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Objectives of Material Handling                                                                        • Reduce Unit Mater...
Principles of Material Handling                                                       Principles of Material Handling     ...
Large Conveyors (2 axis)                                                           Conveyors                           © C...
Tracks - Monorail         Cranes                               © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar                     19       ...
Bibliography                                                                  •   Buffa, E.S. and Sarin, R.K., “Modern Pro...
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Material handling an overview

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Transcript of "Material handling an overview"

  1. 1. Objectives of Material Handling • Reduce Unit Material • Reduce Production Handling Cost Time – Eliminate Unnecessary – Minimize Delays of Material Handling - An Overview Handling Machine Operations – Handle Material in Batch – Maintain Uniform, Presented By: Lots Appropriate Movement Anupam Kumar – Minimize Required of Material Reader Handling Time – Use Automatic SMS Varanasi Processing When – Replace Handling Email: anupamkr@gmail.com Appropriate Equipment as Appropriate – Coordinate All Material Handling © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 1 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 2 Objectives of Material Handling Objectives of Material Handling • Reduce Overhead • Prevent Accidents –Minimize Non-Productive Labor – Reduce Physical Load Required –Prevent Damage to Materials – Insure Handling Equipment is Safe • Conserve Floor Space • Improve Employee Morale – Avoid Excessive Stock Storage – Provide Proper Relationship Between Employee & – Move Materials in a Position to Save Space Work – Use Equipment Requiring No Floor Space © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 3 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 4 Principles of Material Handling Principles of Material Handling There are 10 principles of material handling: Planning Principle Standardization Principle • Planning Principle • Space Utilization • A material handing plan • Material handling methods, Principle defines equipment, controls and • Standardization software should be – the material (what) and Principle • System Principle – the moves (when and where); standardized • Work Principle • Automation Principle together they define • within the limits of – the method (how and who). achieving overall • Ergonomic Principle • Environmental Principle performance objectives and • Unit Load Principle • Life Cycle Cost Principle • without sacrificing needed flexibility , modularity and throughput. © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 5 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 6© Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 1
  2. 2. Principles of Material Handling Principles of Material Handling Work Principle Ergonomic Principle Unit Load Principle Space Utilization Principle • Material handling work • Human capabilities and • A unit load is one that can be • Cluttered and unorganized stored or moved as a single should be minimized limitations must be entity at one time, such as a spaces and blocked aisles – without sacrificing recognized and respected in pallet, container or tote, should be eliminated in productivity or the design of material regardless of the number of work areas. individual items that make up – the level of service required handling tasks and the load. • In storage areas, the of the operation. equipment to ensure safe • Smaller unit loads are objective of maximizing and effective operations. consistent with manufacturing strategies that embrace storage density must be operating objectives such as balanced against flexibility, continuous flow and accessibility and selectivity. just-in-time delivery. © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 7 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 8 Principles of Material Handling Principles of Material Handling System Principle Automation Principle Environmental Principle Life Cycle Cost Principle • A system is a collection of • Material handling operations • Environmental impact and • A thorough economic analysis interacting and/or should be mechanized and/or should account for the entire energy consumption should life cycle of all material interdependent entities that automated where feasible be considered as criteria handling equipment and form a unified whole. – to improve operational when designing or selecting resulting systems. • Systems integration should efficiency, • Life cycle costs include all cash alternative equipment and flows that will occur between encompass the entire – increase responsiveness, material handling systems. the time the first rupee is supply chain including – improve consistency and spent to plan or procure a new reverse logistics. – predictability, decrease piece of equipment, or to put • It should include suppliers, operating costs and in place a new method, until – to eliminate repetitive or that method and/or manufacturers, distributors equipment is totally replaced. potentially unsafe manual and customers. labor. © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 9 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 10 Material Handling Equipments Fixed Path Equipments • These may broadly be divided into the • Conveyors • Elevators following types: – Gravity – Arm – Belt – Reciprocating – Fixed Path Equipments – Chain – Bucket – Semi-Fixed Path Equipments – Pneumatic • Lifts – Variable Path Equipments – Hydraulic – Service Station – Accessories – Screw – Field Table – Vibrating – Loading Dock • Chutes – Railroad Car • Pipelines / Tubes © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 11 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 12© Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 2
  3. 3. Large Conveyors (2 axis) Conveyors © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 13 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 14 Lifts Chutes © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 15 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 16 Fixed Path Material Handling Semi Fixed Path Material Handling • Advantages: Types Advantage & Disadvantages: – More economical if large volume of material • Cranes • Advantage moved to same place – Can cover a wider area – Jib – One power supply to drive entire “belt” – more – Bridge • Disadvantage economical – Still limited to area covered – Gantry – Reduction in need for lot identification tags • Tracks – Can be used to pace the workers – Monorail • Disadvantages – Industrial Rail – Less economical if material follows diverse paths © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 17 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 18© Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 3
  4. 4. Tracks - Monorail Cranes © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 19 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 20 Wide Area (Variable Path) Lift truck Computer Controlled Truck • Powered • Manual – Power Lift Truck – Truck (2 Wheel) – Fork Lift Truck – Truck (4 Wheel) – Multiple Trailer – Lift Truck – Yard Truck – Dolly – Over the road Truck • Advantage • Disadvantage – Flexible – Must have portable power supply with each piece of equipment © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 21 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 22 Accessory Items Accessory Items • Carriers • Hoist Accessories – Skids – Chains – Pallets – Clamps – Slings • Containers – Chime Hooks – Tote Boxes – Spreader Bars – Baskets – Pans © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 23 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 24© Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 4
  5. 5. Bibliography • Buffa, E.S. and Sarin, R.K., “Modern Production/Operations Management,” Eighth Edition. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia). 1994. • Martinich, J.S., “Production and Operations Management: An Applied Approach”, Singapore: John Wiley & Sons (Asia), 2003. • Badi, R.V. and Badi, N.V., “Production and Operations Management”, Second Edition, New Delhi: Vrinda For further details / comments ... • Publication, 2008. Chary, S.N., “Productions and Operations Management,” Third Edition, New Delhi: Tata McGraw Hill, 2004 • Goel, B.S., “Production Operations Management”, Twenty Second Edition, Meerut, U.P.: Pragati Prakashan, 2010. • Kachru, U. “Production and Operations Management: Text and Cases,” New Delhi: Excel Books, 2007. -Contact: • Rama Murthy, P., “Production and Operations Management,” New Delhi: New Age International, 2012. Anupam Kumar • Chunawalla, S.A., and Patel, D.R., “Production and Operations Management,” Mumbai: Himalaya Publishing House, 2006. Reader, • Jauhari, V. and Dutta, K., “Services: Marketing Operations and Management,” New Delhi: Oxford University School of Management Sciences, Varanasi. Press, 2010. Email: anupamkr@gmail.com • Verma, H.V., “Services Marketing: Text and Cases,” New Delhi: Dorling Kindersley, Pearson Education, 2009. • For Images & Clip arts – clker.com – blogs.msdn.com – mysulitizenwebblog.blogspot.com © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 25 © Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 26© Copyright 2013 Anupam Kumar 5

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