Ports In India

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  • 1. PREPARED BY: SAHIL PARMAR [3920] ANUJ GANDHI [3907] RUCHA BRAHMBHATT [3901] Ports in INDIA
  • 2. KANDLA PORT
    • Kandla port is situated in the the Kandla Creek and is 90 kms. from the mouth of the Gulf Of Kachch. It is a protected natural harbour. Latitude: 23 o 01' N Longitude: 70 o 13' E
  • 3. History of Kandla Port 1931 1955 1957 1981 1978 Maharao Khengarji III of Kutch built an RCC jetty where ships with draft of 8.8 meters could berth round the year Kandla was declared as a major port by the then Transport Minister, the late Lal Bahadur Shastri Container handling operations commenced with 1,217 TEUs being handled in the first year The Offshore Oil Terminal was commissioned at Vadinar when the giant tanker Netaji Subhashchandra Bose carrying 86,105 tonnes of Crude Oil was brought in at the First Single Buoy Mooring (SBM) 1975 The second oil jetty was commissioned The four newly constructed cargo jetties started operations 1983 12th cargo berth and Essar Oil Marine facilities commissioned The eighth cargo jetty started operations and the port crossed the 40 million mark 1999 The port sailed past the 10 million tonne milestone 2006 2007 Commissioning of Container Terminal
  • 4. MAJOR FUTURE PLANS
    • Addition of four Dry Cargo Berths- 13th to 16th with 8 MMTPA, draught of 14 mtrs. to be developed on BOT at a cost of Rs. 701 Crores.
    • Offshore Berthing facility with 12 MMTPA at the cost of Rs. 882 Crores at Satellite Port of Tuna with 15 mtrs.
    • Commissioning of Single Buoy Mooring (SBM) for crude handling off Veera with 12 MMT capacity.
    • Construction of 6 Warehouses, Deepening of Navigational Channel upto 14 m. draft
  • 5. MORMUGAO PORT
    • Mormugao Port , GOA one of the oldest ports on the west coast of India, with a fine natural harbour.
    • It has been relentlessly serving the nation in its economic development for over a century.
    • The Port was declared a Major Port on 2.12.1963.
    • Mormugao Port, GOA is the premier iron ore exporting Port of India with an annual throughput of around 33.81 million tones of iron ore traffic.
  • 6. Opportunity
    • Nation’s premier gateway on the western coast for bulk cargo
    • Caters to about 40% of the iron ore handled through the country
    • Poised to take care of the energy needs of the region as a Major
    • coal handling port.
    • Existing approach channel of -14.40 m. To be further deepened
    • to -15.40 m.
    • Opportunities for developing a full fledged container terminal
    • Prospects for cruise tourism development of offshore energy
    • Prospects for cruise tourism, development of offshore energy
    • exploration logistics base & rig repairs / servicing
  • 7. JNPT  JNPT is the second youngest port after Ennore. It is located at the eastern end of Mumbai in the Nhava Sheva area and situated at latitude 18º 56’ 43” N and longitude 72º56’ 24” E.  Current designed channel depth of JNPT is 11 metres and depth at berths is 13.5 metres. JNPT can take in vessels having laden draft upto 12.5 metres.The width of the channel is 400 metres at entry point and 460 metres off the berths.  Port cargo handling facilities include container terminals, a liquid handling terminal and a shallow water berth which can handle break-bulk and container traffic both.
  • 8. PORT HIGHLIGHTS
    • Ranks 31st among the top 100 Container Ports in the world
    • Handles 56% of India’s total containerized cargo
    • Highly automated and computerized operations with Single Window System
    • Recipient of Indira Priyadarshini Vrikshamitra Award – 1996 for the Greenest Port in India
    • Equipped with the latest Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS) to track/monitor vessel movements ensuring safe navigation
    • Spread over a land area of 2,584 hectares
    • Served by 16 Container Freight Stations and
    • over 23 Inland Container Depots
    • Well connected by National Rail/Road network
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • As liquid cargo handled by ports consists of products from various industries, the key industries impacting growth of liquid cargo were studied. The forecast for the traffic was arrived at 2 levels
    • a. National level forecasts for the commodity
    • b. JNPT forecasts for the commodity
    • JNPT liquid cargo traffic was estimated for the categories of crude, POL product, chemicals and other liquids . JNPT has no crude linkages with existing refineries and does not service crude traffic at present.
    • The crude traffic forecast for JNPT was based on ONGC plans to ship a part of its offshore crude production at Bombay High via JNPT to the coastal refinery of Mangalore.
