general, a loan with a maturity period of one to five years. The short term loans and advances have reduces from 11089cr in 2012 to 10974cr in 2013.
  12. 12. OTHER CURRENT ASSESTS: The other current assets (i.e. the interest incurred on investments) have increased from being 249cr in 2012 to 480cr in 2013. Hence the total assets (current and noncurrent) account to be 318511crores as opposed to 295140cr in the year 2012 indicating growth. CONCLUSION Current Ratio = Total Current Assets/Total Current Liabilities = 1.72 Current assets i.e. 1, 43,976 crores exceeds the current liabilities i.e. 83286crores exhibiting financial strength. It means the business has enough current assets to meet the payment schedule of current liabilities with a margin of safety Quick Ratio = (Current Assets - Inventory)/Current Liabilities =1.21 Quick ratios between 50 and 1 are considered satisfactory. Accordingly, the quick ratio is good which says the company’s liquidity is good Working Capital = Total Current Assets - Total Current Liabilities=60,690 These are all ratios to check the company’s liquidity.
  13. 13. LIVE MARKET
  14. 14. ANALYSIS Stock price: rs.878.70 Face value: rs10 Industry: integrated oil and gas. STOCK TRADING: WTD AVG PRICE: A trading benchmark used especially in pension plans. VWAP is calculated by adding up the dollars traded for every transaction (price multiplied by number of shares traded) and then dividing by the total shares traded for the day. The theory is that if the price of a buy trade is lower than the VWAP, it is a good trade. The opposite is true if the price is higher than the VWAP. In this case the price is Rs. 877.60 Turnover: A measure of stock liquidity calculated by dividing the total number of shares traded over a period by the average number of shares outstanding for the period. The higher the share turnover, the more liquid the share of the company. Here,the share turnover is 8.32. TTQ – Total Traded Quantity (TTQ) is the sum of quantity traded on a given date which includes both purchase and sale. The TTQ is 0.95 lakhs. Wtd. Avg Price: Sum of value of trades divided by the volume at a given point of time
  15. 15. The wt avg price is 3.03 lakhs. CIRCUIT LIMITS: upper limit (circuit) is the maximum price at which a particular share can quote for buying / selling. Lower limit (circuit) is the minimum price at which a particular share can quote for buying / selling. Here, the upper circuit limit is Rs.964.35 and the lower circuit limit is Rs.789.05 MARKET CAP: Market capitalization is calculated by multiplying a company's shares outstanding by the current market price of one share. The investment community uses this figure to determine a company's size, as opposed to sales or total asset figures. The market cap for RIL is 28426crores. MARKET CAP F F: Many different types of investors hold the shares of a company! The Govt. may hold some of the shares. Some of the shares may be held by the “founders” or “directors” of the company. Some of the shares may be held by the FDI’s etc. etc! Now, only the “open market” shares that are free for trading by anyone are called the “free-float” shares. The free float shared for RIL is worth 156343crores. Ex DATE: The date on or after which a security is traded without a previously declared dividend or distribution. This is the date on which the seller, and not the buyer, of a stock will be entitled to a recently announced dividend. Here, the Ex date is May10, 2013.
  16. 16. ARTICLES Reliance Industries topples ONGC to become top-ranked Indian energy firm PTI Oct 29, 2013, 08.18PM IST Tags: (Reliance Industries topples…) SINGAPORE: Reliance Industries has toppled state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) to become the top Indian firm in a global ranking of energy companies. Billionaire Mukesh Ambani-led RIL improved eight positions to grab the 19th position on the Platts Top 250 Global Energy Company Rankings for 2013. ONGC held on its 22nd ranking, the position it had in 2012, while RIL improved from last time's 27th rank. This year's list is topped by Exxon Mobil Corp, with Chevron Corp in second place. The US giants are followed by Royal Dutch Shell and Russia's Gazprom, Statoil of Norway, Total of France and Lukoil of Russia. Chinese firm PetroChina makes an entry at number 8, while UK's BP Plc is ranked number 11. The Platts Top 250 Global Energy Company Rankings, now in its 12th year, is based on data compiled and maintained by S&P Capital IQ, which, like Platts, is a part of The McGraw-Hill Companies. The 2013 rankings reflect fiscal 2012 financial performance in four key areas: asset value, revenue, profit and return on invested capital (ROIC). Coal India improved its ranking from 48 to 43 while power utility NTPC went to 49th rank from 62 in 2012. Oil refining and marketing company Indian Oil Corp improved two positions to rank at number 80 while gas utility GAIL India moved up four notches to 105. Cairn India, which held the 121st position, moved up to 109 this year. Bharat Petroleum Corp leaped to 119th position from 178 in the 2012 listing. Other Indian firms featuring in the 250 listing include Power Grid Corp (ranked 139), Reliance Infrastructure (163), Hindustan Petroleum Corp (177), NHPC (197) and Essar Energy (229th position).
