0
GROUP NAME:-F.W.TAYLOR    Compiled by  Anuj Pratap  IBM(C.S.J.M.U.)      Kanpur
Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer whosought to improve industr...
Why studyManagement  Theory?
What is managementtheory?Why is managementtheory important?Why is managementtheories important?
Evaluation of Management Thought
CLASSICAL APPROACH  Classical theorists formulated principles for setting up and managing organizations. These views are l...
THE THREE MAJOR CONTRIBUTORS   OF THE CLASSICAL APPROACH                Administrative   BureaucraticScientific           ...
SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT / CONTRIBUTION OF TAYLOR The concept of scientific management was introduced by Fredrick Winslow Tay...
:-Develop a science for each element of an individual’swork.:-Scientifically select and then training teachingdevelopment ...
ADMINISTRATIVEAPPROACH/CONTRIBUTION OF HENRY            FAYOLHenry Fayol, a Frenchindustrialist, has been regarded asthe r...
Fayol divided the activities of anindustry into 6 groups-:-Technical:-Commercial:-Financial:-Security:-Accounting:-Manager...
Fayol’s principle of Management1.    Division of work2.    Authority and responsibility3.    Discipline4.    Unity of comm...
Discussion Question     Which of the following is the most     important aspect of Fayol’s principles     of management?A....
Bureaucracy
Characteristics of bureaucracy -:Division of work -:Hierarchy of Position -:Rules and Regulations -:Impersonal Relationshi...
MAX WABERThe great German sociologist and  political economist was born on 21  April 1864.He worked in the field of econom...
Bureaucracy / Contribution of Max Weber  Max weber’s main contribution to management is his theory of authority structure ...
There are three type of legitimate authoritywhich run as follows-1. Rational-Legal authority2. Traditional authority3. Cha...
Neo classical    ApproachIt is also called BEHAVIORALAPPROACH. The behavioralapproach to management beganwith the ‘Howthor...
a) Classical approach did not achieve   total efficiency and workplace   harmony.b) Managers still encountered problem   b...
Human Relations Approach-:Focus on the social environment of a job-:Refers to the manner in which managers interact withsu...
 Four phases   Illumination experiment   Relay room experiment   Bank wiring observation   Interview program
Employees are           Employees’ performance motivated by social        is more a result of peerneeds and association   ...
Snapshot               “Teamwork is one of the most beautiful                experiences in life. Teamwork is our         ...
TYPES OF MODERN SCHOOL 1.SYSTEMS APPROACH 2.CONTINGENCY APPROACH
SYSTEMS APPROACH                      External                    environmentInput (Resources)                    Output  ...
CONCEPTSub SystemSynergyOpen & close SystemSystem BoundaryFlowFeed Back
CONTINGENCY APPROACH   Approaches depend on the variables of the    situations   Draws on all past theories in attemptin...
Management thought
Management thought
Management thought
Management thought
Management thought
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Management thought

7,408

Published on

This presentation is submitted to pro. S.K. Srivastava, Director of institute of business management (Chhatrapati Shahu ji Maharaj University, kanpur)

Published in: Education
2 Comments
7 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • it is very useful for me
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • its very useful for me
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
7,408
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
222
Comments
2
Likes
7
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Management thought"