    • JNPT POL product traffic is largely coastal based traffic which follows national trends of coastal traffic. Exports growth from the increase in refining capacity in Mumbai region was factored into the forecast. Since the port can handle certain liquid chemicals these were studied and grown at appropriate growth rates to arrive at liquid chemical forecast.
    Liquid Traffic at JNPT
  • 12. TUTICORIN PORT
    • Tuticorin Port is located on the South Eastern coast of India at latitude 8o 45'N and longitude 78o 13'E.
    • declared as a minor anchorage port in 1868.
    • On July 11, 1974,Tuticorin Port was declared as the 10th major port.
  • 13. Trades
    • I mports
        • Timber logs, M.O.P., Urea, Rock phosphate, Copper, Industrial coal, Containerized cargo etc. and
    • Exports
        • Sugar, Sand, Maize, Granite stone, Sulphuric acid, const. material, Containerized cargo etc.
  • 14. TUTICORIN PORT
  • 15. VIZAG PORT
    • Visakhapatnam Port on the Indian East Coast located at 170 41’ N and 830 18’ E .
    • It is the most natural and most easily formed port’ on the east coast of India.
  • 16. TRADES
    • IMPORT
        • Coking Coal, Steam Coal, Fertilizer, LAM & Pet Coke
    •  
    • EXPORT
        • CP Coke, Steel Products , POL ,Alumina, Thermal Coal
    •  
  • 17. VIEW OF VISAKHAPATNAM PORT TRUST
  • 18. PIPAVAV PORT
    • Geographical Location:-
    • Port Pipavav is located at Latitude 20 54'N and Longitude 71 30'E on the west coast of India, at a distance of 140 Kms South west of Bhavnagar.
    • Commodities handling:-
    • Pipavav port mainly deals in commodities like cotton, wood, pulp, sesame seeds, cattle feeds, agricultural products, ceramic tiles to soda ash, coal, containers, steel etc.
  • 19.
    • Marine Infrastructure
    • Draft
    • Port Pipavav currently has a vessel acceptance draft of 12.5m, with an outer channel depth of 12.5m and a turning basin depth of 11.5m at chart datum.
    • The draft at the bulk and container berths is 13.5m and at the LPG berth the draft is 15.5m at chart datum.
    •  
    • Pilotage & Towage:
    • Pilotage at Port Pipavav is compulsory. Port Pipavav provides the pilotage and towage services at the port and has deployed three tugs for this purpose.
    •  
    • Channel : The channel length at the port is 4,550 meter and due to the favourable oceanographic conditions, the port offers day and night navigation to all vessels other than LPG vessels which are berthed or de-berthed during the day only.
  • 20.
    • EQUIPMENTS
    • Bulk & Break bulk cargo handling:-
    • 1 mobile harbor crane
    • 2 RMG – Electric level luffing(ELL)
    • - ELL Built in Hopper & Cross Conveyor handling
    •  Conveyor Belt (1260m connecting dry berth to storage areas)
    • Container Handling:-
    • 8 Quay Gantry Cranes
      • 4 Post Panamax
      • 4 Panamax
    • 18 RTGs
    • - 10 Environment Friendly Cranes (Fuel savings upto 45% compared to regular RTGs)
    •  5 Reach Stackers
  • 21. Pipavav Port Layout
  • 22. MUNDRA PORT
    •  Mundra port is located at 60 km west of Gandhidham in Kutch district of Gujarat. Mundra Port is strategically located at (Latitude: 22º 43’ 88’ N; Longitude: 69º 42’ 34’ E)
    •  Mundra port is an all weather, independent and commercial port.
    •  The pilotage withing Mundra port limits is compulsory.
    •  Mundra port has a clear deep water approach with a minimum depth of 18 m at any state of tide.
    •  Mundra has 8 tugs
    •  The tidal range is between +0.37 m and +6.40 m; tidal streams flow 0700– 2500 at an average rate of3 kts., and 4 - 5 kts. during spring tides.
  • 23. Civil Infrastructure
    • Berths
    • Presently MPSEZ has 8 multipurpose berths, 4 container berths and a single point mooring (SPM)
    • Storage facilities • Warehouses, Godowns and Open Storage areas.
    • • MPSEZ has state of art tank farms, inventory management systems with 78 tanker loading bays and 12 unloading bays.
    • The tank farm has a capacity of around 3,60,000 KL.
  • 24.
