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Indian  Railway
 

Indian Railway

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    Indian  Railway Indian Railway Presentation Transcript

    • INDIAN RAILWAY The Great Indian Railway Experience Presented by: Anupam Kumar
    • HISTORY(Pre Independence)
      • The first train in India became operational on 1851
      • On 1853, the first passenger train service was inaugurated between Bori Bunder, Bombay and Thana
      • Covering a distance of 34 km (21 miles), it was hauled by three locomotives, Sahib, Sindh and Sultan.
      • This was the formal birth of railways in India.
      • At the time of independence in 1947, a large portion of the railways went to the then newly formed Pakistan
    • POST INDEPENDENCE
      • At the time of independence in 1947, a large portion of the railways went to the then newly formed Pakistan
      • A total of forty-two separate railway systems, including thirty-two lines owned by the former Indian princely states, were amalgamated as a single unit which was christened as the Indian Railways .
      • The existing rail networks were abandoned in favour of zones in 1951
      • a total of six zones came into being in 1952
      • As the economy of India improved, almost all railway production units were indigenized.
      • By 1985, steam locomotives were phased out in favour of diesel and electric locomotives.
      • The entire railway reservation system was streamlined with Computerization in 1995.
      • ONE OF THE WORLDS LARGEST NET WORKS UNDER A SINGLE MANAGEMENT.
      • Route Length : 63122 Km
      • Gross Receipts: Rs. 42605 Crores
      • -Staff Strength: 14.72 Lakhs
      • -No. Of Stations: 6906
      • KEY ACTIVITIES OF INDIAN RAILWAYS
      • -TRANSPORTATION OF FREIGHT AND PASSENGERS
      Its contribution to the nation’s progress is immeasurable Dual role to play as a commercial organization as well as a vehicle for fulfillment of aspirations of the society at large
      • Indian Railways is 150 year old
      • It is largest railway system in world under one management
      • It is a lifeline of country
      • It is biggest civilian employer in the world
      • No strike in last 30 years in spite of 17 lakh workers
      • Always targeted by public during any rally, agitation etc
      INDIA RAILWAY
    • GENERAL
      • Indian Railways covers 64000 of route km along length & width of the country
      • It runs 12000 trains every day
      • It carry 1.4 crore passengers & 16 lakh tones of goods every day
      • It is fuel efficient system
    • INFRASTRUCTURE
      • Railways has 7500 engines,38000 coaches & about 2.5 lakh of wagons
      • 7000 stations & about 500 computerized passenger reservation centers
      • 1 lakh km of track
      • 17 lakh employee(10 lakh in Group C) including 10000 officers
      • 6 lakh staff Qrs
      • Biggest township Kharagpur has 12000 qrs
    • ORIGIN & DEVELOPMENT
      • 1947 Post partition 21 railway systems----10 owned by the GOI and balance by princely states. Total integration of princely state railways completed by first April 1950
      • 1951 Southern, Central and Western Railways SR, CR&WR created
      • 1952 Northern, Eastern and North Eastern Railways, NR,ER&NER created
      • 1955 South Eastern Railways, SER created
      • 1958 North East Frontier Railways, NFR created
      • 1966 South Central Railways, SCR created 2002 East Central & North Western Railways created in October
      • 2003 South Western , West Central, North Central, South Eastern Central & East Coast Railway, SWR, WCR, NCR, SECR and ECoR created in April 2003
    • ORGANISATION
            • 3 tier Management
      • Top – Railway board or Ministry of Railways headed by Chairman Railway Board
      • Middle -16 zones headed by General Managers
      • Bottom -67 divisions headed by Division Railway Managers
    • SERVICE IN PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION
      • Indian Railways offer unmatched service to the nation in two major segments of passenger traffic
        • Low Cost Long Distance travel
        • Mass Volume transportation segment
      • Share of nearly 22% in Passenger Transport
      • Rajdhani, Shatabdi, Super fast, Mail/exp Trains – Journey through Reservation
      • About 1520 Trains daily
      • This segment accounts for
        • 5% of the passenger carried
        • 34% of the PKM
        • 53% of the passenger revenue
      • The average distance covered by each passenger is 760 kms
      • Revenue earned
        • Per PKM is 40 paisa
        • Per passenger is Rs 310
      PREMIER PASSENGER SERVICE
    • MASS VOLUME PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION SERVICES
      • Consists of the following
        • Suburban traffic
        • Ordinary passenger service
        • Unreserved short distance travel
      • This sector accounts for
        • 95% of the passenger carried
        • 66% of the PKM
        • 47% of the passenger revenue
      • Passengers of this category travel on an average 71 kms for every journey
      • Earning per pkm is 18 paise and per passenger is Rs 13
      • Printed Card Tickets in use
    • FREIGHT TRANSPORT BUSINESS
      • Accounts for nearly 70% of IR’s revenue.
      • Railways share approx 40% of national transportation market.
      • In financial year 2003-04, Railways moved 557.39 m tonnes of originating revenue earning traffic with average lead-684 km.
      • 38.65 million tonnes higher than previous year’s loading.
      •   Target - 590 m tonnes for 2004-05
    • Current problems
      • Suffers from deteriorating finances and lack the funds for future investment.
      • The main problem plaguing the Railways is the high accident rate which stands at about three hundred a year.
      • Although accidents such as derailment and collisions are less common in recent times,
    • THANK YOU