  1. 1. GROUP NAME:-F.W.TAYLOR Compiled by Anuj Pratap IBM(C.S.J.M.U.) Kanpur
  2. 2. Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer whosought to improve industrial efficiency. He is regardedas the father of scientific management and was one ofthe first management consultants.Taylor was one of theintellectual leaders of the Efficiency Movement and hisideas, broadly conceived, were highly influential in theProgressive Era.
  3. 3. Why studyManagement Theory?
  4. 4. What is managementtheory?Why is managementtheory important?Why is managementtheories important?
  5. 5. Evaluation of Management Thought
  6. 6. CLASSICAL APPROACH Classical theorists formulated principles for setting up and managing organizations. These views are labeled “classical” because they form the foundation for the field of management thought.
  7. 7. THE THREE MAJOR CONTRIBUTORS OF THE CLASSICAL APPROACH Administrative BureaucraticScientific Approach-: Approach-Management -:F. W. Taylor Henry Fayol :Max weber
  8. 8. SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT / CONTRIBUTION OF TAYLOR The concept of scientific management was introduced by Fredrick Winslow Taylor in USA in the beginning of 20th century. According to Taylor, “ Scientific management is concerned with knowing exactly what you want men to do and then see in that they do it in the best and cheapest way.”
  9. 9. :-Develop a science for each element of an individual’swork.:-Scientifically select and then training teachingdevelopment of the works.:-Heartily cooperate with the workers so as to ensure thatall work is done in accordance with the principal of thescience has been developed.:-Divide work and responsibility almost equally betweenmanagement and which it is better salted than theworkers.
  10. 10. ADMINISTRATIVEAPPROACH/CONTRIBUTION OF HENRY FAYOLHenry Fayol, a Frenchindustrialist, has been regarded asthe real father of modernmanagement. He reduced his ideasbased on practical experiences in hisbook, ‘Administration industrialle atGenerali, published in 1916 inFrench language.
  11. 11. Fayol divided the activities of anindustry into 6 groups-:-Technical:-Commercial:-Financial:-Security:-Accounting:-Managerial These activities are common allorganization, whether big or small.
  12. 12. Fayol’s principle of Management1. Division of work2. Authority and responsibility3. Discipline4. Unity of command5. Unity of direction6. Subordination of individual interest to general interest7. Remuneration of personnel8. Centralization9. Scalar chain10. Order11. Equity12. Stability of tenure13. Initiative14. Esprit de corps
  13. 13. Discussion Question Which of the following is the most important aspect of Fayol’s principles of management?A. Division of LaborB. Unity of CommandC. Remuneration of PersonnelD. Esprit de corps
  14. 14. Bureaucracy
  15. 15. Characteristics of bureaucracy -:Division of work -:Hierarchy of Position -:Rules and Regulations -:Impersonal Relationship -:Official records
  16. 16. MAX WABERThe great German sociologist and political economist was born on 21 April 1864.He worked in the field of economics sociology, history, law, politics and philosophy at the university of Berlin, Vienna and university of Munich.On 14 jun 1920 he left the word due to pneumonia.
  17. 17. Bureaucracy / Contribution of Max Weber Max weber’s main contribution to management is his theory of authority structure and his description of organi- zations based on the nature of autority relations within them.
  18. 18. There are three type of legitimate authoritywhich run as follows-1. Rational-Legal authority2. Traditional authority3. Charismatic authority
  19. 19. Neo classical ApproachIt is also called BEHAVIORALAPPROACH. The behavioralapproach to management beganwith the ‘Howthorne experiment’.
  20. 20. a) Classical approach did not achieve total efficiency and workplace harmony.b) Managers still encountered problem because workers didn’t always behave as they were supposed to. Two branches: 1) Human Relations Approach 2) Behavioral Sciences Approach
  21. 21. Human Relations Approach-:Focus on the social environment of a job-:Refers to the manner in which managers interact withsubordinates-:Managers must know why subordinates behave asthey do-:Importance of individuals in success or failure of anorganization-:Management should recognize employees’ need forrecognition and social acceptance-:Management should look on work group as a positiveforce.
  22. 22.  Four phases Illumination experiment Relay room experiment Bank wiring observation Interview program
  23. 23. Employees are Employees’ performance motivated by social is more a result of peerneeds and association pressure than with others management’s incentives and rules Employees want to Managers need toparticipate in decisions involve subordinates that affect them in coordinating their work to improve efficiency
  24. 24. Snapshot “Teamwork is one of the most beautiful experiences in life. Teamwork is our core value and a primary way that the Container Store enriches the quality of employees’ work life.”Kip Tindell, President, The Container Store
  25. 25. TYPES OF MODERN SCHOOL 1.SYSTEMS APPROACH 2.CONTINGENCY APPROACH
  26. 26. SYSTEMS APPROACH External environmentInput (Resources) Output Transformation Human Product Capital Services Materials
  27. 27. CONCEPTSub SystemSynergyOpen & close SystemSystem BoundaryFlowFeed Back
  28. 28. CONTINGENCY APPROACH Approaches depend on the variables of the situations Draws on all past theories in attempting to analyze and solve problems Is integrative Summarized as an “it all depends” device Tells managers to look to their experiences and the past and to consider many options before choosing Encourages managers to stay flexible
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×