    • Bulk Cargo:
    • 21 closed godowns ad measuring 1,37,000 sq. m., for wheat, rice, sugar, deoiled cakes (DOC), fertilizer, fertilizer raw materials (FRM), etc   
    • 8,80,000 sq. m. of well demarcated open storage space for steel sheets, plate, coils, scrap, clinker, salt, coal, coke, bentonite, etc
    • 26,000 sq. m of open storage alongside rail siding
    • Liquid Cargo:
    • Tank terminal with 81 tanks with total storage volume of 3,45,624 kiloliter for storage of various liquids like edible oils, petroleum products, bitumen in bulk and chemicals. 
    Contd…
  • 25. Equipments
    • 4 Gottwald and 4 Liebherr mobile harbour cranes with a handling capacity of 750 tons per hour (TPH) per crane
    • 22 bagging lines capable of 1008 TPH in total.
    • One 1,000 TPH ship loader
    • 3.6 km long Conveyor Belt
    • 2 mobile hoppers for direct discharge into the import conveyors
    • 6 mobile hoppers for direct discharge into dumpers
    • Wheat cleaning and rice sorting systems
  • 26. CHENNAI PORT
    • Chennai Port, the third oldest port among the 12 major ports.
    • This gateway port for all cargo has completed 126 years of glorious service to the nation’s maritime trade.
  • 27. BASIC INFORMATION
    • The port has 3 docks.
    • It has 23 berths.
    • draft permissible at Chennai port is 12m to 16.5m.
    • .The port is having railway lines running up to 68 kms
  • 28. The major commodities handled at the port are:
    •  
    • Containers;
    • Automobiles (export);
    • POL;
    • Iron ore;
    • Fertilisers (products and raw materials;
    • General cargoes.
  • 29. ENNORE PORT
    • Ennore port is situated on the coromandal coast about 24km north of Chennai Port along the coast line, in the State of Tamil Nadu.
    • It is the 12the Major Port in India and the first Corporatized Major Port in India
    • The Port was declared as a Major Port under the Indian Ports Act, 1908 in March 1999 and incorporated as a Ennore Port Limited under the Companies Act, 1956 in October 1999
  • 30. CONTD..
    • The permissible draught is 13.5m
    • Ennore Port presently owns 836 ha of land located inside and outside of the port boundary wall.
    • The port was inaugurated and dedicated to the Nation by the Honourable Prime Minister of India on 1.2.2001.
    • Commercial operations commenced with Handymax geared vessels for unloading of thermal coal on 22.6.2001
    • The main cargo handled at the Port of Ennore is thermal coal, which is import for TNEB (Tamil Nadu Electricity Board). Other present cargoes handled are iron ore and liquid bulk cargo.
  • 31. COMMODITIES HANDLE BY PORT
    • COAL
    • IRONE ORE
    • LIQUID CARGO
    • POL
    • FERTILIZER
  • 32. DIGHI PORT
    • Dighi port is most ideally located on the south western shore of the Rajpuri creek inlet, District Raigad, in the industrially advanced state of maharashtra,at a distance of 175 kms by road from mumbai,the capital of the state of Maharashtra and commercial capital of the Republic of India.
  • 33. INTRODUCTION
    • DPL is setting up an all weather deep draft direct berthing port at Dighi (southern shore) and Agardanda (northern shore) of rajpuri Creek,District raigadh,state of Maharashtra, Republic of india.
    • By way of development of berths and handling on the same bulk, break bulk, liquid, LPG/LNG and container cargo, as also, DPL has already started operations from the existing berth at DIGHI PORT.
  • 34. Contd..
    • DPL would also provide all supportive infrastructure, utilities and communications facilities, connectivity and stack yards,wherhouses,cargo handling equipments, administration/operations office buildings/s,pilotage and navigation facilities etc.
  • 35. VIZHINJAM PORT
    • Vizhinjam is on the outskirts of Trivandrum, 16km away from the city centre and 1 km away from the city limits, but located within the Trivandrum metropolitan city area.vizhinjam is a natural port, which is located close to the international ship route.
  • 36. Advantages of proposed vizhinjam port
    • Proximity to international shipping route and East-west shipping axis.
    • Availability of 20 m contour within a nautical mile off the coast. Minimal littoral drift along the coast and therefore hardly any maintenance dredging.
    • Immediacy to national/ regional road, rail network
    • Flexibility in design & expansion being Greenfield project close to thiruvananthapuram city that has an international airport, human resource and social infrastructure
    • The commercial, technological and political importance of Trivandrum, the fastest growing IT hub in india.
  • 37. NEW MANGALORE PORT
    • Area Description :
    • • New Mangalore Port is located on the West Coast of India midway between Kochi and Mormugao. It is an all weather port and the maritime gateway of Karnataka State.
