Indian Railway


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Indian Railway

  1. 1. INDIAN RAILWAY The Great Indian Railway Experience Presented by: Anupam Kumar
  2. 2. HISTORY(Pre Independence) <ul><li>The first train in India became operational on 1851 </li></ul><ul><li>On 1853, the first passenger train service was inaugurated between Bori Bunder, Bombay and Thana </li></ul><ul><li>Covering a distance of 34 km (21 miles), it was hauled by three locomotives, Sahib, Sindh and Sultan. </li></ul><ul><li>This was the formal birth of railways in India. </li></ul><ul><li>At the time of independence in 1947, a large portion of the railways went to the then newly formed Pakistan </li></ul>
  3. 3. POST INDEPENDENCE <ul><li>At the time of independence in 1947, a large portion of the railways went to the then newly formed Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>A total of forty-two separate railway systems, including thirty-two lines owned by the former Indian princely states, were amalgamated as a single unit which was christened as the Indian Railways . </li></ul><ul><li>The existing rail networks were abandoned in favour of zones in 1951 </li></ul><ul><li>a total of six zones came into being in 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>As the economy of India improved, almost all railway production units were indigenized. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1985, steam locomotives were phased out in favour of diesel and electric locomotives. </li></ul><ul><li>The entire railway reservation system was streamlined with Computerization in 1995. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>ONE OF THE WORLDS LARGEST NET WORKS UNDER A SINGLE MANAGEMENT. </li></ul><ul><li>Route Length : 63122 Km </li></ul><ul><li>Gross Receipts: Rs. 42605 Crores </li></ul><ul><li>-Staff Strength: 14.72 Lakhs </li></ul><ul><li>-No. Of Stations: 6906 </li></ul><ul><li>KEY ACTIVITIES OF INDIAN RAILWAYS </li></ul><ul><li>-TRANSPORTATION OF FREIGHT AND PASSENGERS </li></ul>Its contribution to the nation’s progress is immeasurable Dual role to play as a commercial organization as well as a vehicle for fulfillment of aspirations of the society at large
  5. 5. <ul><li>Indian Railways is 150 year old </li></ul><ul><li>It is largest railway system in world under one management </li></ul><ul><li>It is a lifeline of country </li></ul><ul><li>It is biggest civilian employer in the world </li></ul><ul><li>No strike in last 30 years in spite of 17 lakh workers </li></ul><ul><li>Always targeted by public during any rally, agitation etc </li></ul>INDIA RAILWAY
  6. 6. GENERAL <ul><li>Indian Railways covers 64000 of route km along length & width of the country </li></ul><ul><li>It runs 12000 trains every day </li></ul><ul><li>It carry 1.4 crore passengers & 16 lakh tones of goods every day </li></ul><ul><li>It is fuel efficient system </li></ul>
  7. 7. INFRASTRUCTURE <ul><li>Railways has 7500 engines,38000 coaches & about 2.5 lakh of wagons </li></ul><ul><li>7000 stations & about 500 computerized passenger reservation centers </li></ul><ul><li>1 lakh km of track </li></ul><ul><li>17 lakh employee(10 lakh in Group C) including 10000 officers </li></ul><ul><li>6 lakh staff Qrs </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest township Kharagpur has 12000 qrs </li></ul>
  8. 8. ORIGIN & DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>1947 Post partition 21 railway systems----10 owned by the GOI and balance by princely states. Total integration of princely state railways completed by first April 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>1951 Southern, Central and Western Railways SR, CR&WR created </li></ul><ul><li>1952 Northern, Eastern and North Eastern Railways, NR,ER&NER created </li></ul><ul><li>1955 South Eastern Railways, SER created </li></ul><ul><li>1958 North East Frontier Railways, NFR created </li></ul><ul><li>1966 South Central Railways, SCR created 2002 East Central & North Western Railways created in October </li></ul><ul><li>2003 South Western , West Central, North Central, South Eastern Central & East Coast Railway, SWR, WCR, NCR, SECR and ECoR created in April 2003 </li></ul>
  9. 9. ORGANISATION <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 tier Management </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Top – Railway board or Ministry of Railways headed by Chairman Railway Board </li></ul><ul><li>Middle -16 zones headed by General Managers </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom -67 divisions headed by Division Railway Managers </li></ul>
  10. 10. SERVICE IN PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION <ul><li>Indian Railways offer unmatched service to the nation in two major segments of passenger traffic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Cost Long Distance travel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass Volume transportation segment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Share of nearly 22% in Passenger Transport </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Rajdhani, Shatabdi, Super fast, Mail/exp Trains – Journey through Reservation </li></ul><ul><li>About 1520 Trains daily </li></ul><ul><li>This segment accounts for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5% of the passenger carried </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>34% of the PKM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>53% of the passenger revenue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The average distance covered by each passenger is 760 kms </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue earned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Per PKM is 40 paisa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Per passenger is Rs 310 </li></ul></ul>PREMIER PASSENGER SERVICE
  12. 12. MASS VOLUME PASSENGER TRANSPORTATION SERVICES <ul><li>Consists of the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suburban traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordinary passenger service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unreserved short distance travel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This sector accounts for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>95% of the passenger carried </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>66% of the PKM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>47% of the passenger revenue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Passengers of this category travel on an average 71 kms for every journey </li></ul><ul><li>Earning per pkm is 18 paise and per passenger is Rs 13 </li></ul><ul><li>Printed Card Tickets in use </li></ul>
  13. 13. FREIGHT TRANSPORT BUSINESS <ul><li>Accounts for nearly 70% of IR’s revenue. </li></ul><ul><li>Railways share approx 40% of national transportation market. </li></ul><ul><li>In financial year 2003-04, Railways moved 557.39 m tonnes of originating revenue earning traffic with average lead-684 km. </li></ul><ul><li>38.65 million tonnes higher than previous year’s loading. </li></ul><ul><li>  Target - 590 m tonnes for 2004-05 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Current problems <ul><li>Suffers from deteriorating finances and lack the funds for future investment. </li></ul><ul><li>The main problem plaguing the Railways is the high accident rate which stands at about three hundred a year. </li></ul><ul><li>Although accidents such as derailment and collisions are less common in recent times, </li></ul>
  15. 15. THANK YOU