Personal hygiene


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  • Personal hygiene

    1. 1. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 1
    2. 2. 10/27/13 PRESENTED BY ANU JAMES MSc (N)
    3. 3. PERSONAL HYGIENE (What is it?)  It is a science which deals with promotion & preservation of health .  It is preventing infection through cleanliness.  It is maintenance of health and healthy living. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 3
    4. 4. The importance of cleanliness  Its good to keep and stay in a clean environment  It helps you to be healthy and away from diseases 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 4
    5. 5. HYGIENIC PRACTICES (What are the components?)  Daily thorough bath & hair wash shd be taken  Frequent washing of hands ,face and feet shd be done  Teeth shd be cleaned daily and oral hygiene shd be maintained  Clothes shd be cleaned and living area shd be tidy 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 5
    6. 6. HYGIENIC PRACTICES contd….  Contact with bodily fluids of others such as feces, urine, vomit , saliva shd be avoided to prevent contracting diseases.  Direct contact with animals before eating and sleeping shd be avoided.  Mouth and nose shd be covered by tissue during coughing/sneezing. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 6
    7. 7. HYGIENIC PRACTICES contd…  Avoid unclean habits such as nose picking , touching hair and various parts of face etc.  Avoid licking fingers before sticking stamps or envelopes or counting notes or picking up sheets of paper.  Washing hands properly before and after eating.  Water supply should be clean &adequate. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 7
    8. 8. Factors affecting skin condition 1. Developmental considerations 2. Illness 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 8
    9. 9. Activities in personal hygiene bathing Cleaning a car Keep clothes clean 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) Washing hands 9
    10. 10. Eating clean food 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 10
    11. 11. GROOMING PRACTICES This is done for healthy as well as good looking body parts such as –  Hair – rich quality and neat hairstyle  Skin – glowing and clean  Teeth and tongue – avoid bad breath so that friends do not avoid you  Eyes – sparkling with good vision  Hands , feet and nails – extra attention is needed in Indian scenario 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 11
    12. 12. CARE OF SKIN  Bath/shower everyday  Scrubbing improves blood circulation.  Clean your face of all make up and cosmetics before sleeping. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 12
    13. 13. SKIN contnd…  Soap & water are essential for keeping the skin clean.  The private parts need to be cleaned and dried well with a clean towel.  Always wear clean cotton undergarments. If possible change twice a day. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 13
    14. 14. Purposes of bathing 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Cleanses skin Skin conditioner Relaxes patient Promotes circulation Exercise Stimulates respirations 10/27/13 7. Comfort 8. Sensory input 9. Improves self-image 10. Establish rapport 11. Physical assessment 12. teach ANU JAMES MSc (N) 14
    15. 15. What you do after     Dry with a towel Apply your body cream Wear clean clothes Comb your hair 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 15
    16. 16. Body Odor (I)  Perspiration, or sweat, comes from sweat glands. Due to puberty, these glands not only become more active than before, but at the same time, they also begin to secrete different chemicals into the sweat that has a stronger smelling odor.  Some places on the body that contribute to this odor is from the armpits, the feet, and the private places.  The best way to keep clean is to bathe or shower every day, because this will help wash away any bacteriaANU JAMES MSc (N) that contribute to the smells. 10/27/13 16
    17. 17. Body Odor (II)  Some methods to prevent a strong body odor: – Deodorants get rid of the odor of sweat by covering it up, and antiperspirants actually stop or dry up perspiration. – Daily baths or showers and wearing clean clothes can also help “lower” body odor. – Perfume 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 17
    18. 18. HAIR CARE 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 18
    19. 19. Hair  Washing your hair every day or every other day can help control oily hair.  Don't scrub or rub too hard — this doesn't get rid of oil any better and can irritate your scalp or damage your hair. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 19
    20. 20.  Each strand of hair has its own sebaceous (oil) gland, which keeps the hair shiny and waterproof. The release of oil is caused by hormones that are the same as the ones that causes acne 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 20
    21. 21. HAIR • Hair are your crowning glory. • Hair should be dried properly before tying them as wet hair can become smelly. • Massaging the scalp with warm oil increases blood circulation. • Always brush and comb hair neatly . • Losing hair is normal : it can be as much as 50-60 hairs per day. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 21
    22. 22. CARE of tEEtH 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 22
    23. 23. Brushing at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste
    24. 24. Brushing • Brushing and flossing properly, along with regular dental checkups, can help prevent tooth decay and gum disease. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 24
    25. 25. – To prevent cavities, you need to remove plaque, the transparent layer of bacteria that coats the teeth. – Brushing also stimulates the gums, which helps to keep them healthy and prevent gum disease. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 25
    26. 26. Teeth: Bad Breath • Bad breath is caused by odor-producing bacteria that grow in the mouth. When a person doesn’t brush and floss regularly, bacteria accumulate on the bits of food left in the mouth and between the teeth. The sulfur compounds released by these bacteria make your breath smell. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 26
    27. 27. Eat a Healthy Balanced Diet.
    28. 28. • Certain foods, especially ones like garlic and onions that contain pungent oils, can contribute to bad breath because the oils are carried to your lungs and out through your mouth. Smoking is also a major cause of bad breath 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 28
    29. 29. • Follow advice of a health care professional. . 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 29
    30. 30. Care of eyes 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 30
    31. 31.  NO SOAP 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 31
    32. 32. EYES contd…  Clean wash cloth  Water runs away from eyes  Clean inside to outside 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 32
    33. 33. EYES contd… • Wash eyes with clean water when traveling and before sleep. • Check your vision if you have frequent headache. • Refractory error must be corrected early. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 33
    34. 34. CARE OF EARs.  Daily washing with soap and water is enough to keep the outer ear clean. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 34
    35. 35.  Do not put anything inside your ear like hairpins, safety pins or blunt edged things in your ears for cleaning wax or because there is itching. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 35
    36. 36.  If wax has accumulated and is plugging or itching your ears ,consult your doctor 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 36
    37. 37. HANDs AND NAILs * Wash hands thoroughly with soap &water ,before and after meals and after using washroom Hands should be dried with clean towel after washing . 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 37
    38. 38. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 38
    39. 39. NAILs Grow nails only if you can keep them clean. Overuse of nail polish can damage the keratin of nail and can also chip of in food 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 39
    40. 40. FEET • Keeping feet clean daily is very important to avoid body odor and skin diseases. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 40
    41. 41. FEET contnd….. • Give your feet a good scrub with sponge, pumice stone or foot scrubber at least once a week . • After daily bath dry the area in between toes 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 41
    42. 42. FEET contnd….. • Keep toenails clipped. • Cotton socks should be preferred 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 42
    43. 43. 10/27/13 ANU JAMES MSc (N) 43