    • • The Port is served by a Broad Gauge Railway line and is well connected with Southern portion of country through Mangalore, Kerala State and Chennai.
    • LOCATION
        • • Latitude : 120 55’N
        • • Longitude : 740 48’ E
  • 38. Conti..
    • Entrance Channel:
    • Length: 7500mtr
    • Minimum depth: 15.4mtr
    • Minimum width : 245 mtr.
    • The Port has 14 berths, which includes 9 General Cargo berths and 4 oil jetties.
    • The Port is handling liquid chemical through POL products, containers and bulk cargoes like Granite stone, Timbers, Coal, Coke, Iron Ore pellets, Fertilizers
  • 39. Port Layout
  • 40. FEATURES OF THE PORT
    • Deepest Inner harbour on the west coast with 15.40 mtrs depth at the entrance channel.
    • First among the Major Ports of India accredited with
    • International Ship & Port Security(ISPS) Code Certification.
    • Largest LPG handling Port in India
    • 3rd Largest POL handling Port in India
    • Easily accessible to 3 National Highways – NH 13, 17, 48 - South Western, Konkan & Southern Railway - & also Air Port
  • 41. COCHIN PORT
    • GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION:
    • The Port of Cochin is located on the South West Coast of India, in the state of Kerala at 9deg58’ N, 76deg 16’ E.
    • The Port is situated on the Willingdon Island which is an artificial Island tucked inside the Backwaters. 
  • 42. Port Layout
  • 43. Features of port
    • The Port is situated on the Willingdon Island which is an artificial Island tucked inside the Backwaters.  The backwaters offer calm and placid channels for ships throughout the year, even during the Monsoon season.
    • Cochin port is connected to its hinterland enlarging to the state of Kerala ,South Tamilnadu and South Karnataka by National Highways NH 47(Kanyakumari-Salem), NH49 (Cochin-Madurai) and  NH17(Cochin-Mumbai)
  • 44. Contd…
    • Indian Railway Network provides seamless connectivity to South and Central India.The National Waterway NW3 provides connectivity to the South Kerala.The port has an international airport in its proximity. The network of railways roads, waterways and airways has created good accessibility to the port.
    • The port is developing India’s first Port Based Special Economic Zone.
  • 45. KARAIKAL PORT
    • Karaikal Port Private Ltd (KPPL) is a wholly owned subsidiary of MARG Ltd, a leading infrastructure and real estate developer along the Chennai IT corridor with interest ranging across various areas that include Residential Projects, Commercial Real estate projects, SEZs, Ports, Townships, IT Parks, Malls, etc .
  • 46. BERTHING FACILITIES
    • Currently Karaikal port has two berths, one for general cargo and the other for coal. The total length of both the berths is 460m and the width is 20.8 m. The handling capacity of coal is 3.0 MTPA and the cargo berth is 2.2 MTPA. Three more berths, under development, will be the next addition to the Port. A dedicated coal berth, a liquid/general cargo berth and an OSV/PSV berth will take the cumulative capacity of the port to 20.5 MTPA. The final phase will see an addition of 2 container berths, an additional coal berth and a multi-cargo berth, taking the total to 9 berths with a cumulative handling capacity of 46.9 MPTA.
  • 47. KRISHNAPATNAM PORT
    • One of the India’s largest and fastest growing seaports, Krishnapatnam Port has emerged as a world-class port with outstanding services and facilities. It is fast becoming a port of choice for all international cargo originating from and destined to the Southern and Central India. Krishnapatnam Port Company has won the mandate from the Govt. of Andhra Pradesh to develop the existing minor port into a modern, deep water & high Productivity port, on BOST basis for 50 years.
  • 48. Infrastructure
    • The port is being equipped to handle
    • Containers.
    • Bulk cargo like Coal, Iron Ore, Fertilizer etc.
    • Break bulk Cargo like granite etc.
    • Petrochemicals.
    • Project Cargos / ODC.
  • 49. KOLKATA PORT
    • Brief History :
    • Kolkata is the oldest major port in the country. The power to rule this vast country passed from the East India Company to the British Crown. The affairs of the Port were brought under the administrative control of the Government with the appoinment of a Port Commission in 1870. Kolkata port is consider as major port in 1975, after the Major port trust act 1963 came into force.
    • Location :
      • Latitude of 22°32'53" North,
      • Longitude - 88°18'5" East .
  • 50. Commodity handle by KDS
    • Oil
    • Iron Ore
    • Thermal Coal
    • Fertilizer
    • Coking coal
    • POL
    • Container
    • Steel
    • Limestone
    • Cement
  • 51. Haldia dock complex (HDC)
    • Introduction:
    • It is a dock managed by Kolkata port trust.
