INNOVATION         in the EPA                     Antigua and Barbuda                      10-11 March 2011Malcolm Spence,...
Overview of presentation•   What is the Caribbean context?•   What is innovation in the Caribbean    context?•   What is i...
The Caribbean Context•    Small, vulnerable, highly indebted     economies•    Producing narrow range of low value-     ad...
The Caribbean Context•    Reliance on non-reciprocal preferential     treatment in external markets•    Limited inherent c...
The Caribbean Context•    Low regional economic growth     averaging 1.8% per year over the last     twenty years    – 4.3...
The Caribbean Context•    Some positives    – Strong regional cooperation (relatively)      and networks    – Diversity in...
The Caribbean Context•    But ...•    ... low expenditure on research and     development    – <0.15% GDP per year    – 0....
Overview of presentation•   What is the Caribbean context?•   What is innovation in the Caribbean    context?•   What is i...
Innovation in the Caribbean •   What is the Caribbean’s innovation     potential?     – Problem solving and innovation in ...
Innovation in the Caribbean •   Plant breeding, traditional and modern     – Genetic resources       (collections in sugar...
Innovation in the Caribbean •   Renewable Energy sector     – Power from solar, wind, geo-thermal and       current flow •...
Innovation in the Caribbean •   Intellectual Property •   Intellectual Asset Auditing and     Management
Innovation in the Caribbean •   Mining the Intellectual Property     registration system for strategic     information •  ...
Innovation in the Caribbean •   Creativity and innovation     –   Music and literature     –   Designs and fashion     –  ...
Overview of presentation•   What is the Caribbean context?•   What is innovation in the Caribbean    context?•   What is i...
What is in the EPA– Agreement that innovation important and  intellectual property rights can help– Agreement that CARIFOR...
What is in the EPA–   Asymmetrical obligations on TRIPS–   WIPO Internet Treaties–   Patent Cooperation Treaty–   Geograph...
What is in the EPA•   Implementation by 2014    – Unless agreed otherwise taking into      consideration level of developm...
What is in the EPA•    Development Cooperation    – The Parties agree that cooperation      activities will be particularl...
What is in the EPA•   Development Cooperation    –   SME Competitiveness and Innovation    –   Science and Technology    –...
What is in the EPA•   Development Cooperation    –   Regional Initiatives    –   Preparation of laws    –   Geographical I...
Overview of presentation•   What is the Caribbean context?•   What is innovation in the Caribbean    context?•   What is i...
What to do and by who•    Governments and innovation    – Provide supportive regulatory      environment    – Place Intell...
What to do and by who•    International Development Partners     and innovation    – Inter-American Development Bank      ...
What to do and by who•    International Development Partners     and innovation    – European Community programmes      th...
What to do and by who   Competitiveness and Innovation           Programme (CIP)        http://ec.europa.eu/cip/The curren...
What to do and by who   Seventh Framework Programme for         Research and Technological              Development (FP7)h...
What to do and by who    The FP7 runs from 2007 to 2013        Overall budget of € 6.4 billion€ 4 billion for People, € 1 ...
What to do and by who     http://www.enterprise-europe-    network.ec.europa.eu/index_en.htmhttp://ec.europa.eu/enterprise...
What to do, and by who•    Education Institutions     – Make patent searching compulsory for all       technology projects...
What to do, and by who•    Ministry of Finance or Development     – Determine innovation (and       competitiveness) metri...
What to do, and by who•    Business Training Courses     – Provide courses in Innovation       Management and Research Man...
What to do, and by who•    Firms     – Create research networks and       partnerships with other firms, universities     ...
What to do, and by who•    Firms     – Undertake intellectual asset audits and       develop intellectual asset management...
Overview of presentation•   What is the Caribbean context?•   What is innovation in the Caribbean    context?•   What is i...
Reflections on winners•    Where economies of scale do not     provide a significant competitive     advantage•    Where o...
Reflections on winners•    Understanding IP Licensing    – Content for the Digital Environment    – New varieties of plant...
Reflections on winners•    Bio-ceuticals•    Green integrated circuits – ICTs•    G4 Algae biofuels – Renewable     energy
Reflections on winners          Eco-innovationhttp://ec.europa.eu/environment/eco-         innovation/index_en.htm
THANKS FOR YOUR    ATTENTIONmalcolm.spence@crnm.org    +1 246 243 1573
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Intellectual Property & Innovation - Malcolm Spence - Office of Trade Negotiations - CARICOM Secretariat

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This session will introduce and examine the provisions on innovation and Intellectual Property and the potential challenges and opportunities arising there from.
The areas of focus are the explanation of the different types of Intellectual Property and their importance to stakeholders and an introduction to the Innovation and Competitiveness Programme and its opportunities and benefits for stakeholders.