  17. 17. Veerappa Moily approves taking away 5 gas discoveries from Reliance Industries ET Bureau Oct 29, 2013, 08.44AM IST Tags: (Moily in the October 9 order,) NEW DELHI: The oil ministry has decided to ask Reliance Industries to immediately surrender five discoveries containing natural gas worth $6.8 billion in the controversial KG-D 6 block and offer the fields to bidders in a fresh auction on a priority basis, giving another blow to Mukesh Ambani's company. Oil Minister Veerappa Moily wants RIL to relinquish the discoveries because it could not submit field-development plans on time. The minister, however, allowed the company to retain three other fields, striking a middle path after the directorate general of hydrocarbons recommended that all eight fields should be relinquished. "According to the directive of the minister, 6,198.88 sq km area out of total 7,645 area, including five discoveries, stands relinquished. The fate of the three other discoveries will be decided by the cabinet as per the minister's recommendations," an oil ministry official told ET. Reliance faced stern treatment from the oil ministry during Jaipal Reddy's tenure, but things seemed to improve after Moily became minister and obtained cabinet's approval for a new gas price formula, which doubled gas rates to an estimated $8.4 per unit from April. However, soon after the cabinet approval, the oil ministry prepared a new note for the cabinet seeking to disallow the new price for RIL's existing fields because the DGH blamed the company for the steep fall in output. RIL spokesmen declined comments, but sources close to the company said that RIL would contest the decision. Sources also said that if the fields are auctioned again, the new bidder would have to spend heavily in creating new infrastructure. The DGH has estimated that the value of the gas contained in these fields is $6.76 billion at the new gas price of $8.4. In a strongly worded note, Moily said he was taking a final view after "carefully" examining the matter and giving an opportunity to RIL and its partner BP "in the interest of principle of natural justice and in order to arrive at a balanced approach”. "I agree with the proposal that the contractor should be asked to relinquish corresponding areas pertaining to five discoveries with immediate effect," he said in the note, government sources said. "Considering the estimated reserve of 805 bcf (billion cubic feet) in these five discoveries, the relinquished area should be offered for competitive bidding on priority," he said. Moily, however, allowed RIL to retain three other fields containing gas worth $2.9 billion at the new price. The minister accepted Reliance's argument that a particular type of appraisal was initially not mandatory. "In the particular case also, the DGH did not insist for DST (drill-stem test) in the past which created an impression that even the DGH does not consider DST as a mandatory requirement,"
  18. 18. he observed. "The contractor during the course of presentation also very forcefully argued that DST is not a singular mandatory test to establish surface flow as per the international practices and regulations. This fact could not be contradicted by the ministry /DGH officials," he said. Referring to discussions held when Jaipal Reddy was the minister, Moily said: "The matter was discussed by my predecessor in the meeting held on July 13, 2012 wherein it was advised to the contractor to undertake DST and the contractor expressed its willingness to do so in two weeks," he said. The minister said that in the case of three discoveries, there was a delay on part of DGH in reviewing the declaration of commerciality (DoC) and taking a "categorical stand" that the contractor must conduct DST. Airtel, RIL only Indian companies on Goldman’s most-favoured list of Asian credit Bloomberg Oct 25, 2013, 04.00AM IST Tags: (The premium investors pay…) Bonds of companies controlled by Sunil Mittal and Mukesh Ambani, added in August to Goldman Sachs Group's most-favoured list, helped investors to the biggest gains in 20 months for India's dollar debt. Notes of the nation's issuers returned 5.6% since August 30, according to JPMorgan Chase's Asian Credit Index, poised for the best performance since a 7.9% advance in the first two months of 2012. The premium investors pay over Treasuries has slid 57 basis points in the period, the biggest decline after Indonesia and Pakistan among 13 Asian markets. Investors are signalling their faith in Indian borrowers after the central bank stemmed a rout in the rupee and companies in the benchmark S&P BSE Sensex surpassed or matched profit forecasts. Indian debt also rallied on bets the US Federal Reserve will delay tapering its stimulus that has buoyed emerging-market assets. "There is some positivity after the earnings," said Philipp Good, who manages $800 million, including Indian debt, in Zurich at Fisch Asset Management. "Investors are probably of the opinion that impending risks to India and emerging markets have receded, therefore the bonds become more appealing in the short term." Mittal's Bharti Airtel and Ambani's Reliance Industries are the only Indian companies on Goldman's "most-favoured" list of Asian credit, an October 16 report by the US bank shows. The lender added them on August 26 amid a sell off in emerging market debt triggered by speculation the Fed will cut its bond purchases. Bharti's 5.125% notes maturing March 2023 have returned 6.5% this month, data compiled by Bloomberg show, the most among 67 Indian
