Assessing India's Open Science Data Framework
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Assessing India's Open Science Data Framework: Mapping of Actors and Data Consumption Patterns; Presented at International Conference on Technology, Accountability and Democracy in South Asia and......

Assessing India's Open Science Data Framework: Mapping of Actors and Data Consumption Patterns; Presented at International Conference on Technology, Accountability and Democracy in South Asia and Beyond; organized by Stanford University and University of Mumbai; January 17-18, 2014. http://southasia.stanford.edu/bombay_conference

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  • 1. Assessing India's Open Science Data Framework: Mapping of Actors and Data Consumption Patterns Anup Kumar Das Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi, India Presented at International Conference on Technology, Accountability and Democracy in South Asia and Beyond; organized by Stanford University and University of Mumbai; January 17-18, 2014
  • 2. Open Research Data at the Pinnacle - - More specific Limited Users Reusable by specialized audiences – researchers, academics, science editors, science writers, science bloggers, etc. Can be used by policymakers and legislators, for special purposes Researchers don’t have institutional frameworks to share open science data However, external searchable open data repositories available E.g. Figshare.com, DataDryad.org
  • 3. National Data Policy Frameworks • National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (NSDAP), 2012, DST, MoS&T • Solar Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (SDSAP), 2012, C-WET, MNRE • Remote Sensing Data Policy (RSDP), 2012, ISRO, DoS
  • 4. NSDAP 2012 • • • • • Gazette notified on March 17, 2012 (The Gazette of India, March 17, 2012, Part 1, Sec.1) Objectives: The objective of this policy is to facilitate the access to Government of India owned shareable data and information in both human readable and machine readable forms through a network all over the country in a proactive and periodically updatable manner, within the framework of various related policies, Acts and rules of Government of India, thereby permitting wider accessibility and use of public data and information. Scope of this Policy: The NDSAP will apply to all data and information created, generated, collected and archived using public funds provided by Government of India directly or through authorized agencies by various Ministries/ Departments/ Organizations/ Agencies and Autonomous Bodies. Benefits of the data sharing policy: Maximising use, avoiding duplication, maximised integration, ownership information, better decision-making, equity of access.
  • 5. Types of Access • a) Open Access (OA): Access to data generated from public funding should be easy, timely, user-friendly and Internetbased without any process of registration/ authorization. • b) Registered Access (RGA): Data sets which are accessible only through a prescribed process of registration/ authorization by respective departments/ organizations will be available to the recognized organizations/ institutions/ public users through defined procedures. • c) Restricted Access (RSA): Data declared as restricted, by Government of India policies, will be accessible only through and under authorization
  • 6. Limitations of Provision in Sharing Scientific Data • NDSAP 2012 – Only promoting open government data – S&T ministries only sharing administrative data, not relevant for scientific research – Not conforming to the open science data – No approach to utilize existing resources available in national information systems – NDSAP data is one way process – no user can share his/her research data – No provision of researchers sharing research data through institutional or national data repositories • National Science Technology and Innovation Policy 2013 (STIP2013) – Open Science Data helps in open innovations, but STIP2013 has made no provision – STIP2013 is silent on sharing research data, knowledge sharing – STIP2013 does not establish any linkage with NDSAP 2012
  • 7. Open Access Data • Data.Gov.In • Open Government Platform (OGPL) • Bhuvan NOEDA (NRSC Open Earth Observation Data Archive) • Export Import Data Bank version 6.0 – TradeStat • Database on Indian Economy: RBI's Data Warehouse
  • 8. India’s formal S&T Information Systems and Information Networks • ENVIS [Environmental Information System]. MoEF • BTIS [Biotechnology Information System], DBT • INCOIS [Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services], MoES • AGRIS [Agricultural Resources Information System], MoA • WRIS [Water Resources Information System], MWR/ ISRO • IBIN [Indian Bio-resource Information Network], DBT/ IIRS
  • 9. National Knowledge Portals • • • • • • • • • India Biodiversity Portal India Energy Portal India Environment Portal India Sanitation Portal India Water Portal Anusandhan: Indian Science and Technology Portal (An Online Directory Service) Bhuvan - Gateway and Geoportal of Indian Earth Observation (A GIS Tool for 2D/3D Visualization) Open Source Drug Discovery (OSDD) (A Portal for Collaborative Research) Indian Citation Index (Subscription-based citation database of Indian S&T periodicals)
  • 10. Available Resources to Researchers for Sharing Open Science Data • Data Publishing – – – – Figshare.com DataDryad.org Knoema.com Nature Scientific Data (Open Access) • Meta Search Service – Databib.org (indicates 25 data repositories / data centres from India) – Datacite.org (helps researchers to find, access, and reuse data; no Indian institution is a member) – ImpactStory.org (identifies impact of your published open research data and research papers)
  • 11. Sensitization of Researchers for Sharing Open Science Data • • • • • • Research project: Open Government Data for Regulation of Energy Resource Industries in India; TERI & Open Data Research Network (Opendataresearch.org/project/2013/teri) Research project: The quality of civic data in India and the implications on the push for Open Data; Transparent Chennai & Open Data Research Network (Opendataresearch.org/project/2013/tc) Open Science Project: Vitayard.in – Science and Research Vitality Platform; Open Knowledge Foundation Network, India (in.okfn.org/open-science-project/) Consultative Workshop on "Energy Resources: Towards Increased Availability and Improved Access to Government Data”, on 17th July 2013 at TERI, New Delhi. Panel Discussion “Open Data - policy, practice and impacts”, on 16 th July 2013 at TERI, New Delhi. International Workshop on Open Science and Open Data (OSOD 2013); on 7 th October 2013 at the Indian Statistical Institute, Bangalore.
  • 12. Way Ahead • Sensitization of researchers in using open data sharing platforms for publishing their research data. • Sensitization of public institutions and apex research bodies to build open data repositories at the national, subject and institutional level. • Establishing linkage between STIP2013 and NDSAP 2012. • Monitoring and evaluation of availability of scientific data from India. • Sensitization of policymakers, science administrators, and funding agencies in keeping open data sharing clause in agreements of public funded research projects.
  • 13. Thank you http://anupkumardas.blogspot.in Presented at International Conference on Technology, Accountability and Democracy in South Asia and Beyond; organized by Stanford University and University of Mumbai; January 17-18, 2014