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Intellectual Property & Innovation - Malcolm Spence - Office of Trade Negotiations - CARICOM Secretariat
 

Intellectual Property & Innovation - Malcolm Spence - Office of Trade Negotiations - CARICOM Secretariat

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This session will introduce and examine the provisions on innovation and Intellectual Property and the potential challenges and opportunities arising there from....

This session will introduce and examine the provisions on innovation and Intellectual Property and the potential challenges and opportunities arising there from.
The areas of focus are the explanation of the different types of Intellectual Property and their importance to stakeholders and an introduction to the Innovation and Competitiveness Programme and its opportunities and benefits for stakeholders.

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    Intellectual Property & Innovation - Malcolm Spence - Office of Trade Negotiations - CARICOM Secretariat  Intellectual Property & Innovation - Malcolm Spence - Office of Trade Negotiations - CARICOM Secretariat Presentation Transcript

    • INNOVATION in the EPA Antigua and Barbuda 10-11 March 2011Malcolm Spence, Office of Trade Negotiations,CARICOM Secretariat
    • Overview of presentation• What is the Caribbean context?• What is innovation in the Caribbean context?• What is in the EPA that might help?• What to do and who to do what
    • The Caribbean Context• Small, vulnerable, highly indebted economies• Producing narrow range of low value- added, low technology exports• Losing significant percentage of qualified personnel to OECD countries
    • The Caribbean Context• Reliance on non-reciprocal preferential treatment in external markets• Limited inherent capacity to achieve through economies of scale in the face of relentless globalisation
    • The Caribbean Context• Low regional economic growth averaging 1.8% per year over the last twenty years – 4.3% for developing countries – 3.5% for Latin America
    • The Caribbean Context• Some positives – Strong regional cooperation (relatively) and networks – Diversity in population, culture, biological and marine resources – Creativity and its broad expression
    • The Caribbean Context• But ...• ... low expenditure on research and development – <0.15% GDP per year – 0.55% for Latin America
    • Overview of presentation• What is the Caribbean context?• What is innovation in the Caribbean context?• What is in the EPA that might help?• What to do and who to do what
    • Innovation in the Caribbean • What is the Caribbean’s innovation potential? – Problem solving and innovation in Agriculture and Energy
    • Innovation in the Caribbean • Plant breeding, traditional and modern – Genetic resources (collections in sugar cane, cocoa. Also bananas? pineapple? cotton? hot peppers?) • Renewable Energy sector – Solar, wind, geo-thermal and current flow
    • Innovation in the Caribbean • Renewable Energy sector – Power from solar, wind, geo-thermal and current flow • So what do we need to improve
    • Innovation in the Caribbean • Intellectual Property • Intellectual Asset Auditing and Management
    • Innovation in the Caribbean • Mining the Intellectual Property registration system for strategic information • Negotiating licences in and out
    • Innovation in the Caribbean • Creativity and innovation – Music and literature – Designs and fashion – Audio-visual works – Tourism – all-inclusive hotels (and fetes?)
    • Overview of presentation• What is the Caribbean context?• What is innovation in the Caribbean context?• What is in the EPA that might help?• What to do and who to do what
    • What is in the EPA– Agreement that innovation important and intellectual property rights can help– Agreement that CARIFORUM eligible for EU innovation support programmes– Agreement to promote and facilitate technology transfer
    • What is in the EPA– Asymmetrical obligations on TRIPS– WIPO Internet Treaties– Patent Cooperation Treaty– Geographical Indications extension– Increased transparency for enforcement
    • What is in the EPA• Implementation by 2014 – Unless agreed otherwise taking into consideration level of development and development priorities• Haiti by 2021 – Unless agreed to extend as per WTO
    • What is in the EPA• Development Cooperation – The Parties agree that cooperation activities will be particularly important in the transition period referred to in Articles 139 and 140 (2007 – 2014)
    • What is in the EPA• Development Cooperation – SME Competitiveness and Innovation – Science and Technology – Information society and ICTs – Eco-innovation and renewable energy
    • What is in the EPA• Development Cooperation – Regional Initiatives – Preparation of laws – Geographical Indications – Codes of conduct
    • Overview of presentation• What is the Caribbean context?• What is innovation in the Caribbean context?• What is in the EPA that might help?• What to do and who to do what
    • What to do and by who• Governments and innovation – Provide supportive regulatory environment – Place Intellectual Property Office in Planning and Development portfolio – Support innovation through procurement
    • What to do and by who• International Development Partners and innovation – Inter-American Development Bank (supporting work needed to identify Caribbean innovation systems) – IDRC (supporting “brain circulation” patterns)
    • What to do and by who• International Development Partners and innovation – European Community programmes through the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)
    • What to do and by who Competitiveness and Innovation Programme (CIP) http://ec.europa.eu/cip/The current CIP runs from 2007 to 2013 Overall budget of € 3621 million
    • What to do and by who Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7)http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/home_en.html
    • What to do and by who The FP7 runs from 2007 to 2013 Overall budget of € 6.4 billion€ 4 billion for People, € 1 billion for SMEs)
    • What to do and by who http://www.enterprise-europe- network.ec.europa.eu/index_en.htmhttp://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/newsroom/ cf/itemlongdetail.cfm?item_id=3537&la ng=en
    • What to do, and by who• Education Institutions – Make patent searching compulsory for all technology projects and programmes – Establish Offices of Technology Transfer – Establish research networks
    • What to do, and by who• Ministry of Finance or Development – Determine innovation (and competitiveness) metrics for small economies (do not forget the diaspora)
    • What to do, and by who• Business Training Courses – Provide courses in Innovation Management and Research Management in small firms – Provide courses in intellectual asset auditing and strategic management
    • What to do, and by who• Firms – Create research networks and partnerships with other firms, universities and Government – Understand the intellectual property system and how to exploit it
    • What to do, and by who• Firms – Undertake intellectual asset audits and develop intellectual asset management strategies
    • Overview of presentation• What is the Caribbean context?• What is innovation in the Caribbean context?• What is in the EPA that might help?• What to do and who to do what
    • Reflections on winners• Where economies of scale do not provide a significant competitive advantage• Where output can claim uniqueness from location
    • Reflections on winners• Understanding IP Licensing – Content for the Digital Environment – New varieties of plants and Geographical Indications• Essential oils and oleoresins (colours, flavours, smells and catalysts)
    • Reflections on winners• Bio-ceuticals• Green integrated circuits – ICTs• G4 Algae biofuels – Renewable energy
    • Reflections on winners Eco-innovationhttp://ec.europa.eu/environment/eco- innovation/index_en.htm
    • THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTIONmalcolm.spence@crnm.org +1 246 243 1573