  19. 19. bonds included in JPMorgan's Asian Credit Index. The yield fell to 5.917% on Wednesday from a record 8.04% on August 22. Reliance's 5.4% bonds due February 2022 gained 4.3% in October, pushing the yield to 4.93% from an unprecedented 6.088% on August 22. Net income at nine BSE 30 members, including Reliance, that have published results for the quarter through September 30, met or beat forecasts, data compiled by Bloomberg show. About half of them trailed forecasts in April-June quarter. Reliance Industries, BP promise to invest $10 bn more in oil and gas sector ET Bureau Oct 19, 2013, 03.16AM IST Tags: (BP CEO Bob Dudley and Reliance…) NEW DELHI: BP CEO Bob Dudley and Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani promised fresh investment of up to $10 billion in oil and gas but sought the government's support in tackling regulatory issues and allowing the companies to sell natural gas at market-linked prices. The two business leaders met Oil Minister Veerappa Moily, Planning Commission's Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia and Law Minister Kapil Sibal. Dudley who is on his fourth visit to India, also had a separate meeting with Finance Minister P Chidambaram, in which Ambani was not present. The finance ministry has been at the forefront of moves to review the Cabinet's decision to substantially raise natural gas prices. After meeting ministers, Dudley said India had an enormous need for all forms of energy - oil, gas, coal and renewable. "BP is hoping to play a significant role in that ... I want to express BP's commitment to India. We have invested a great deal in India. We are the largest foreign investor here across many forms. I want to let the PM know about the progress that we are making in upstream and downstream in India," he said, according to an ET Now report. Dudley also expressed some concern about regulatory issues but was not directly critical. "We are committed to invest in India. We have requested the government to pave the way," he told reporters at the Planning Commission. Dudley and Ambani were also expected to meet the prime minister but the meeting could not be scheduled till late in the evening. On Saturday, they are scheduled to share the dias with BJP leader Narendra Modi at the convocation of a university in Gandhinagar, where Ambani is the chairman of the board of governors.
  20. 20. Reliance and BP are concerned about the oil ministry's move to deny higher prices for the existing fields in the KG-D6 block until it makes up for the shortfall in production. They are also facing regular criticism from CPI leader Gurudas Dasgupta, who has asked the prime minister to take action against Reliance and alleged that Moily was bending backwards to help the company. In his latest communication, Dasgupta has demanded termination of the contract for KG-D6 and alleged that Moily was shifting out honest and independent bureaucrats from the ministry. Moily said he was dealing with various issues in accordance with rules and the contract. "There are some people who are creating fear among people so that nobody will invest in this country, but I will not act by mere perception," Moily told reporters after the meeting with Ambani and Dudley. For Reliance Industries, the rupee propped up profits ET Bureau Oct 16, 2013, (The fall in refining margins…) Reliance Industries (RIL), India's largest company, saw its earnings before interest and taxes jump 15 per cent from the first quarter to the second, though net profits grew at a far more modest 2.6 per cent. Part of the reason for this was a sharp, 8 per cent-plus fall in its refining margins, down from $8.40 per barrel in Q1 to $7.70 per barrel in Q2. This fall happened because the Asian demand — and, therefore, pricing — of lighter fuels like diesel and petrol was under pressure, possibly because most major emerging economies are growing slower than they were before. For RIL, which exports a large part of its refinery output, the fall in refining margins could have had a deeper impact on its bottom line had the rupee not depreciated sharply in this period from Rs 58 to a dollar to Rs 62 per dollar. Refining volumes also grew, with its refineries operating at 114 per cent capacity this quarter, up from 110 per cent in the previous one. The increase in volumes has helped protect margins in the refining segment as well. RIL is India's largest single producer of petrochemicals and, expectedly, these played a major role in propping up its bottom line. Petrochemicals earnings grew 10 per cent to Rs 2,500 crore. Earnings have improved in polymers and fibre intermediates. With growth in India picking up momentum, this segment will do better over the following quarters. For RIL, refining and selling oil and making petrochemicals are not new. Investors understand these businesses and value them realistically. These are steady, bread-and-butter earners for the company, especially the petrochemicals business, where RIL is a monopolist or near-monopolist for several products. But the main uncertainty about the stock lies in the upstream, exploration and production segment. RIL's production of gas fell 8 per cent quarter-on-quarter and there was
  21. 21. no growth in oil output from the KG D6 basin. This fall in output from its fields is alarming for investors. They are also spooked by the regulatory tangles that RIL has got into with the government. In sum, it is their supposed core competence, of managing the system that is not up to scratch. Recommendations: On the basis of my study and understanding of the balance sheet of RIL, the company is doing well. All the ratios suggest there is enough funds with the company to pay off the liabilities and have a safe margin in hand for future operations. Even the shares have shown significant growth. According to a lot of reviews, it is a very aggressive stock and the Economic Times had recommended it. So my personal understanding says that we can add this share to our investment portfolio. ------------------