    • Location:
      • 104 kms downstream of Kolkata, West Bengal, India 130 kms upstream from Sandheads
      • Latitude : 22° 02´ North Longitude : 88° 06´ East
  • 52. Facilities
    • Comprises 3 riverine Oil Jetties
    • 12 berths inside an impounded dock
    • two riverine barge jetties and Haldia Anchorage for LASH vessels.
    • It is an All-weather port
    • Lock Gate: 985 feet x 130 feet
    • Land Area: 6367 acres
    • Average draft availability is 8.5 meters
  • 53. PARADIP PORT
    • Introduction:
    • Paradip is one of the Major Ports of India. The Port was opened to Traffic on 12th March 1966. Government of India declared Paradip as the Eighth Major Port of India on 18th April 1966.
    • Location:
    • Paradip port is situated 210 nautical miles south of Calcutta and 260 nautical miles north of Visakhapatnam.
    • Latitude 20° - 15'-55.44" N
    • Longitude 86° -40'-34.62" E
  • 54. Commodity Handled
    • Thermal coal
    • Chrome Ore
    • Manganese Ore
    • Iron Ore
    • Charge chrome
    • Ferro Chrome
    • Ferro Manganese
    • Steel coils
    • Project Cargo
    • Coking Coal
    • Hard Coke
    • Limestone
    • Food – grains
    • Fertilizer
    • DBM
    • Steel billets
    • Scrap
    • Clinkers
  • 55. Facilities
    • PILOTAGE & TOWAGE FACILITIES
    • MARINE POLUTIONS & RECEPTION FACILITIES
    • SAFETY & SECURITY FACILITIES
    • BERTHS & HANDLING FACILITIES
    • Single Point Mooring (SPM) facilities
    • STORAGE FACILITIES
  • 56. GANGAVARAM PORT
    • Gangavaram Port has been developed as all weather, multipurpose, deepest port in India with a depth up to 21 meters capable of handling Super Cape size vessels of up to 200,000 DWT.
    • It will be able to provide efficient cargo handling services for a variety of bulk cargo groups including Coal, Iron Ore, Fertilizer, Limestone, Food Grains, Steel products, Petrochemicals etc.
  • 57. Advantages to Port Users:
    • Reduced per ton ocean-freight owing to larger parcel sizes at deep-draft berths Significantly reduced vessel waiting time owing to highly efficient port     operations Faster turn-around of vessels owing to modern high-speed cargo handling     equipment Cost-efficient logistic solution owing to high-speed cargo evacuation and     proximity to national/regional road/rail network Environment-friendly material handling system Competitive tariffs
  • 58. DHAMRA PORT
    • The Dhamra Port Company Limited (DPCL) is a 50:50 joint venture of L&T and Tata Steel. DPCL has been awarded a concession by Government of Orissa to build and operate a port north of the mouth of river Dhamra in Bhadrak district on BOOST (Build, Own, Operate, Share and Transfer) basis for a total period of 34 years including a period of 4 years for construction.
  • 59. Storage capacity Cargo Storage Capacity Coal 0.63 Million MT Lime Stone 0.09 Million MT Iron Ore 0.75 Million MT
  • 60. Various Maps of Dhamra
  • 61. KAKINADA PORT
    • Kakinada Port is situated in the East Coast of India in Latitude 16 o 56' N Longitude 82 o 15 ' E. This is an all weather Lighterage Port developed in a naturally sheltered bay called as Godavari Sand Spit.
  • 62. Information
    • This port is classified as an intermediate port and is all weather sheltered anchorage port.
    • Kakinada Bay, with water spread of about 2.5 Sq.Km. is encircled and protected upto three quarters of its perimeter by the mainland and the Godavari sand spit, also known as "Hope Island".
  • 63. Infrastructural Facilities
  • 64. Exports & Imports
    • Exports
    • Bentonite, Bio-Diesel, Drilling Equipment, Feldspar, Granite Blocks, Iron Ore, Methanol, Steel
    • Imports
    • Ammonia, Ball Clay, Bitumen, Coal, Cement Clinker, Diesel, Drilling Equipment, Edible Oil, Fertilisers, Base Oil, Feldspar Chips, Hexane , Industrial Salt, Furnace Oil, Naphtha, Methanol, Motor Spirit, Phosphoric Acid, Project Cargo, Pulses, Rock Phospate, Toluene, Raw Sugar, Sugar in Bags, Sulfuric Acid, Wood Pulp
  • 65.