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Intellectual Property & Innovation - Malcolm Spence - Office of Trade Negotiations - CARICOM Secretariat

  1. 1. INNOVATION in the EPA Antigua and Barbuda 10-11 March 2011Malcolm Spence, Office of Trade Negotiations,CARICOM Secretariat
  2. 2. Overview of presentation• What is the Caribbean context?• What is innovation in the Caribbean context?• What is in the EPA that might help?• What to do and who to do what
  3. 3. The Caribbean Context• Small, vulnerable, highly indebted economies• Producing narrow range of low value- added, low technology exports• Losing significant percentage of qualified personnel to OECD countries
  4. 4. The Caribbean Context• Reliance on non-reciprocal preferential treatment in external markets• Limited inherent capacity to achieve through economies of scale in the face of relentless globalisation
  5. 5. The Caribbean Context• Low regional economic growth averaging 1.8% per year over the last twenty years – 4.3% for developing countries – 3.5% for Latin America
  6. 6. The Caribbean Context• Some positives – Strong regional cooperation (relatively) and networks – Diversity in population, culture, biological and marine resources – Creativity and its broad expression
  7. 7. The Caribbean Context• But ...• ... low expenditure on research and development – <0.15% GDP per year – 0.55% for Latin America
  8. 8. Overview of presentation• What is the Caribbean context?• What is innovation in the Caribbean context?• What is in the EPA that might help?• What to do and who to do what
  9. 9. Innovation in the Caribbean • What is the Caribbean’s innovation potential? – Problem solving and innovation in Agriculture and Energy
  10. 10. Innovation in the Caribbean • Plant breeding, traditional and modern – Genetic resources (collections in sugar cane, cocoa. Also bananas? pineapple? cotton? hot peppers?) • Renewable Energy sector – Solar, wind, geo-thermal and current flow
  11. 11. Innovation in the Caribbean • Renewable Energy sector – Power from solar, wind, geo-thermal and current flow • So what do we need to improve
  12. 12. Innovation in the Caribbean • Intellectual Property • Intellectual Asset Auditing and Management
  13. 13. Innovation in the Caribbean • Mining the Intellectual Property registration system for strategic information • Negotiating licences in and out
  14. 14. Innovation in the Caribbean • Creativity and innovation – Music and literature – Designs and fashion – Audio-visual works – Tourism – all-inclusive hotels (and fetes?)
  15. 15. Overview of presentation• What is the Caribbean context?• What is innovation in the Caribbean context?• What is in the EPA that might help?• What to do and who to do what
  16. 16. What is in the EPA– Agreement that innovation important and intellectual property rights can help– Agreement that CARIFORUM eligible for EU innovation support programmes– Agreement to promote and facilitate technology transfer
  17. 17. What is in the EPA– Asymmetrical obligations on TRIPS– WIPO Internet Treaties– Patent Cooperation Treaty– Geographical Indications extension– Increased transparency for enforcement
  18. 18. What is in the EPA• Implementation by 2014 – Unless agreed otherwise taking into consideration level of development and development priorities• Haiti by 2021 – Unless agreed to extend as per WTO
  19. 19. What is in the EPA• Development Cooperation – The Parties agree that cooperation activities will be particularly important in the transition period referred to in Articles 139 and 140 (2007 – 2014)
  20. 20. What is in the EPA• Development Cooperation – SME Competitiveness and Innovation – Science and Technology – Information society and ICTs – Eco-innovation and renewable energy
  21. 21. What is in the EPA• Development Cooperation – Regional Initiatives – Preparation of laws – Geographical Indications – Codes of conduct
  22. 22. Overview of presentation• What is the Caribbean context?• What is innovation in the Caribbean context?• What is in the EPA that might help?• What to do and who to do what
  23. 23. What to do and by who• Governments and innovation – Provide supportive regulatory environment – Place Intellectual Property Office in Planning and Development portfolio – Support innovation through procurement
  24. 24. What to do and by who• International Development Partners and innovation – Inter-American Development Bank (supporting work needed to identify Caribbean innovation systems) – IDRC (supporting “brain circulation” patterns)
  25. 25. What to do and by who• International Development Partners and innovation – European Community programmes through the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)
  26. 26. What to do and by who Competitiveness and Innovation Programme (CIP) http://ec.europa.eu/cip/The current CIP runs from 2007 to 2013 Overall budget of € 3621 million
  27. 27. What to do and by who Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7)http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/home_en.html
  28. 28. What to do and by who The FP7 runs from 2007 to 2013 Overall budget of € 6.4 billion€ 4 billion for People, € 1 billion for SMEs)
  29. 29. What to do and by who http://www.enterprise-europe- network.ec.europa.eu/index_en.htmhttp://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/newsroom/ cf/itemlongdetail.cfm?item_id=3537&la ng=en
  30. 30. What to do, and by who• Education Institutions – Make patent searching compulsory for all technology projects and programmes – Establish Offices of Technology Transfer – Establish research networks
  31. 31. What to do, and by who• Ministry of Finance or Development – Determine innovation (and competitiveness) metrics for small economies (do not forget the diaspora)
  32. 32. What to do, and by who• Business Training Courses – Provide courses in Innovation Management and Research Management in small firms – Provide courses in intellectual asset auditing and strategic management
  33. 33. What to do, and by who• Firms – Create research networks and partnerships with other firms, universities and Government – Understand the intellectual property system and how to exploit it
  34. 34. What to do, and by who• Firms – Undertake intellectual asset audits and develop intellectual asset management strategies
  35. 35. Overview of presentation• What is the Caribbean context?• What is innovation in the Caribbean context?• What is in the EPA that might help?• What to do and who to do what
  36. 36. Reflections on winners• Where economies of scale do not provide a significant competitive advantage• Where output can claim uniqueness from location
  37. 37. Reflections on winners• Understanding IP Licensing – Content for the Digital Environment – New varieties of plants and Geographical Indications• Essential oils and oleoresins (colours, flavours, smells and catalysts)
  38. 38. Reflections on winners• Bio-ceuticals• Green integrated circuits – ICTs• G4 Algae biofuels – Renewable energy
  39. 39. Reflections on winners Eco-innovationhttp://ec.europa.eu/environment/eco- innovation/index_en.htm
  40. 40. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTIONmalcolm.spence@crnm.org +1 246 243 1573
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